This study focuses on war experiences, war-related distress, and health. It is based on face-to-face interviews in a representative survey of 1,000 Kosovar Albanians. Results show that direct war experiences have a stronger impact on war-related distress and health than indirect war experiences. The strongest predictor among crucial single experiences was being held prisoner of war. Among Kosovo-Albanians, direct war experiences may have had a strong effect on war-related distress, even 4 years after the end of the war.
Ringdal, Gerd Inger; Kristen Ringdal & Albert Simkus (2008) War-related Distress and Health among Kosovar Albanians, Journal of Loss & Trauma 13 (1): 59–71.