Led by Kaare Strøm
Governance structures play a particularly significant role in determining the outbreak of armed conflict and civil war. Coherent democracies and harshly authoritarian states have few civil wars, and intermediate regimes (semi-democracies) are the most conflict-prone. Political change is also associated with armed violence, regardless as to whether that change is toward greater democracy or greater autocracy (Hegre et al., 2001). Gates et al. (2001) examine political stability and conclude that semi-democracies exhibiting inconsistent institutions, are less stable than institutionally consistent autocracies and democracies.
The main focus of the Governance and Peace Working Group will be to explore the mechanisms through which democratic institutions engender peace. More specifically we intend to look at the different pathways of political transformation. Are certain institutional structures more conducive to peaceful democratisation than others? And what institutional arrangements are more prone to groups taking up arms in opposition to the state? To address these questions, we will draw on an extensive body of research, ranging from the analysis of rebellion and revolt to studies of democratisation and political stability. Methodologically, game theoretic and quantitative statistical analysis will be employed.
We intend to focus on five main research questions: