Effective Non-Violence? Resistance Strategies and Political Outcomes

Led by Kristian Skrede Gleditsch

Jan 2012 – Dec 2015


The project seeks to understand the conditions that foster the use of non-violent as opposed to violent tactics, focusing on the interaction between specific characteristics of different organizations, their constituencies, the state, and external actors. It will examine

  • why organizations seeking political change choose specific tactics
  • when non-violent actors can be an effective force for political dissent
  • how decisions to use violence or non-violent means affect the strategic interaction between the state and opposition groups
  • whether non-violent movements tend to involve specific types of actors and interests compared to violent organizations
  • how states and international actors can prevent conflicts from escalating to violence
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