In this Op-Ed in Dagbladet, Jørgen Carling and Frida Nome ask the question "who are the human smugglers" and criticize the government's attemps at portraying human smuggling as inherently cynical and abusive. In fact, most asylum seekers are dependent on human smugglers in order to make their claims for asylum. The full text is only available in Norwegian.
Carling, Jørgen & Frida Austvoll Nome (2005) Hvem er menneskesmuglerne? [Who are the Human Smugglers?], Dagbladet (46). 1 February.