Neumayer, Eric & Indra de Soysa (2011) Globalization and the Empowerment of Women: An Analysis of Spatial Dependence via Trade and Foreign Direct Investment, World Development 39(7): 1065–1075.
This article tests the hypothesis that higher women’s economic and social rights in foreign countries with which a country is connected via trade and foreign direct investment (FDI) spill-over into higher rights among the laggards—a phenomenon known as spatial dependence. Analyzing women’s rights over the period 1981–2007 in a global sample and samples of countries at different stages of economic development, we find consistent evidence for spill-over effects via trade links, with the exception of a sample of low-income countries. We also find some evidence for similar effects via FDI, but only for economic rights and only in middle-income countries.
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Professor of Environment and Development at London School of Economics
Professor of Political Science at NTNU
The Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO) conducts research on the conditions for peaceful relations between states, groups and people.