Critical Perspectives on Human Smuggling

Led by Jørgen Carling
Jan 2016 - Dec 2016

​Human smuggling plays a critical role in contemporray migration. The vast majority of migrants who seek protection in Europe as asylum seekers depend on smugglers in order to access the asylum system. Smugglers also facilitate unauthorized migration for employment. This project has two components. The first is a mapping of existing data and research on human smuggling in West Africa, carried out in collaboration with the International Organisation for Migration (IOM). The second is a critical analysis of the relationship between states, migrants and smugglers, part of an international scholarly initiative led by Luigi Achilli (European University Institute) and Gabriella Sanchez (University of Texas at El Paso).

Research Groups


Book Chapter

Carling, Jørgen (2016) West and Central Africa, in McAuliffe, Marie; & Frank Laczko, eds, Migrant Smuggling Data and Research: a Global Review of the Emerging Evidence Base. Geneva: International Organization for Migration (25–53).


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