Cindy Horst is Research Professor in Migration and Refugee Studies at the Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO). Her current research interests include: mobility in conflict; diaspora; humanitarianism; refugee protection; transnational civic engagement; and theorizing on societal transformation. She is particularly interested in methodological innovations that allow for critical and ethically conscious research engagement, through shared anthropology and multi-sited ethnography. Cindy is the author of Transnational Nomads: How Somalis cope with refugee life in the Dadaab camps of Kenya (Berghahn 2006). Her most recent publications include 'Governing mobility through humanitarianism in South-central Somalia' (Development and Change 2016) with Anab Nur, 'Migrants as agents of development: European diaspora engagement discourse and the essentialisation of diaspora roots'. (Ethnicities 2015) with Giulia Sinatti and 'Flight and Exile. Uncertainty in the Context of Conflict-induced displacement (Social Analysis 2015) with Katarzyna Grabska.
Research Areas of Interest:
* Active citizenship
* Mobility and transnationalism affecting (national) identities
* The impact of transnationalism on (post-)conflict situations
* Interactions between refugees and the refugee regime
* Refugee Livelihoods
* Diaspora Engagements
* Ethical and Methodological challenges of fieldwork in conflict situations
Dutch (mother tongue), English (fluent), Norwegian (good), German, (intermediate), French (basic), Somali (basic),
Moderator of the Refugee Livelihoods Network, UNHCR
Researcher and Lecturer on forced migration, University of Amsterdam
2003: PhD in Social Sciences on migration and transnationalism among Somalis, University of Amsterdam
1997: Foundation Course on Forced Migration, Centre for Refugee Studies, Oxford University
1996: MA in Cultural & Social Anthropology, Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen
Posted by Cindy Horst on Monday, 30 November 2015
The Somali conflict has affected Somali citizens inside and outside the Somali region for over 25 years. While Somaliland and Puntland have enjoyed relative stability for more than two decades, conditions are much more fragile in south-central Somalia, and residents in many parts of the Somali region face considerable levels of insecurity still. In late 2012, however, the first permanent central government since the start of the civil war was installed in Mogadishu. This increased expectations that south-central Somalia is transitioning towards greater stability and created hope amongst the Somali diaspora. Since 2011-2012, the number of people returning to south-central ...
Posted by Cindy Horst on Thursday, 18 June 2015
In most post-conflict contexts, returning diaspora members contribute to reconstruction efforts; including through investments in businesses. While many invest in traditional ventures, others introduce new ideas for entrepreneurship. In Somalia, diaspora businesses are visible and valued; especially for their development and peacebuilding potential. The conflict has affected Somali citizens inside and outside the Somali region for over 25 years. With the cautious optimism about developments in south-central Somalia in the last few years, however, we see the number of people returning to the region increasing considerably. Full daily flights into Mogadishu offered by Turkish Airlines attest to this. Returning for ...
Posted by Cindy Horst & Tove Heggli Sagmo on Monday, 4 May 2015
Humanitarianism and Return: Compromising Protection In many contexts around the world, states use funding for humanitarian programming as an active part of their attempts to manage populations displaced by conflict. Humanitarian aid to refugees and internally displaced is commonly understood as a temporary activity that ends when people will return home. Yet returnees can often not be provided with protection and ‘return’ for many entails a first encounter with a new place. In a recent policy brief we argue that humanitarian organizations have the responsibility to analyze the long-term security implications of their decisions on where to provide aid. Return ...
Posted by Cindy Horst & Maimuna Mohamud on Wednesday, 22 April 2015
Should the EU cooperate with regional states to manage and control migration from the Horn of Africa? Proponents of greater migration control within the EU increasingly favor the use of political and economic incentives as an approach to prevent migration from the Horn of Africa and elsewhere, effectively through increasingly externalizing border control. While the unfolding humanitarian disaster in the Mediterranean shows the urgency of finding creative solutions, we argue that the solution does not lie in cooperating with states that create refugees or cannot guarantee to uphold the non-refoulement principle that EU countries have signed up for in the ...
Posted by Cindy Horst & Maimuna Mohamud on Tuesday, 21 April 2015
The humanitarian crisis in the Mediterranean, with staggering high numbers of deaths of asylum seekers and migrants attempting to cross by sea, shows the urgency of an alternative approach to Europe’s current border policies. Across the EU, mounting internal political pressures have intensified debates about migration and asylum, encouraging policies devised to restrict and control asylum and migration. These policies do not prevent people – many of whom originate from the Horn of Africa – from trying to cross the Mediterranean. In 2014, Eritreans composed the second largest migrant group to Europe, after the Syrians, reaching 34,320 according to the ...