Welcome to a seminar with three of Afghanistan’s leaders, all prominent in the post-2001 statebuilding process. The speakers have been invited to do a ‘stocktaking’ of opportunities and challenges facing civil society, the parliament and the central government. They will each give their commentary on these three sectors.The seminar will be chaired by Kristian Berg Harpviken, PRIO, with Arne Strand, CMI, as a discussant. This seminar is the second in a series of seminars on Afghanistan organized jointly by PRIO and CMI (Chr. Michelsen Institute).