Inclusion, Dispersion, and Constraint: Powersharing in the World’s States, 1975–2010

Peer-reviewed Journal Article

Strøm, Kaare; Scott Gates; Benjamin Graham & Håvard Strand (2017) Inclusion, Dispersion, and Constraint: Powersharing in the World’s States, 1975–2010, British Journal of Political Science 47(1): 165–185.

​Arrangements for sharing political power serve three purposes: to give all relevant groups access to important political decisions; to partition the policy process, thereby granting groups relevant autonomy; and to constrain holders of political power from abusing authority. A new global dataset of political power sharing institutions, 1975–2010, is introduced here, disaggregated these along three institutional dimensions: inclusive, dispersive, and constraining. Existing literature associates power sharing with democracy and civil conflict resolution. Unlike the existing literature, this dataset shows inclusive institutions are common in post-conflict states, though least strongly associated with electoral democracy. Conversely, constraining institutions, though comparatively rare in states with current or recent civil conflicts, are highly correlated with electoral democracy.

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Authors

Kaare Strøm

Kaare Strøm

Professor of Political Science, University of California, San Diego

Scott Gates

Scott Gates

Research Professor. Editor, International Area Studies Review

Håvard Strand

Håvard Strand

Senior Researcher