Nigerian immigration, human smuggling and trafficking in Europe

Led by Jørgen Carling
Jan 2004 - Jan 2005


This project will produce an overview of A) Nigerian immigration to Europe (including human smuggling, illegal immigration and asylum-related migration), B) Nigerian prostitution and slavery in Europe (including trafficking in persons), and C) The social, cultural and economic contexts of emigration from Nigeria. The linkages between these different phenomena will be emphasized. The principal output from the project will be a state-of-the art report for use by the Norwegian police, and inter-ministerial working group on human trafficking.

The final report was given extensive coverage in Dagsavisen.


Research Groups


Peer-reviewed Journal Article

Carling, Jørgen (2005) Fra Nigeria til Europa: Innvandring, menneskesmugling og menneskehandel [From Nigeria to Europe: Immigration, Human Smuggling and Trafficking in Persons] , Report For the Norwegian Ministry of Justice and the Police .

Non-refereed Journal Article

Carling, Jørgen (2005) Trafficking in Women from Nigeria to Europe , Migration Information Source .

Report - External Series

Carling, Jørgen (2006) Migration, Human Smuggling and Trafficking from Nigeria to Europe, IOM Migration Research Series, 23. : .