Both genders – female and male – can be
actors as well as victims in armed conflict, depending on the context.
Changed gender roles among ex-combatants of armed groups constitute a
potential source of change towards more balanced gender relations in
the larger postconflict society.
It is necessary to take into account the particular needs of victims of
armed conflict, but it is equally important to bear in mind that female
and male conflict actors also represent resources that bring their new skills and experiences into the post-conflict situation.