Effective Non-Violence? Resistance Strategies and Political Outcomes

Led by Kristian Skrede Gleditsch
Jan 2012 - Dec 2015

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​The project seeks to understand the conditions that foster the use of non-violent as opposed to violent tactics, focusing on the interaction between specific characteristics of different organizations, their constituencies, the state, and external actors. It will examine

  • why organizations seeking political change choose specific tactics
  • when non-violent actors can be an effective force for political dissent
  • how decisions to use violence or non-violent means affect the strategic interaction between the state and opposition groups
  • whether non-violent movements tend to involve specific types of actors and interests compared to violent organizations
  • how states and international actors can prevent conflicts from escalating to violence​

Publications

Peer-reviewed Journal Article

Strøm, Kaare; Scott Gates; Benjamin Graham & Håvard Strand (2017) Inclusion, Dispersion, and Constraint: Powersharing in the World’s States, 1975–2010, British Journal of Political Science 47(1): 165–185.
Cunningham, David; Kristian Skrede Gleditsch; Belen Gonzalez; Dragana Vidovic & Peter B. White (2017) Words and Deeds: From Incompatibilities to Outcomes in Anti-Government Disputes, Journal of Peace Research 54(4): 468–483.
Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede & Mauricio Rivera Celestino (2017) The Diffusion of Nonviolent Campaigns, Journal of Conflict Resolution 61(5): 1120–1145.
Bove, Vincenzo; Kristian Skrede Gleditsch & Petros Sekeris (2016) Oil above Water: Economic Interdependence and Third-Party Intervention, Journal of Conflict Resolution 60(7): 1251–1277.
White, Peter B.; Dragana Vidovic; Belén González; Kristian Skrede Gleditsch & David Cunningham (2015) Nonviolence as a Weapon of the Resourceful: From Claims to Tactics in Mobilization, Mobilization 20(4): 471–491.
Beardsley, Kyle; David Cunningham & Peter B. White (2015) Resolving Civil Wars before They Start: The UN Security Council and Conflict Prevention in Self-Determination Disputes, British Journal of Political Science. DOI: 10.1017/S0007123415000307: 1–23.
Day, Joel; Jonathan Pinckney & Erica Chenoweth (2015) Collecting data on nonviolent action: Lessons learned and ways forward, Journal of Peace Research 52(1): 129–133.
Gates, Scott & Sukanya Podder (2015) Social Media, Recruitment, Allegiance and the Islamic State, Perspectives on Terrorism 9(4).
Chenoweth, Erica & Kurt Schock (2015) Do Contemporaneous Armed Challenges Affect the Outcomes of Mass Nonviolent Campaigns?, Mobilization 20(4): 427–451.
Chenoweth, Erica & Jay Ulfelder (2015) Can Structural Conditions Explain the Onset of Nonviolent Uprisings?, Journal of Conflict Resolution 61(2): 298–324.
Beardsley, Kyle; Kristian Skrede Gleditsch & Nigel Lo (2015) Roving Bandits? The Geographical Evolution of African Armed Conflicts, International Studies Quarterly 59(3): 503–516.
Beardsley, Kyle & Kristian Skrede Gleditsch (2015) Peacekeeping as Conflict Containment, International Studies Review 17(1): 67–89.
Asal, Victor; Ken Cousins & Kristian Skrede Gleditsch (2015) Making Ends Meet: Combining Organizational Data in Contentious Politics, Journal of Peace Research 52(1): 134–138.
Chenoweth, Erica & Maria J. Stephan (2014) Drop Your Weapons: When and Why Civil Resistance Works, Foreign Affairs 93(4).
Chenoweth, Erica & Stephen Zunes (2014) A Nonviolent Alternative for Ukraine, Foreign Policy.
Chenoweth, Erica (2014) Civil Resistance: Reflections on an Idea Whose Time Has Come, Global Governance: a Review of Multilateralism and International Organizations 20(3): 351–358.
Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede & Steve Pickering (2014) Wars are becoming less frequent: a response to Harrison and Wolf, The Economic History Review 67(1): 214–230.
Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede; Nils W. Metternich & Andrea Ruggeri (2014) Data and progress in peace and conflict research, Journal of Peace Research 51(2): 301–314.
Clayton, Govinda & Kristian Skrede Gleditsch (2014) Will we see helping hands? Predicting civil war mediation and likely success, Conflict Management and Peace Science 31(3): 265–284.
Chenoweth, Erica (2013) The Dissident's Toolkit, Foreign Policy.
Celestino, Mauricio Rivera & Kristian Skrede Gleditsch (2013) Fresh carnations or all thorn, no rose? Nonviolent campaigns and transitions in autocracies, Journal of Peace Research 50(3): 385–400.
Chenoweth, Erica & Orion A. Lewis (2013) Unpacking nonviolent campaigns: Introducing the NAVCO 2.0 dataset, Journal of Peace Research 50(3): 415–423.
Cunningham, Kathleen Gallagher (2013) Understanding strategic choice: The determinants of civil war and nonviolent campaign in self-determination disputes, Journal of Peace Research 50(3): 291–304.
Chenoweth, Erica & Kathleen Gallagher Cunningham (2013) Understanding nonviolent resistance: An introduction, Journal of Peace Research 50(3): 271–276.
Cunningham, Kathleen Gallagher (2013) Actor Fragmentation and Civil War Bargaining: How Internal Divisions Generate Civil Conflict, American Journal of Political Science 57(3): 659–672.

Monograph

Cunningham, Kathleen Gallagher (2014) Inside the Politics of Self-Determination. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

PRIO Policy Brief

Gates, Scott; Marianne Dahl & Håvard Mokleiv Nygård (2016) Standing Idly by during the Revolution, PRIO Policy Brief, 15. Oslo: PRIO.
Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede & Mauricio Rivera Celestino (2016) Non-Violence and Democratization, PRIO Policy Brief, 16. Oslo: PRIO.
Beardsley, Kyle; David Cunningham & Peter B. White (2016) The United Nations and Conflict Prevention, PRIO Policy Brief, 17. Oslo: PRIO.
Dahl, Marianne (2016) Military Defection, PRIO Policy Brief, 18. Oslo: PRIO.
Chenoweth, Erica (2016) The Rise of Nonviolent Resistance, PRIO Policy Brief, 19. Oslo: PRIO.
Cunningham, Kathleen Gallagher; Marianne Dahl & Anne Frugé (2016) Diversification and Diffusion, PRIO Policy Brief, 20. Oslo: PRIO.
Cunningham, David; Belén González; Kristian Skrede Gleditsch; Dragana Vidović & Peter B. White (2016) Violence and Non-Violence in Anti-Government Mobilization, PRIO Policy Brief, 21. Oslo: PRIO.

Projects

Related pages