Military ethics, artificial intelligence, religion and politics
By Gregory M. Reichberg, Henrik Syse, Kirsi Marjaana Helkala, James Cook, George R. Lucas Jr. & Frank Pasquale
Tuesday, 3 Jan 2023
The lessons an ancient Greek war can teach Ukraine today. Ukraine is confronted with a stark choice: fight on through a bitter winter with death raining from above, or initiate negotiations with Russia under unfavorable terms. Two-and-a-half millennia ago, the leaders of the Greek island of Melos confronted a similar ...
Gregory M. Reichberg is Research Professor at the Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO).
He leads Warring with Machines: Military Applications of Artificial Intelligence and the Relevance of Virtue Ethics, a four-year project funded by the Research Council of Norway's Research Programme on the Cultural Conditions Underlying Social Change (SAMKUL).
His writings include a monograph Thomas Aquinas on War and Peace (Cambridge University Press, 2017), named an "Outstanding Academic Title 2017" by Choice magazine.
He has also published several co-edited volumes, including Robotics, AI, and Humanity: Science, Ethics, and Policy (Springer, 2021); Religion, War, and Ethics: A Sourcebook of Textual Traditions (Cambridge University Press, 2014); World Religions and Norms of War (United Nations University Press, 2009); and The Ethics of War: Classic and Contemporary Readings (Blackwell Publishing, 2006).
His recent publications include a co-authored book chapter "AI in Cyber Operations: Ethical and Legal Considerations for End-Users (in Artificial Intelligence and Cybersecurity, Springer, forthcoming); "Applying AI on the Battlefield: The Ethical Debates" (with Henrik Syse), in Robotics, AI, and Humanity (Springer, 2021); and "Scholastic Arguments for and against Religious Freedom," (inThe Thomist, 2020).
From 2012-2020 he headed the Oslo-based Research School on Peace and Conflict, and from 2009-2012 he was director of the PRIO Cyprus Centre in Nicosia, where he coordinated research and dialogue activities on the search for a political settlement to the island's division.
In 2021 he was appointed consultor to the Holy See's Dicastery for Promoting Integral Human Development, headquartered in Vatican City. His contribution focuses on disarmament, the ethical implications of new military technologies, and broader issues of war and peace.
Book Chapter in Artificial Intelligence and Cybersecurity: Theory and Applications
FAIR Case Brief
Journal Article in La Revue Thomiste
Report - External Series
Book Chapter in Robotics, AI, and Humanity: Science, Ethics, and Policy
Journal Article in The Thomist: a Speculative Quarterly Review
Book Chapter in A Cultural History of Peace in the Medieval Age, 800-1450
Journal Article in Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association
This FAIR Case Brief examines the role of threats and sanctions between the key parties and how they
impacted on trust between the various sides as
well as on perceptions of fairness in the negotiations.
The PRIO project “On Fair Terms: The Ethics of Peace Negotiations and Mediation” (FAIR) organized a workshop in Cyprus in partnership with the PRIO Cyprus Centre, PRIO Middle East Centre, and the PRIO Centre on Gender, Peace and Security, 19-21 October.
A select group of philosophers recently gathered to discuss the ethics of artificial intelligence.
PRIO Research Professor Greg Reichberg spoke at a Vatican conference on "The Family as Relational Good".
The NORM project ('Shaping the Digital World Order: Norms and Agency along the Digital Silk Road in Southeast Asia') was officially launched with a kick-off meeting on 4 May.
PRIO researchers Greg Reichberg and Henrik Syse spoke last week at the United States Naval Academy's annual McCain Conference on military ethics.
The Warring with Machines Project co-organized a conference with PRIO Global Fellow Kaushik Roy of Jadavpur University in Kolkata. The conference was titled "AI and the Transformation of Warfare: Perspectives from South Asia and Beyond."
On 9-10 September 2021, around 20 researchers met for a hybrid online-offline workshop to share their research on specific cases of ethical issues in peace negotiations and mediation. The workshop was part of the PRIO project 'On Fair Terms: The Ethics of Peace Negotiations and Mediation' (FAIR) and included both PRIO researchers and researchers from across the world.
Last January, Pope Francis appointed Greg Reichberg as consultor to the Holy See's Dicastery for Promoting Integral Human Development.
The NORM project aims at finding out how China’s Digital Silk Road shapes the digital world order and its norms, and the agency that recipient developing countries exercise in response. This is one out of five PRIO projects that today have received funding from the Research Council of Norway.