What is the state of Europe's "humanitarian borders" in 2022? Since Europe began evoking a "refugee crisis" at its external borders in the Mediterranean in 2015, a number of border areas have become sites of humanitarian suffering, of humanitarian assistance to refugees and other migrants, alongside stricter and more complex structures for controlling and preventing unwanted migration.
The concept of humanitarian borders, although not new, became increasingly used by scholars from 2015 onwards, to describe the tensions and mutual relations between efforts to assist and help refugees, and efforts to contain their movement - in short, between efforts to care and control. The humanitarian borders of Europe cover different geographies, and have at different times been found along the Southern borders (in the Mediterranean, on the Greek islands), the Eastern borders (in the freezing forests between Belarus and Poland), in the North (along Norway's border with Russia) and within Europe with the situation in and around Calais and people crossing the English channel, as some of the most well-known examples. Humanitarian borders are at the same time sites of contestation over who should respond and act, between humanitarian organizations, volunteers and the state - where processes of criminalizing help occur as part of processes to control and contain. Finally, Europe's humanitarian borders have become contested sites about who should receive protection and not, and how to receive those who are not entitled to international protection.
In this seminar, concluding the HumBORDER project (2017-2022) we take stock of how humanitarian borders have evolved in and alongside Europe's borders since 2015 and discuss key challenges today, between new and protracted reception sites.
Please see below the tentative workshop programme. For registration email firstname.lastname@example.org, indicating which session you would like to attend, your name and institute affiliation.
12:30-14:00 Introductory Session: Europe`s Humanitarian Borders from 2015 to 2022
What are the humanitarian borders of Europe? How have they evolved since 2015: how are new ones emerging, and protracted reception crises persisting and evolving over time? What take-aways can we make of how different groups of migrants meet quite different (humanitarian) borders on their journeys towards Europe?
In this first introductory session, we provide an overview of the humanitarian borders of Europe, from what the concept entails to how politics and practices of reception are negotiated and reshaped by different actors interacting. A series of short presentations of the various border areas in Europe will follow.
Speakers:Introduction: Humanitarian borders – pertinence and key issues, Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert (PRIO)
Detentions in the UK, Maisie Fitzmaurice (PRIO)
Camps in Greece, Heidi Mogstad (CMI)
Poland’s eastern borders, Anna Ratecka (Jagellionian University)
Search and rescue in the Mediterranean, Trygve Thorson (MSF)
EU research into new border technologies, Lise Endregard Hemat (PRIO)
14:30-16:00 Citizen and grassroots humanitarianism at Europe's borders: A book talk: Conversation with the authors of "Citizen Humanitarianism at European Borders" (edited volume) and "Humanitarian Borders: Unequal mobility and saving lives"
In this session, we will present and discuss two books: First, the authors of the edited volume “Citizen Humanitarianism at European Borders”, Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert and Elisa Pascucci, produced as part of the HumBORDER project in 2021, will introduce the overarching topic of “citizen humanitarianism”, before hearing from the contributors to the volume, including Robin Vandevoordt (University of Ghent) and Kavita Ramakrishnan and Ludek Stavinoha (University of East Anglia). Then, Polly Pallister-Wilkins, author of “Humanitarian Borders: Unequal mobility and saving lives”, published in 2022, will share key insights from her book and in particular perspectives from her chapter on “grassroots humanitarianism”. A discussion with the audience will follow.