English, German, Norwegian, Russian
2007- Special Advisor on Strategy and Development, Centre for the Study of Civil War, PRIO
2002-6: Chief Administrator, Centre for the Study of Civil War, PRIO.
1998-2003: Project Development and Grant Specialist, PRIO
1992-98: Assistant Director, Center for Russian and East European Studies, University of Pittsburgh
1990-92: Assistant Director, International Business Center, University of Pittburgh
1988-90: Program Officer for International Security Studies, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Cambridge, Massachusetts
1979-87: Editor/Translator, Radio Liberty Research Bulletin, Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Munich
1978 MA in Slavic Languages and Literatures, Indiana University, USA.
1976 BA in German and Russian, Oberlin College, Ohio, USA.
1978-79 Graduate scholarship, Freie Universität Berlin
1975-76 Undergraduate scholarship, Leningrad State University
1975 Undergraduate scholarship, Universität Heidelberg