A Diamond Curse? Civil War and a Lootable Resource

Conference Paper

Gilmore, Elisabeth; Nils Petter Gleditsch; Päivi Lujala; Nils Petter Gleditsch; Päivi Lujala; & Elisabeth Gilmore (2003) A Diamond Curse? Civil War and a Lootable Resource, presented at Workshop on Natural Resources and War, Montreal, 14 September.

While territory, oil, and water are frequently mentioned as resources likely to promote interstate conflict, diamonds have emerged as a prominent factor in explanations of civil war. In this article, we report on a new database on diamond deposits and production, and analyze the relationship between diamonds and armed conflict incidence. We find a strong bivariate relationship between diamonds (particularly secondary diamonds) and the onset of civil war. Adding diamond dummies to standard models of civil war, our results are more mixed. The production of secondary diamonds increases the risk of onset of ethnic war, but not other types of war. We find evidence that secondary diamonds are positively related to the incidence of civil war, especially in countries divided along ethnic lines. Primary diamonds, on the other hand, make ethnic war onset and incidence less likely. We also find that the impact of diamonds has been substantially stronger in the post-Cold War era.

Authors

Elisabeth Gilmore

Elisabeth Gilmore

Visiting Researcher (PRIO) / Assisant Professor (University of Maryland)

Nils Petter Gleditsch

Nils Petter Gleditsch

Research Professor; Professor Emeritus of Political Science, NTNU

Päivi Lujala

Päivi Lujala

Post-doctoral Fellow in Economics at NTNU

Päivi Lujala

Päivi Lujala

Post-doctoral Fellow in Economics at NTNU

Nils Petter Gleditsch

Nils Petter Gleditsch

Research Professor; Professor Emeritus of Political Science, NTNU

Elisabeth Gilmore

Elisabeth Gilmore

Visiting Researcher (PRIO) / Assisant Professor (University of Maryland)