The aim of this research project is to conduct a bottom up investigation of collective action at transformative moments in Somalia's and Somaliand's recent history. It has a specific focus towards the day-to-day acts of ordinary people when they challenge injustices and exclusion in oppressive settings during and after war.
The project focuses on a case of professionals, mainly doctors and teachers, who restored a hospital as resistance. They were arrested and faced death sentences. At their trial, students started to protest to save their lives. These events mark the beginning of the the resistance in Northern Somalia (today's Somaliland).
The project asks: How can we explain that people mobilize to help their community in oppressive and conflict settings? How does such initiatives transform societies?
KEY WORDS: collective action, civil resistance, repression, social movements, societal transformation, responsibility to act