Bernauer, Thomas; Tobias Böhmelt; Halvard Buhaug; Nils Petter Gleditsch; Theresa Tribaldos; Eivind Berg Weibust & Gerdis Wischnath (2012) Water-Related Intrastate Conflict and Cooperation (WARICC): A New Event Dataset, International Interactions 38(4): 529–545.
Water scarcity is widely regarded as a key factor linking climate variability and change with conflict. However, existing research on the water-conflict nexus is hampered by poor data that inhibits drawing firm conclusions on the role of water in shaping societal stability and security. This article reports on the construction of a new dataset on subnational and georeferenced events over domestic water-related cooperation and conflict for 35 countries in the Mediterranean, the Middle East, and the Sahel for 1997–2009. The main value of this dataset is in its precision. Its key component, the Water Events Scale (WES), records the exact time, location, and intensity of water-related conflictive and cooperative events, as well as the actors involved. A few descriptive statistics and illustrations serve to demonstrate the usefulness of the new dataset for quantitative analyses of intrastate conflict and cooperation over water resources.
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Research Professor at PRIO; Professor of Political Science, NTNU
Research Professor; Professor Emeritus of Political Science, NTNU
The Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO) conducts research on the conditions for peaceful relations between states, groups and people.