In a recent article in the Guardian, PRIO researcher Henrik Urdal cautions against overstating the problem with 'youth bulges'. His own research finds that the likelihood of youth-driven conflict can be tempered by the existence of a good education system, and democracy. There is evidence of a link between a young population and a heightening of political tensions, he says, "but we're talking about an increase in the risk of low-intensity conflicts [that generate] between 25 and 1,000 battle deaths".