Høivik, Tord; & Galtung, Johan (1971) Structural and Direct Violence. A Note on Operationalization , Journal of Peace Research 8(1): 73–76.
Researcher; PRIO Director 1979-80, 1984-86
Professor of Peace Research, PRIO Director
The Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO) conducts research on the conditions for peaceful relations between states, groups and people.