This report focuses on dual-use artificial intelligence (AI) technology as a central element in the current great power competition. It examines advances in developing and regulating dual-use AI technology in China, the European Union and the United States, and it considers the strategic implications of these developments for the balance of power. It concludes that while in the future no single power will emerge entirely unchallenged in the technological realm, countries need to make strategic choices that take into account both the opportunities and the risks associated with emerging technologies and their military applications.
Carrozza, Ilaria; Nicholas Marsh & Gregory M. Reichberg (2022) Dual-Use AI Technology in China, the US and the EU: Strategic Implications for the Balance of Power. PRIO Paper. Oslo: PRIO.