Chapter 1 seeks to fill gaps in knowledge of key definitions and Treaty provisions related to transparency, information sharing and diversion. It illustrates the need for transparency and increased effective and cooperative action between ATT stakeholders to prevent and mitigate diversion and provides lessons learned and recommendations that may be helpful to States Parties in implementing Treaty provisions to such an end. To effectively illustrate these challenges and responses, this chapter includes discussions on transparency, information sharing and diversion in the ATT formal process and Treaty text, cooperative action on arms transfer control to tackle diversion, and diversion-prevention and mitigation measures. Because investigating, exploring and analysing cases of diversion can help demonstrate the importance of transparency and information sharing in addressing diversion, this chapter provides a number of illustrative case studies.
Chapter 2 provides an in-depth look at 2018 ATT annual reports. It includes an overall analysis of reporting practices, comparing 2017 and 2018 ATT annual reports The analysis identifies changes in reporting practices and assesses whether inconsistencies and gaps identified in the ATT Monitor analysis of 2017 ATT annual reports were addressed and resolved in 2018 reports.
Chapter 2.2 includes country profiles for each State Party obliged to submit a 2018 ATT annual report. Each profile provides data on key reporting practice metrics (public reporting, timely reporting, withholding security information), as well as a summary of good reporting practices and areas for improvement. The profiles also contain a summary of transfers reported by each State Party, focusing on basic comparable information such as number and status of export/import partners, and highlighting the largest transfers reported by that State Party in 2018.
Chapter 2.3 seeks to provide information presented by States Parties in a manner that allows for better comparison across ATT annual reports, including tables that show reporting practices by each State Party obliged to submit a 2018 annual report. By providing easily accessible and comparable information detailing decisions made by each State Party in regard to the way it reports exports and imports, it becomes easier to untangle the varied reporting practices and, in turn, provide more context and understanding of global arms transfers.
Chapter 3.1 includes a summary assessment of 2019 annual reports submitted on or before the reporting deadline. It is anticipated that more States Parties will submit their report in the window between the legal deadline and the beginning of CSP6. As such, this analysis will be further expanded in next year’s ATT Monitor report.
Chapter 3.2 includes a summary assessment of initial reports and updates to them submitted by States Parties as of June 2020. From this assessment comes an analysis of reporting non-compliance, highlighting challenges States Parties face in fulfilling reporting obligations and the efforts of the WGTR and ATT Secretariat to address them.