While often studied post-conflict, justice processes such as war crimes tribunals, truth commissions, reparations, and amnesties are often adopted by governments while violence is ongoing. These during-conflict justice (DCJ) processes often have different aims than those of transitional justice. Nevertheless, these DCJ processes have important impacts on the conflict, as well as on long-term options for peace.
Binningsbø, Helga Malmin & Cyanne Loyle (2018) Justice During Armed Conflict: Trends and Implications, Conflict Trends, 4. Oslo: PRIO.