Since 2000, Israel has exerted effective control over those territories that, under the 1993 Oslo Accords, were handed over to the exclusive control of the Palestinian Authority. While it no longer rules these areas directly, as it formerly did, it controls them by using the Palestinian Authority as a proxy. Sustaining its regime over the area between Jordan and the Mediterranean is Israel’s key strategic goal. Israel uses various tactics to maintain the current regime, including settlement activities, security operations and creating divisions among the Palestinians. In the last decade, this policy has paid off for Israel.
Klein, Menachem (2011) The Israeli Perspective on the Two-State Solution, PRIO Policy Brief, 1. Oslo: PRIO.