Diversification and Diffusion

PRIO Policy Brief

Cunningham, Kathleen Gallagher; Marianne Dahl & Anne Frugé (2016) Diversification and Diffusion, PRIO Policy Brief, 20. Oslo: PRIO.

​​​Why do organizations choose to use specific nonviolent strategies? In our study of self-determination movements between 1960 and 2005, we find that competition between organizations within the same movement affects the choice of specific nonviole​​nt strategies. Indeed, nonviolent strategies have varying resource requirements and organizations adapt to competition within their movement by copying each other (diffusion), and by diversifying their strategy choices.​