1958, 1975-1976, 1982-1986, 1989-1990

  • Type: Internal/internationalized
  • Side A: Lebanon
  • Side B: Independent Nasserite Movement/Mourabitoun militia, LNM, LAA, Amal, NUF, Lebanese Forces - Hobeika faction, Lebanese Army (Aoun), Lebanese Forces


Abraham, Antoine J. (1990) The Lebanon War. Westport: Praeger.
Badran, Tony (2008) Lebanon’s Militia Wars, Middle East Review of International Affairs 12(2): 84-109.
Brynen, Rex (1990) Sanctuary and Survival: The PLO and Lebanon. Boulder: Westview Press.
El Khazen, Farid (2003) Political Parties in Postwar Lebanon: Parties in Search of Partisans, Middle East Journal 57(4): 605-624.
Fisk, Robert (1990) Pity the Nation: Lebanon at War. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Gilmour, David (1983) Lebanon, the Fractured Country. Oxford: M. Robertson.
Gordon, David (1980) Lebanon, the Fragmented Nation. London: Croom Helm.
Hiro, Dilip (1993) Lebanon: Fire and Embers. New York: St. Martin’s Press.
Khalaf, Samir (2002) Civil and Uncivil Violence in Lebanon: A History of the Internationalization of Communal Conflict. New York: Columbia.
O'Ballance, Edgar (1998) Civil War in Lebanon, 1975-92. London: MacMillan Press Ltd.
Picard, Elizabeth (1996) Lebanon, A Shattered Country: Myths and realites of the wars in Lebanon. New York: Holmes & Meier.
Randal, Jonathan (1983) The Tragedy of Lebanon: Christian Warlords, Israeli Adventurers and American Bunglers. London: Chatto & Windus.
Snider, Lewis W. (1984) The Lebanese Forces: Their Origins and Role in Lebanon’s Politics, Middle East Journal 38(1): 1-33.
Weinberger, Naomi Joy (1986) Syrian Intervention in Lebanon: The 1975-1976 War. New York: Oxford University Press.
Wood, Pia Christina (1998) The Diplomacy of Peacekeeping: France and the Multinational Forces to Lebanon, 1982-1984, International Peacekeeping 5(2): 19-37.