This article explores the uses of organized violence in Somali politics from the late colonial period up to 1980, an era that – on the surface, at least – appears relatively free of political violence compared to both previous and ensuing decades. After considering critical historical and contextual background, the analysis proposes a typology of political violence in Somalia. It then maps the trends in political violence from 1950 to 1980, looking for patterns of continuity and change, and offering possible explanations for these patterns.
Menkhaus, Ken (2014) Calm between the storms? Patterns of political violence in Somalia, 1950–1980, Journal of Eastern African Studies 8 (4): 558–572.