Lindgren, Göran (1984) Armaments and Economic Performance in Industrialized Market Economies , Journal of Peace Research 21(4): 375–387.
Mouhleb, Naima; Göran Lindgren; & Nils Petter Gleditsch, eds, (2000) Making Peace Pay. A Bibliography on Disarmament & Conversion. Claremont, CA: Regina Books. The new war/peace bibliography series.
The Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO) conducts research on the conditions for peaceful relations between states, groups and people.