NATO's bombing campaign against Yugoslavia had many failings, but it was nonetheless a means for establishing a regional security order. NATO made a deliberate effort to weaken the Serbian government's ability to damage the region. But regional security built on the foundations of the bombing risks penalizing not just the Serbian state but the Serb people. Serbia needs to be included in all four dimensions of a regional approach: political, security, economic, and reconciliation. An integrated Serbia is far more likely to develop a political environment in which the madness of the Milosevic era can be left behind.