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Kristin Bergtora Sandvik
Kristin Bergtora Sandvik
Senior Researcher
Work Phone:22 54 77 92
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Blog Posts
Research Interest

​I am the Centre Director for the Norwegian Centre for Humanitarian Studies, which aims to promote and facilitate critical and relevant research on key humanitarian issues

My research focuses on the interface between international law, humanitarianism, technology and violence.

§ What are the humanitarian and legal consequences of increasingly automated and autonomous weapon platforms? What is the future of accountability? I explore these themes in my project on emergent military technologies focusing on cyberwar and drones.

§ What is the role of law in the protection of civilians? My research on indigenous groups and 

internally displaced women in Colombia investigates how political organizing and legal mobilization shape the everyday life of marginalized groups in the midst of violent conflict.

§ Doctor of Juridical Sciences, S.J.D Harvard Law School 2008
§ Visiting Fellowship, RSC, University of Oxford 2006
§ Visiting Researcher,  Refugee Law Project, Uganda 2005
§ Candidata Juris, Masters in Women's Law, University of Oslo 2002
Current Positions
Board member, the International Humanitarian Studies Association (IHSA)
Editorial Board, Security Dialogue
PRIO started tracking events online in 2007. This listing is not complete. Past events may be mentioned in our news archive.


Peer-reviewed Journal Article

Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2014) The Rise of the Humanitarian Drone: Giving Content to an Emerging Concept (forthcoming), Millennium: Journal of International Studies.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2014) Regulating War in the Shadow of Law: Towards a Re-Articulation of ROE? (forthcoming), Journal of Military Ethics.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora; & Julieta Lemaitre (2013) Internally Displaced Women as Knowledge Producers and Users in Humanitarian Action: The View from Colombia, Disasters 37(1): 36–50.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora; & Hans-Inge Giske Langø (2013) Cyberspace og sikkerhet, Internasjonal Politikk 71(2): 221–228.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2013) Cyberkrig og internasjonal rett, Internasjonal Politikk 71(2): 252–262.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2012)Negotiating the Humanitarian Past: History, Memory, and Unstable Cityscapes in Kampala, Uganda , Refugee Survey Quarterly 31(1): 108–122.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2011) Blurring Boundaries: Refugee Resettlement in Kampala—between the Formal, the Informal, and the Illegal , Polar: Political and Legal Anthropology Review 34(1): 11–32.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2010) Unpacking World Refugee Day: Humanitarian Governance and Human Rights Practice? , Journal of Human Rights Practice 2(2): 287–298.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2010) A Legal History: the Emergence of the African Resettlement Candidate in International Refugee Management , International Journal of Refugee Law 22(1): 20–47.

Book Chapter

Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2013) Rights-Based Humanitarianism as Emancipation or Stratification? Rumors and Procedures of Verification in Urban Refugee Management in Kampala, Uganda , in Derman, Bill; Anne Hellum; & Kristin Bergtora Sandvik, eds, Worlds of Human Rights. the Ambiguities of Rights Claiming In Africa. Leiden: Brill .
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2013) The Risks of Technological Innovation, in World's Disaster Report (2013) Technology and the Future of Humanitarian Action. Geneva: IFRC .
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2013) The Multiple Tracks of Human Rights and Humanitarianism , in Derman, Bill;Hellum, Anne; & Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora, eds, Worlds of Human Rights. the Ambiguities of Rights Claiming In Africa. Brill.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2013) Ethnographic and Historical Perspectives on Rights Claiming on the African Continent, in Derman, Bill;Hellum, Anne; & Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora, eds, Worlds of Human Rights, the Ambiguities of Rights Claiming In Africa. Brill.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora(2010) Rapprochement and Misrecognition: Humanitarianism as Human Rights Practice The New International Law. : (139–157).
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora(2010) Framing Accountability in Refugee Resettlement Accountability For Human Rights Violations of International Organisations. : (287–310).
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora(2010) International Law and Security The Routledge Handbook of New Security Studies. : (110–120).
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora(2009) The physicality of legal consciousness: suffering and the production of credibility in refugee resettlement Humanitarianism and Suffering the Mobilization of Empathy (Wilson & Brown Eds). : Cambridge University Press.

Edited Volume

Derman, Bill; Anne Hellum; & Kristin Bergtora Sandvik, eds, (2013) Worlds of Human Rights: The Ambiguities of Rights Claiming in Africa. Leiden-Boston: Brill. Afrika-Studiecentrum Series.

Popular Article

Jumbert, Maria Gabrielsen; John Karlsrud & Kristin Bergtora Sandvik (2013) Vil aggressive fredsoperasjoner løse Malis humanitære krise?, Bistandsaktuelt.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2013) Fra ubemannede fly til drapsroboter, NRK Ytring, 27 May.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora; & Lohne, Kjersti (2013) The promise and perils of ‘disaster drones’, Humanitarian Exchange Magazine 58.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2012) Droner truer demokratiet, Klassekampen, .
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2011) Morgendagens Kriger [Tomorrow's Wars], Aftenposten, 20 June.

Conference Paper

Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2013) Drone Pilots, Humanitarians and the Videogame Analogy: Unpacking the ConversationTrondheim, 5–7 February.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2013) Fra dronekrig til UAV i det sivile luftrom - Globale trender og utfordringer Luftfartskonferansen 2013, Bodø.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2013) Relief and Disaster Drones: Commercial Logic as Humanitarian Logic?Ljubliana, Slovenia.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2013) The Birth of the Humanitarian Combat Drone: A Preliminary Typology, presented at An Open World: Niels Bohr Conference 2013, Copenhagen, 04.12.13 – 06.12.13.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2013) Armed Humanitarian Drones? Paradoxes and Pitfalls, presented at The Future of Warfare, Oslo, 01/11/13 – 02/11/13.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2013) Breakfast Seminar: Return to Somalia: A New Era?, presented at Breakfast Seminar: Return to Somalia: A New Era?, Oslo, 21/03/13.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2013) Panel Challenges in Humanitarian Innovation: Emerging Risks to the Principled and Secure Use of Information in Humanitarian Response -, presented at The World Conference on Humanitarian Studies, Istanbul, 24/10/13 – 27/10/13.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2013) Righteous trajectory: From Killer Drone to Disaster Drone Pilot, presented at The World Conference on Humanitarian Studies, Istanbul, 24/10/13 – 27/10/13.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2013) ‘Unblocking Colombia: the Practice and Politics of lifting bans’, presented at The Politics of the List: Law, Security, Technology, Canterbury, 31/10/13 – 01/11/13.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2013) UNHCR Reforms Revisited: Rights-based versus Results-based, presented at The World Conference on Humanitarian Studies, Istanbul, 24/10/13 – 27/10/13.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora; Mareile Kaufmann; Kjersti Lohne; & John Karlsrud (2013) Big data, data protection and humanitarian decision making: challenges to accountability and transparency, presented at Disaster Drones: Promises and Pitfalls for Humanitarian Action, Oslo, 22/04/13.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2013) “Now the Law Says You Are a Victim”: From Humanitarian Crisis to Transitional Justice in Colombia, presented at Protection of Civilians (PoC) seminar, Bergen, 04/11/13 – 05/11/13.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2013) Folkerettslige problemstillinger knyttet til fenomenet. Er miltærmakt svaret? Betyr det noe hvordan stater møter utfordringene?, presented at Frokostmøte: Cyberkrig – hva skjer?, Oslo, 11/04/13.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2013) Framtidas Krig, presented at Framtidas Krig, Bergen, 16/10/13.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2013) Unmanned Aerial Vehicles and Autonomous Weapons-, presented at PhD Course: Emerging Military Technologies - New Normative Challenges, Oslo, 13/11/13 – 15/11/13.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2013) Utenriksministerens sikkerhetspolitiske utvalg-Briefing om droneproblematikken, presented at Utenriksministerens sikkerhetspolitiske utvalg, Oslo, 15/04/13.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora; & Astri Suhrke (2013) The Future of Armed Drones- How to Protect Civilians, presented at Breakfast Seminar, Bergen, 16/05/13.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2013) Structural Litigation during Ongoing Conflict: The Constitutional Court and Displaced Women’s Organizations in Colombia, presented at Law and Society Association, annual Meeting, Boston, 2 June 2013.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora 2013Does Legal Mobilization Work in Conflict Zones? A Study of Displaced Women’s Organizations in Colombia, presented at Law and Society Association, annual meeting.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora 2013Internasjonal rett og militariseringen av cyberspace, presented at Fokus: Cyberspace og sikkerhet.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2013) The War on Drugs as “Humanitarian Crisis": Examining the Latin American Experience, presented at Seventh Annual Conference of the International Society for the Study of Drug Policy, Bogota.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora; & Lohne, Kjersti 2012 Technology Transfers from the Military to the Humanitarian Field: the Rise of the Humanitarian Drone, presented at Humanitarianism: Past, Present, Future, , .
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora 2012 The Courts and the Women: Female IDP Organisations and Human Rights Litigation in Colombia, presented at ‘‘Engendering Governance Workshop’, CIPL Workshop’ 6-8 August, 2012: Connecting International Law with Public Law En/gendering governance: from the local to the global, , .
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora; & Lohne, Kjersti 2012 Robot Technology and the Drone Stare: Seeing or Unseeing Humanitarian Suffering?, presented at Political Theatres of Suffering: Humanitarian Politics and Representation of Distant Suffering, , .
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora 2011 The Quest for Credible Resettlement Claims: Navigating Collective Identity and Personal Encounters in Kampala, Uganda, presented at La fabrique institutionnelle de l'asile et de la protection des réfugiés, , .
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora;Kaufmann, Mareile; & Lohne, Kjersti 2011 Terror Threats, Data Protection and Human Security: A Shifting Interface in Norwegian Law?, presented at ECPR Conference, , 27 August.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora 2011 Collaborative Feminist Methodologies - In the Emergency Zone?, presented at The Second World Conference of Humanitarian Studies, , 2–5 June.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora 2010 Negotiating the Humanitarian Past: Officializing UNHCR Practice in Uganda, presented at The Anthropology of International Institutions: How Ethnography Contributes to Understanding Mechanisms of Global Governance, , 11 June.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora 2009 The Politics and Possibilities of Victimhood, A Cosmopolitan Perspective, presented at Cosmopolitan Justice and its Discontents Interdisciplinary Conference, , 16 October.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora 2009 The Legitimacy of Humanitarian Governance: On the Relationship between Indicators, Law, and Rights, presented at 2009 Annual Meeting the Law and Society Association (LSA), , 30 May.

PRIO Policy Brief

Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2012) International Human Rights and Humanitarian Law in the Global Legal Order, PRIO Policy Brief, 1. Oslo: PRIO.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2012) Cyberwar as an Issue of International law, PRIO Policy Brief, 4. Oslo: PRIO.

PRIO Paper

Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2012) Towards a Militarization of Cyberspace-Cyberwar as an Issue of International Law, PRIO Paper. Oslo: PRIO.

Book Review

Donini, Antonio (2013) Review of Review of Kristin Bergtora Sandvik, ed., The Golden Fleece: Manipulation and Independence in Humanitarian Action, in Journal of Peace Research 50(3): 426–427.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora(2009) Review of Global Justice Networks, Geographies of Transnational Solidarity 341–343.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora(2009) Review of Exploiting the Limits of Law 129 – 132.