year

PRIO's list of publications is undergoing major changes, and not all new publications are listed below. A complete list of PRIO publications published in 2012 is available from CRISTIN, Norway's national academic publication database.

Peer-reviewed Journal Article

(1996) Review Essay: War Termination , Journal of Peace Research 33(4): 491–496.
(1996) The Eritrean-Yemeni Conflict over the Hanish Archipelago: Towards a Resolution Favoring Peace and Nature , Security Dialogue 27(2): .
Ackermann, Alice (1996) The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia: A Relatively Successful Case of Conflict Prevention in Europe , Security Dialogue 27(4): .
Agøy, Nils Ivar (1996) When Officers Need Internal Enemies: Aspects of Civil-Military Relations in Scandinavia Between the World Wars , Journal of Peace Research 33(4): 469–481.
Alfsen, Erik (1996) A Nuclear Weapon Free World, Feasible? Desirable? , Security Dialogue 27(1): .
Aliyeva, Leila (1996) Imperial Legacy: Economics and Conflict , Security Dialogue 27(1): .
Allsop, Dee;Wilcox, Clyde; & Hewitt, Lara (1996) The Gender Gap in Attitudes Toward the Gulf War? A Cross-National Perspective , Journal of Peace Research 33(1): 67–82.
al-Mani, Saleh A. (1996) Gulf Security and Relations with our Neighbors: A Rejoinder , Security Dialogue 27(3): .
Al-Suwaidi, Jamal S. (1996) Gulf Security and the Iranian Challenge , Security Dialogue 27(3): .
Andor, L?szl? (1996) Economic Transformation and Political Stability in East Central Europe , Security Dialogue 27(2): .
Archer, Clive (1996) The Nordic Area as a 'Zone of Peace' , Journal of Peace Research 33(4): 445–467.
Baev, Pavel K. (1996) Review Essay: A New Look at Russia in Transition , Journal of Peace Research 33(3): 371–376.
Baev, Pavel K.; & Pavel K. Baev (1996) A New Look at Russia in Transition. Review Essay, Journal of Peace Research 33(3): 371–376.
Bailes, Alyson J.K. (1996) The Change in European Security: EU, NATO and Options for Future European Defence Arrangements , Security Dialogue 27(1): .
Bailey, Jennifer L. (1996) Focus On: Hot Fish and (Bargaining) Chips , Journal of Peace Research 33(3): 257–262.
Bellany, Ian (1996) Defensive Arms and the Security Dilemma: A Cybernetic Approach , Journal of Peace Research 33(3): 263–271.
Bøckman, Harald (1996) Informal Chinese Politics: Society in the State, Forum For Development Studies (2).
Bonta, Bruce D. (1996) Conflict Resolution Among Peaceful Societies: The Culture of Peacefulness , Journal of Peace Research 33(4): 403–420.
Borawski, John (1996) The OSCE: In Search of Cooperative Security , Security Dialogue 27(4): .
Bowman, Kirk S. (1996) Taming the Tiger: Militarization and Democracy in Latin America , Journal of Peace Research 33(3): 289–308.
Carasales, Julio C. (1996) A Surprising About-face: Argentina and the NPT , Security Dialogue 27(3): .
Chen, Baizhu;Masroori, Cyrus; & Feng, Yi (1996) Collective Action in the Middle East? A Study of Free-ride in Defense Spending , Journal of Peace Research 33(3): 323–339.
Chen, Jian (1996) Understanding the Logic of Beijing's Taiwan Policy , Security Dialogue 27(4): .
Dokhanchi, Khalil (1996) Review Essay: US Foreign Policy Towards Rogue States and Weapon Proliferation , Journal of Peace Research 33(2): 241–244.
Dorn, A. Walter (1996) Keeping Tabs on a Troubled World. UN Information-Gathering to Preserve Peace , Security Dialogue 27(3): .
ElBaradei, Mohamed (1996) On Compliance with Nuclear Non-Proliferation Obligations , Security Dialogue 27(1): .
Forsberg, Tuomas (1996) Explaining Territorial Disputes: From Power Politics to Normative Reasons , Journal of Peace Research 33(4): 433–449.
Gartner, Scott Sigmund; & Regan, Patrick M. (1996) Threat and Represssion: The Non-Linear Relationship Between Government and Opposition Violence , Journal of Peace Research 33(3): 273–287.
Gates, Scott;Moses, Jonathon W.; & Knutsen, Torbjørn L. (1996) Democracy and Peace: A More Skeptical View , Journal of Peace Research 33(1): 1–10.
Gjeseth, Gullow (1996) Dubious Directory , Security Dialogue 27(1): 105–105.
Gleditsch, Nils Petter (1996) Democracy and Democratization: Not Quite the State of the Art (review of Seymour Martin Lipset, ed. The Encyclopedia of Democracy) , Security Dialogue 27(3): 349–354.
Gleditsch, Nils Petter (1996) Democracy and Democratization: Not Quite the State of the Art , Security Dialogue 27(3): 349–351.
Gleditsch, Nils Petter (1996) Det nye sikkerhetsbildet: Mot en demokratisk og fredelig verden? , Internasjonal Politikk 54(3): 291–310.
Goldblat, Jozef (1996) Controversies Over the Planned Enlargement of NATO , Security Dialogue 27(3): .
Gowlland-Debbas, Vera (1996) United Nations A-Z , Security Dialogue 27(3): 352–354.
Græger, Nina (1996) Review Essay: Environmental Security? , Journal of Peace Research 33(1): 109–116.
Hanauer, Laurence S. (1996) Tatarstan and the Prospects for Federalism in Russia: A Commentary , Security Dialogue 27(1): .
Heo, Uk (1996) The Political Economy of Defense Spending in South Korea , Journal of Peace Research 33(4): 483–490.
Herd, Graeme P. (1996) Russian State Duma Elections , Security Dialogue 27(1): .
Hermann, Margaret G.; & Kegley, Charles W. (1996) How Democracies Use Intervention: A Neglected Dimension in Studies of the Democratic Peace , Journal of Peace Research 33(3): 309–322.
Herzig, Edmund M. (1996) Iran and Turkey: Between Central Asia and the Arab World , Security Dialogue 27(4): .
Horvath, Peter (1996) Antinuclear and Pronuclear Empowerment and Activism , Journal of Peace Research 33(2): 137–152.
Ibrahim, Saad Eddin (1996) Future Visions of the Arab Middle East , Security Dialogue 27(4): .
Jakobsen, Peter Viggo (1996) National Interest, Humanitarianism or CNN: What Triggers UN Peace Enforcement After the Cold War? , Journal of Peace Research 33(2): 205–215.
Kapopoulos, Panayotis T.;Georgiou, George M.; & Lazaretou, Sophia (1996) Modelling Greek-Turkish Rivalry: An Empirical Investigation of Defence Spending Dynamics , Journal of Peace Research 33(2): 229–239.
Kelley, Robert E. (1996) Two Substantially Different Approaches to Proliferation: The Cases of South Africa and Iraq , Security Dialogue 27(1): .
Khadduri, Walid (1996) Oil and Politics in the Middle East , Security Dialogue 27(2): .
Khakimov, Raphael S. (1996) Prospects of Federalism in Russia: A View from Tatarstan , Security Dialogue 27(1): .
Kibaroglu, Mustafa (1996) Impact of the Northern Tier on the Middle East: A Rejoinder , Security Dialogue 27(3): .
Kien-hong Yu, Peter (1996) Chinese Re-unification: Opening a Window of Opportunity , Security Dialogue 27(4): .
Kimche, David (1996) The Arab-Israeli Peace Process , Security Dialogue 27(2): .
Knox, Colin; & Hughes, Joanne (1996) Crossing the Divide: Community Relations in Northern Ireland , Journal of Peace Research 33(1): 83–98.
Kolås, Åshild (1996) Tibetan Nationalism: The Politics of Religion , Journal of Peace Research 33(1): 51–66.
Kollias, Christos G. (1996) The Greek-Turkish Conflict and Greek Military Expenditure 1960-92 , Journal of Peace Research 33(2): 217–228.
Kostecki, Wojciech (1996) Political Stability - No Simple Formula , Security Dialogue 27(3): .
Kristensen, Hans M.; & Handler, Joshua M. (1996) The USA and Counterproliferation: A New and Dubious Role for US Nuclear Weapons , Security Dialogue 27(4): .
Lejins, Atis (1996) Latvian Security Challenges in 1996 , Security Dialogue 27(2): .
Li, Rex (1996) The Taiwan Strait Crisis and the Future of China-Taiwan Relations , Security Dialogue 27(4): .
Likhotal, Alexander (1996) On the Way to Democracy , Security Dialogue 27(1): .
Linn, Ruth (1996) When the Individual Soldier Says 'No' to War: A Look at Selective Refusal During the Intifada , Journal of Peace Research 33(4): 421–431.
Lock, Peter (1996) On Arms Industry , Security Dialogue 27(1): .
Lodgaard, Sverre (1996) The Crisis of Multilateralism , Security Dialogue 27(3): .
Maresca, John J. (1996) Why an OSCE Role in the Caucasus , Security Dialogue 27(1): .
McSweeney, Bill (1996) Security, Identity and the Peace Process in Northern Ireland , Security Dialogue 27(2): .
Meernik, James (1996) United States Military Intervention and the Promotion of Democracy , Journal of Peace Research 33(4): 391–402.
Mihalka, Michael (1996) Mostar, The Muslim-Croat Federation and Bosnia , Security Dialogue 27(4): .
Nevin, John A. (1996) War Initiation and Selection by Consequences , Journal of Peace Research 33(1): 99–108.
Norris, Robert S. (1996) French and Chinese Nuclear Weapon Testing , Security Dialogue 27(1): .
Ogunbanwo, Sola (1996) The Treaty of Pelindaba: Africa is Nuclear Weapon-Free , Security Dialogue 27(2): .
Öövel, Andrus (1996) Estonian Defence Policy, NATO and the European Union , Security Dialogue 27(1): .
Osaghae, Eghosa E. (1996) Human Rights and Ethnic Conflict Management: The Case of Nigeria , Journal of Peace Research 33(2): 171–188.
Ostermann, Änne;Krell, Gert; & Nicklas, Hans (1996) Immigration, Asylum, and Anti-Foreigner Violence in Germany , Journal of Peace Research 33(2): 153–170.
Østerud, Øyvind (1996) Antinomies of Post-Modernism in International Studies , Journal of Peace Research 33(4): 385–390.
Østerud, Øyvind; & Smith, Dan (1996) Nasjonalstat, nasjonalisme og politisk identitet: En skisse til forskningsagenda , Internasjonal Politikk 54(4): 435–455.
Payne, Rodger A. (1996) Focus On: Deliberating Global Environmental Politics , Journal of Peace Research 33(2): 129–136.
Pearson, Graham S. (1996) Responding to the Threat of Biological Weapons: An Alternative View , Security Dialogue 27(1): .
Phelan, Donna (1996) The Agreement on Sub-Regional Arms Control , Security Dialogue 27(4): .
Phillips, David L. (1996) Preventive Diplomacy in the Balkans , Security Dialogue 27(2): .
Poku, Nana; & Pettiford, Lloyd (1996) Practice and Theory in the Security Debate , Security Dialogue 27(3): .
Prawitz, Jan (1996) A Nuclear-Free Zone from the Baltic Sea to the Black Sea , Security Dialogue 27(2): .
Prins, Gwyn (1996) Global Security and Military Intervention , Security Dialogue 27(1): .
Rosenau, James N. (1996) The Dynamics of Globalization: Toward an Operational Formulation , Security Dialogue 27(3): .
Ross, Robert S. (1996) The 1996 Taiwan Strait Crisis: Lessons for the United States, China, and Taiwan , Security Dialogue 27(4): .
Roy, Denny (1996) China's Threat Environment , Security Dialogue 27(4): .
Russett, Bruce M.;Oneal, John R.;Maoz, Zeev; & Oneal, Frances H. (1996) The Liberal Peace: Interdependence, Democracy, and International Conflict, 1950-85 , Journal of Peace Research 33(1): 11–28.
Saperstein, Alvin M. (1996) Demarcation between Theater Missile Defense and Strategic Missile Defense , Security Dialogue 27(1): .
Sariolghalam, Mahmood (1996) The Future of the Middle East: The Impact of the Northern Tier , Security Dialogue 27(3): .
Shukri, Muhammad Aziz (1996) The Arab-Israeli Peace Process: A Rejoinder , Security Dialogue 27(2): .
Simonsen, Sven Gunnar (1996) Blackshirt Friends of the Nation , Nationalities Papers 24(4): .
Smith, Dan (1996) Security, Identity and the Peace Process in Northern Ireland: A Comment, , Security Dialogue 27(2): 179–184.
Smith, Dan (1996) Security, Identity and the Peace Process in Northern Ireland: A Comment , Security Dialogue 27(2): .
Smith, Dan (1996) The Field of Study in International Relations , European Journal of International Relations 2(2): 259–269.
Sørensen, Georg; & Sørensen, Georg (1996) Individual Security and National Security: The State Remains the Principal Problem , Security Dialogue 27(4): .
Stevenson, Randolph;Ward, Michael D.;Mintz, Alex; & Cohen, Jordin S. (1996) Defense Expenditures and Economic Growth in Israel: The Indirect Link , Journal of Peace Research 33(3): 341–352.
Swain, Ashok (1996) Displacing the Conflict: Environmental Destruction in Bangladesh and Ethnic Conflict in India , Journal of Peace Research 33(2): 189–204.
Tunander, Ola (1996) Un nuevo Imperio Otomano? La opcion turca: centro eurasiático o fortaleza nacional [A New Ottoman Empire? – The Choice for Turkey: Euro-Asian Centre vs National Fortress] , Dialogo Y Securidad (3): 219–234.
Vilén, Heikki (1996) Planning of a Peace-keeping Mission for the Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict , Security Dialogue 27(1): .
Wallensteen, Peter; & Sollenberg, Margareta (1996) The End of International War? Armed Conflict 1989-95 , Journal of Peace Research 33(3): 353–370.
Wrobel, Paulo S. (1996) Brazil and the NPT: Resistance to Change? , Security Dialogue 27(3): .
Wu, Jaushieh Joseph (1996) Democratization and Uncertainty: Taiwan's Political Development in a New Era , Security Dialogue 27(4): .
Yamskov, Anatoly N. (1996) On Joint Control over Key Territories in Nagorno-Karabakh , Security Dialogue 27(1): .
Young, Stephen W.; & Plesch, Daniel T. (1996) A Permanent NPT: Where to Now? , Security Dialogue 27(1): .
Zolyan, Suren (1996) Shusha and Stepanakert - The United Capital for Nagorno Karabakh: A Commentary , Security Dialogue 27(1): .

Monograph

Baev, Pavel K.; & Pavel K. Baev (1996) The Russian Army in a Time of Trouble. London.
Simonsen, Sven Gunnar (1996) Politics and Personalities: Key Actors in the Russian Opposition. : .
Tishkov, Valery (1996) Ethnicity, Nationalism and Conflict in and after the Soviet Union. The Mind Aflame. London: Sage.
Waage, Hilde Henriksen (1996) Norge-Israels beste venn. Norsk Midtøsten-politikk 1949-1956. : .

Book Chapter

(1996) Economic Interdependence: A Path To Peace or a Source of Interstate Conflict? : (29–49).
(1996) Egypt Human Rights In Developing Countries Yearbook 1996. : (117–161).
(1996) Ethnic Conflict in the Context of Social Science Theories Ethnicity and Power In the Contemporary World. : .
(1996) Postsovetskii natsionalism i rossiiskaya antropologia Kuda Idet Rossiia? Sotsialnaya Transformatsiia Postsovetskogo Prostranstva. : (210–220).
Adekanye, J. 'Bayo (1996) Dynamics of Ethnic Conflicts in Africa, in Causes of Conflict In the Third World. .
Adekanye, J. 'Bayo (1996) Gjeld, demokratisering og konflikt - tilfellet Nigeria, in Afrika Årbok 96/97. (147–170).
Baev, Pavel K.; & Pavel K. Baev (1996) Challenges of Peacekeeping in the Caucasus, in Conflicts In the Caucasus. (57–67).
Baev, Pavel K.; & Pavel K. Baev (1996) Russia and CIS Peacekeeping in the Caucasus, in Russia and International Peacekeeping. NUPI Report No. 206. (87–98).
Baev, Pavel K.; & Pavel K. Baev (1996) Russian Peacekeeping in the CIS Area, in Die Aussenpolitik Der Russischen Föderation (SWP - KB 2950). .
Baev, Pavel K.; & Pavel K. Baev (1996) Russia's Conflicting Interests in the Baltic Area, in The Baltic Sea: New Developments In National Policies and International Cooperation. (427–436).
Baev, Pavel K.; & Pavel K. Baev (1996) The Influence of the Balkan Crisis on Russia's Peacekeeping in its Near Abroad, in Peacekeeping and the Role of Russia In Eurasia. (67–82).
Baev, Pavel K.; & Pavel K. Baev (1996) The Russian Debate about the Near Abroad, in Russia and Europe. NUPI Report No. 210. (43–56).
Barbieri, Katherine(1996) Economic Interdependence: A Path To Peace or a Source of Interstate Conflict? : (29–49).
Berthelsen, Ole (1996) Introduction, in Conflicts In the Caucasus. (1–8).
Bøckman, Harald (1996) Kina - menneskerettigheter og politisk kultur, in Mål Og Midler I Norsk Menneskerettighetspolitikk. (13–21).
Cappelen, Ådne;Gleditsch, Nils Petter; & Bjerkholt, Olav(1996) The Peace Dividend in Norway: Domestic or International? The Peace Dividend. Contributions to Economic Analysis, 235. : (275–303).
Hauge, Wenche Iren(1996) Development and Conflict Causes of Conflict In the Third World. : .
Rupesinghe, Kumar(1996) Governance and conflict resolution in multi-ethnic societies Ethnicity and Power In the Contemporary World. : .
Smith, Dan(1996) Krigens årsaker Demokrati Og Fredelig Konfliktløsning. : (16–30).
Smith, Dan(1996) Reconciling Identities in Conflict, Europe's New Nationalism: States and Minorities In Conflict. : (195–212).
Smith, Dan(1996) The Uselessness and the Role of Nuclear Weapons: An Exercise in Pseudo-Problems and Disconnection Nuclear Rivalry and International Order. : (85–101).
Smith, Dan(1996) Towards Understanding the Causes of War, Causes of Conflict In the Third World. : .
Tishkov, Valery (1996) Nationalities in post-Soviet global changes, in Lourdes Arizpe, ed., The Cultural Dimensions of Global Change: an Anthropological Approach. Paris: Unesco Publishing (155–177).
Tishkov, Valery (1996) Post-Soviet Nationalism, in Caplan, Richard; & John Feffer, eds, Europe's New Nationalism. States and Minorities In Conflict. New York/Oxford: Oxford University Press (23–41).
Tunander, Ola(1996) Norway's Post-Cold War Security - Between Friend and Foe, or between Cosmos and Chaos Visions of European Security Policy - Focal Point Sweden and Northern Europe. : (48–63).

Edited Volume

Gleditsch, Nils Petter; Olav Bjerkholt; Ron P. Smith; Ådne Cappelen; & J. Paul Dunne, eds, (1996) The Peace Dividend. Amsterdam.

Non-refereed Journal Article

(1996) Political Islam and Conflict in Egypt , Midøsten Forum 10.
(1996) Sem' variantov. Zametki o vykhode iz chechenskogo krizisa , Svobodnaja Misl (Free Thought) (5): 43–55.
Adekanye, J. 'Bayo (1996) Rwanda/Burundi: 'Uni-Ethnic' Dominance and The Cycle of Armed Ethnic Formations, Social Identities 2(1): 37–71.
Baev, Pavel K.; Tor Bukkvoll; Pavel K. Baev; & Tor Bukkvoll (1996) Ukraine's Army under Civilian Rule, Jane's Intelligence Review 8(1): 8–10.
Berthelsen, Ole (1996) The OSCE: Model or Misfit, Pacific Research 9(4): 6–10.
Gleditsch, Nils Petter (1996) The APSR Hall of Fame: A Comment , PS: Political Science and Politics 29(4): 637–638.
Simonsen, Sven Gunnar (1996) Raising 'The Russian Question': Ethnicity and Statehood , Nationalism and Ethnic Politics 2(1): 91–110.
Simonsen, Sven Gunnar (1996) Russia's Northern Fleet in Heavy Sea , Slavic Military Studies 8(4): .
Smith, Dan (1996) Light Weapons and Arms Control , Disarmament Diplomacy (3): .

PRIO Report

Tishkov, Valery (1996) Explaining and Categorizing the Chechen War, PRIO Report, 3. Oslo: PRIO.

Report - Other

(1996) Conflicts in the Caucasus: .
(1996) Politics and Personalities: Kay Actors in the Russian Opposition: .
Dunne, J. Paul;Smith, Ron P.;Cappelen, Ådne;Bjerkholt, Olav; & Gleditsch, Nils Petter (1996) The Peace Dividend. Contributions to Economic Analysis, 235: .

Report - External Series

Berg Harpviken, Kristian (1996) Political Mobilization among the Hazara of Afghanistan: 1978-1992 , Rapportserien ved Sosiologi, UiO , 9. Department of Sociology, University of Oslo.