In September 2015, the international community agreed on 17 new Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) as part of the new sustainable development agenda. This current perspective article discusses development cooperation under the new SDG agenda with a special focus on Norway's efforts. It provides background on the governance system for development cooperation, discusses particular issues and topics present policy focuses on, and strategies and policies for achieving the SDG agenda both, for Norway, at-home and abroad. The role of education as a core part of development cooperation is highlighted and discussed throughout. A recurring theme is the role of conflict, stability, and fragility for Norwegian development cooperation in particular. As discussed, Norway has a long-standing tradition of involvement in peacebuilding across the globe. The explicit link made by the new SDG agenda between peace and justice, through SDG 16, and the other goals brings the UN's priorities in line with what has been a guiding principle for Norwegian development cooperation for several decades already.