Important questions that will be addressed include:
- Why do organizations seeking political change choose specific tactics?
- Which is more effective as a force for change, violent or nonviolent resistance?
- Do different organizations choose different strategies?
- Do nonviolent movements tend to involve specific types of actors and interests compared to violent ones?
- How are the strategic dynamics of conflict between the state and the opposition affected by whether the two choose to apply violent or nonviolent means?
- How can states and international actors prevent disputes from becoming violent?
The conference will be chaired by Kristian Skrede Gleditsch, Professor in the Department of Government at the University of Essex and Research Professor at PRIO, and Scott Gates, Professor in the Department of Political Science at the University of Oslo and Research Professor at PRIO.
This policy event is held in connection with the concluding part of a RCN funded research project at PRIO: Effective Non-Violence? Resistance Strategies and Political Outcomes.
About the main speaker
Srdja Popovic is one of the founders and key organizers of the Serbian nonviolent resistance group Otpor! that successfully overthrew Serbian president Slobodan Milosevic. They ended Milosevic's rule in October 2000 as hundreds of thousands of protestors gathered and overtook the Serbian Parliament. Following the revolution, Popovic served a term as a member of the Serbian National Assembly. In 2003, Popovic and other ex-Otpor! activists started the nonprofit educational institution the Centre for Applied Nonviolent Action and Strategies (CANVAS). CANVAS has worked with activists from 46 different countries, spreading knowledge of the nonviolent strategies and tactics used by Otpor! worldwide. Apart from being nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize in 2012, Popovic has been listed as one of the "Top 100 Global Thinkers" of 2011 by the Foreign Policy Magazine. In 2014 he was listed as a "Young Global Leader" by the World Economic Forum in Davos. Popovic is also the author of the recent book Blueprint for Revolution.
For more information: http://canvasopedia.org/
About the panelists
Charles Butcher is a Leif Onsager fellow and associate professor of political science at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology. His general research interests include the dynamics of conflict, and his current research focuses on the role of labor unions in non-violent struggles and their ability to maximize participation and leverage.
For more information: https://www.ntnu.edu/employees/charles.butcher
Fredrik Heldal is the Director of the Norwegian Peace Association, and works, among other things, on Norwegian arms exports, autonomous weapon systems and drones. He has a degree in modern history from the University of Bergen and has worked on conflict management and human rights related issues in Nepal, Argentina and the Philippines.
For more information: http://fredslaget.no/nyheter/2015/fredslaget-har-f%C3%A5tt-ny-daglig-leder
Hans Morten Haugen is a Professor at the Faculty of Theology, Diakonia and Leadership at VID Specialized University. His research focuses on WTO Law and environmental Law, Human Rights, International Law, and Church and Social Ethics. He is the author of Kampen om Utviklingen (Cappelen Damm, 2016). He has also been a contributor to the Norwegian magazine Ikkevold (Nonviolence).
For more information: http://www.diakonhjemmet.no/DHS/Om-oss/Ansattsoek/Hans-Morten-Haugen
Shabana Rehman is a Norwegian stand-up comedian, writer, speaker, and activist, who is renowned in Norway for her controversial and popular comedy style including public political stunts like Mullah-lifting and featuring bodypainted with the Norwegian flag in the newspaper Dagbladet. She is also a Communications Advisor in NOAH and a regular columnist in publications such as Aftenposten, Dagbladet and nrk.no.
For more information: http://shabana.no/blog/
Torkel Brekke is a Professor of History of Religion at the University of Oslo and Deputy Director at PRIO. He is also engaged with the liberal think-tank Civita, where he is responsible for the "Civita Academy" seminar series. His publications include Fundamentalism. Prophecy and Protest in an Age of Globalization (Cambridge University Press 2012) and the edited volume The Ethics of War in Asian Civilization (Routledge Curzon 2005). His recent research has focused on religious fundamentalism, religion in the military and the ethics of war across cultures.
For more information: https://www.prio.org/People/Person/?x=6816
10:30-10:45: Welcome and introductory remarks
Kristian Skrede Gleditsch & Scott Gates
10:45-12:00: Plenary lecture and discussion
Srdja Popovic, Center for Applied Nonviolent Action & Strategies (CANVAS)
Moderator: David Cunningham
12:45-13:35: Presentations of policy briefs
13:35-14:20: Roundtable with panelists
Panelists: Charles Butcher, Hans Morten Haugen, Shabana Rehman, Fredrik
Heldal & Torkel Brekke
Moderator: Scott Gates
14:20-14:30: Concluding remarks
Kristian Skrede Gleditsch & Torkel Brekke