India is a rapidly growing and increasingly globalized economy. Yet, a large part of its population suffers from malnutrition and lack of food. Self-sufficiency in food production has been a key policy goal since India gained its independence. Today, civil society organizations call for implementation of the Right to Food, and the need to address socio-political factors that continue to produce poverty and malnourishment. Supporters of seed sovereignty warn against multinational pressures to use seeds from genetically modified organisms (GMOs), and the risks associated with loss of crop biodiversity as climate variability increases.