Countering the Drone Threat: Implications of C-Uas Technology for Norway in an EU and NATO Context

PRIO Paper

Martins, Bruno Oliveira; Arthur Holland Michel & Andrea Silkoset (2020) Countering the Drone Threat: Implications of C-Uas Technology for Norway in an EU and NATO Context, PRIO Paper. Oslo: PRIO.

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​This report provides a critical analysis of the typology, procedures, and challenges of counter-drone technology, as well as an assessment of its application in both civilian and military scenarios. Counter-drone technology – or, as it is also designated, C-UAS – refers to systems designed to detect, track, identify and/or intercept unmanned aircraft (commonly referred to as drones), particularly small drones that cannot be countered with traditional anti-aircraft systems designed for use against manned aircraft.

The report argues that C-UAS technology is often not fully effective, and that those wishing to use the technology face a range of hurdles with respect to legality, coordination, planning, and safety. Current legal frameworks are lagging behind technological developments, and therefore many of the available technological solutions cannot be used in civilian settings due to legal restrictions.

Malicious drone use represents a significant security challenge. However, policymakers and practitioners should be careful not to allow this challenge to trigger an over-zealous securitization of civilian airspace.

Drones offer a range of important benefits when used properly. While a balanced approach towards C-UAS is certainly difficult to achieve, it is important that policy-makers, regulators, and law enforcement agencies take both the risks and the opportunities of C-UAS into account in their strategic decision-making.
RegulAIR Project Team Makes an Address at INTERPOL Drone Incursion Exercise

​​On 28-30 September 2021, the RegulAIR project team attended the first-ever international drone incursion exercise at a fully operational airport. Organized by INTERPOL, the Norwegian Police, Avinor, and UAS Norway, the event gathered C-UAS technology vendors, police officers, officials from government agencies, and experts from around the world, with the aim of testing C-UAS technology, and of discussing the challenges and opportunities for detecting, tracking, and intercepting unmanned aircrafts. The exercise was a culmination of eighteen months of planning and served not only as an opportunity to test cutting-edge technology in an operational setting, but also as a forum for discussions on practical, societal, and legal aspects of the threat posed by non-cooperative drones.

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