Thursday, 10 Nov 2022
The world is falling miserably short of reducing carbon emissions in line with the Paris Agreement, a 2015 treaty to keep global warming well below 2℃. The results of this failure are a greater increase in the prevalence and severity of extreme weather events, more rapid sea-level rises and an elevated ...
By Halvard Buhaug in the Conversation
Halvard Buhaug is Research Professor at the Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO); Professor of Political Science at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU); and Associate Editor of Journal of Peace Research. He leads and has directed a number of research projects on security dimensions of climate change and geographic aspects of armed conflict, funded by the European Union, the World Bank, the US Department of Defense, the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, and the Research Council of Norway. Recent publications include the award-winning, co-authored Inequality, Grievances, and Civil War (Cambridge University Press 2013) and journal articles in, inter alia, Environmental Research Letters, Global Environmental Change, Journal of Politics, Nature, and PNAS. He is the recipient of the 2015 Karl Deutsch Award; former holder of an ERC Consolidator Grant; and chapter Lead Author in the UN IPCC Sixth Assessment Report.
For more information, visit my personal web page: www.hbuhaug.com
Popular Article in the Conversation
Journal Article in Journal of Peace Research
Book Chapter in Climate Change 2022: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Sixth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
Journal Article in Global Environmental Change
Journal Article in Environmental Research Letters
Journal Article in Journal of Politics
Journal Article in World Development
Journal Article in Annual Review of Environment and Resources
Journal Article in Democratization
Journal Article in WIREs Climate Change
Research Professor Halvard Buhaug has been awarded an Advanced Grant by the European Research Council (ERC) for the project "POLIMPACT: Enabling Politically Sensitive Climate Change Impact Assessments for the 21st Century".
Every year, JPR publishes special issues on topics of high relevance to the field of peace research, and we are now soliciting proposals for the 2024 special issue. We welcome issues on topics that significantly advance the research frontier of the field, with a focus on causes and consequences of violence, conflict prevention and resolution, and nonviolent action.
Yesterday, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) released the second part of its Sixth Assessment Report. PRIO Research Professor Halvard Buhaug, who is a chapter lead author, presented findings at the Norwegian launch of the report.
We invite submissions of abstracts for a proposed session at the 19th IMISCOE Annual Conference in Oslo, on migrant-host interactions in the Global South.
Today, 3 December 2021, Ida Rudolfsen has successfully defended her doctoral thesis at the Department of Peace and Conflict Research, Uppsala University. Her thesis is titled Fighting For Food? Investigating Food Insecurity as a
Source of Urban Unrest.
Congratulations to Ida!
In a new study published in Nature Communications, PRIO researchers use a machine-learning analysis framework to identify leading predictors of contemporary asylum migration to the European Union. The study finds little evidence that climatic shocks or deteriorating economic conditions predict near-future arrivals of asylum seekers in Europe, contrasting commonly held notions of economy- and climate-driven asylum migrants. Instead, indicators capturing levels of political violence and violations of physical integrity rights in countries of origin are important predictors of asylum migration flows, suggesting that migrants are continuing to use the asylum system as intended – i.e., to seek international protection from a well-founded fear of persecution – despite the fact that most applicants ultimately are rejected refugee status. The article is a product of the ERC-funded CLIMSEC project and is published as open access.
Schutte, Sebastian; Jonas Vestby, Jørgen Carling &
Halvard Buhaug (2021) Climatic
conditions are weak predictors of asylum migration, Nature Communications 12:
An article presenting a new global dataset of geocoded disaster locations has just been published in the Nature journal Scientific Data. The dataset, containing spatial geometry of nearly 40,000 unique locations of natural hazard-related disasters worldwide between 1960 and 2018, are posted in NASA's Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center's (SEDAC) data repository in collaboration with the Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN), Columbia University. These data allow users of the EM-DAT disater database for the first time to map and analyse disasters at subnational levels. The data collection was a central part of Elisabeth Lio Rosvold's now-concluded doctoral project and is a product of the CLIMSEC project.
Read the article (open access) here.
The Journal of Peace
Research has just published a new special issue on ‘Security implications
of climate change’ (January 2021), guest edited by Nina von Uexkull and Halvard
Buhaug. The special issue contains 12 original research articles and viewpoint
essays, supplemented by an introductory
article by the guest editors that presents a review the state of the art.
This is the second time JPR dedicates a special issue to climate change
and conflict; the first
time was in 2012, edited by Nils Petter Gleditsch. The new issue represents
the most up-to-date collection of studies on the subject. Several articles,
including the introduction, are available as open access.
Read the special issue here.
Next Tuesday December 8th at 14.00 CET (Oslo time) we will have the PRIO Annual Peace Address, this time with young peacebuilders Hajer Sharief and Ilwad Elman.
On this occasion we wanted to highlight projects and research that focus on youth activism. We're sharing our work on young engagement in political change, because social movements that turn into positive societal transformation are not only initiated by people in power, but very often are initiated or inspired by youth trying to improve their communities. Here are some of the projects showing the importance of youth in peacebuilding.