In 2019, there were 54 active armed conflicts in the world, up from 52 in 2018 and matching the post–Cold War peak in 2016. Yet, the number of recorded casualties in 2019 – at about 51,000 – were only half of the 2016 level. At the same time, the number of countries affected by armed conflict is very high, and at par with the numbers in 1991 and 2016.
Strand, Håvard; Siri Aas Rustad; Håvard Mokleiv Nygård & Håvard Hegre (2020) Trends in Armed Conflict, 1946–2019, Conflict Trends, 8. Oslo: PRIO.