This article presents the first comprehensive collation of available information on China’s provision of security force assistance (SFA) to African countries over the last two decades. While China is engaged in donating arms, military equipment, and training abroad, knowledge of the nature of its SFA pro- grammes has been at best fragmented and partial. In this article, we fill this gap by outlining China’s stated rationale for providing SFA, the level of funding, which states received it, and what they re- ceived. We contextualize our analysis in light of current debates over China’s rise and great power competition, as well as its broader engagement in African security. Based on our original data, we argue that in providing SFA to most African states, China aims to strengthen long-term relations and protect its economic interests. While we find no evidence that China is attempting to supplant the US and other providers’ role in Africa, we point to some unintended consequences.
Carrozza, Ilaria & Nicholas Marsh (2022) Great Power Competition and China’s Security Assistance to Africa: Arms, Training, and Influence, Journal of Global Security Studies 7 (4): 1–22.