Kristian Berg Harpviken

PRIO Director

Kristian Berg Harpviken
Work phone: +47 22 54 77 78
Mobile phone: +47 920 61 861
Twitter: @harpviken

Research Interests

​​ Transnational mobilization and civil war
War-related migration and social networks
 Regional (in-)security
 Peacebuilding and peacemaking
 Methodology in contexts of crisis and conflict
​ Geographical focus on Afghanistan and its neighborhood



Norwegian, English; basic French and German

Work exp​​erience

2009– Director, PRIO
​2008​Guest Researcher, Institute for International Migration (ISIM), Georgetown University
​2007–​Associate Fellow, Post-War Reconstruction and Development Unit (PRDU), University of York
2005–09  Deputy Director, PRIO
2004–05Programme Leader, Conflict Resolution and Peacebuilding (CRPB) programme, PRIO
1999–Senior Researcher, PRIO
1999–06Project Leader, 'Assistance to Mine-Affected Communities (AMAC)'
​1998​Guest researcher (Fulbright Scholar), Department of Sociolocy, University of Chicago
1997–03Research Fellow, Department of Sociology and Human geography, University of Oslo. 
Project: 'Flight and Social Decision-Making: Forced Migration in Afghanistan'
1995–97Research Fellow, PRIO.
Project: 'Common Security in Southern Africa' (17 months)
1990–92Director and Agricultural Coordinator, Norwegian Afghanistan Committee (NAC), Peshawar, Pakistan
1989Conscientious Objector, Norwegian Afghanistan Committee (NAC), Oslo
1983–88Farmer, Harpviken Farm, Brumunddal
1982Military Service
1981–93Farm work, Nedre Berg Farm, Brøttum


​2015–​Board member, Division for Society and Health, Research Council of Norway​
​2015–16​Member of Norwegian Commission of Inquiry on Norway’s civilian and military involvement in Afghanistan during the period 2001–2014
​2014–​Governing Board member, Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Education for Peace and Sustainable Development​ (MGIEP), New Delhi
​2014–​​International Board member, Bonn International Center for Conversion (BICC)
2013–Advisory Board member, Norwegian Polytechnic Society
2012–  Board of Trustees member, the Oslo Center for Peace and Human Rights
2012–Advisory Board member, Business for Peace Foundation
​2012–​Editorial Board member, Politics and Governance (Open Access journal)
2011–Scientific Advisory Council member, Finnish Institute of International Affairs (FIIA)
2010–14 Programme Council member for the MA programme in Peace and Conflict Studies (PECOS), University of Oslo
​2007–​Editorial Board member, Comparative Social Research​ (yearbook published by Emerald)
2006–09 Member of the National Committee for Research Ethics in the Social Sciences and the Humanities (Norway)


2006PhD in Sociology, University of Oslo [Dissertation]
1993–95  Cand. Polit (M.Phil.) in Sociology, University of Oslo [Dissertation]
1991​–93Development Studies, University of Uppsala
1987–89Cand. Mag, University of Oslo
1984–86Management studies, Norwegian School of Management, Gjøvik
1982–83Agriculturalist, Staup School of Gardening, Levanger

Research Groups

Full member:
Associated member:

PRIO Departments


PRIO Projects



PRIO started tracking events online in 2007. This listing is not complete. Past events may be mentioned in our news archive.


Recent publications

All publications

Peer-reviewed Journal Article

Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2014) Split Return: Transnational Household Strategies in Afghan Repatriation, International Migration 52(6): 57–71.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2012) The Transnationalization of the Taliban, International Area Studies Review15(3): 203–229.
Mjøset, Lars;Butenschøn, Nils; & Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2012) USA og det utvidede Midtøsten - et hovedspenningsfelt i verdenspolitikken [USA and the Wider Middle East – a Main Field of Global Political Tension], Vardøger 33(1): 120–182.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg & Inger Skjelsbæk (2010) Tilslørt fredspolitikk [Blurred Peace Policy], Nytt Norsk Tidsskrift 27(4): 379–388.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2010) Caught in the Middle: Regional Perspectives on Afghanistan, Comparative Social Research 27: 277–305.
Baev, Pavel K. (2010) Re-examining the 'Colour Revolutions': The Turn of the Tide from Belgrade to Ulan Bator, Comparative Social Research 27249–276.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg;Kjellman, Kjell Erling;Millard, Ananda S.; & Strand, Arne (2003) Acting as One? Co-ordinating responses to the landmine problem , Third World Quarterly 24(5): 855–871.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg; Ananda S. Millard; Kjell Erling Kjellman & Bernt Skåra (2003) Measures for Mines: Approaches to Impact Assessment in Humanitarian Mine Action, Third World Quarterly 24(5): 889–908.
Suhrke, Astri;Harpviken, Kristian Berg; & Strand, Arne (2002) After Bonn: Conflictual Peacebuilding , Third World Quarterly 23(5): 875–891.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg; & Fixdal, Mona (1997) Anti-personnel Landmines: A Just Means of War? , Security Dialogue 28(3): 271–285.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg (1997) Transcending Traditionalism: The Emergence of Non-state Military Formations in Afghanistan, Journal of Peace Research 34(3): 271–287.

PhD Thesis

Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2006) Networks in Transition: Wartime Migration in Afghanistan. PhD thesis, Institute for Sociology and Human Geography, University of Oslo, Oslo.


Harpviken, Kristian Berg & Shahrbanou Tadjbakhsh (2016) A Rock Between Hard Places: Afghanistan as an Arena of Regional Insecurity. London/New York: Hurst/Oxford University Press.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2009) Social Networks and Migration in Wartime Afghanistan. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Book Chapter

Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2015) Heart or Periphery? Afghanistan's Complex Neighbourhood Relations, in Gates, Scott; & Kaushik Roy, eds, War and State-Building In Afghanistan: Historical and Modern Perspectives. London: Bloomsbury (245–279).
Tønnesson, Stein & Kristian Berg Harpviken (2013) Forord [Preface], in Gene Sharp, ed., Fra Diktatur Til Demokrati. Oslo: Arneberg Forlag .
Harpviken, Kristian Berg; & Lischer, Sarah (2013) Refugee Militancy in Exile and Upon Return in Afghanistan and Rwanda, in Jeffrey T. Checkel, ed., Transnational Dynamics of Civil War. Cambridge University Press (89–119).
Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2012) Warlordism: Three Biographies From Southeastern Afghanistan, in Suhrke, Astri; & Mats Berdal, eds, The Peace In Between: Post-War Violence and Peacebuilding. London: Routledge (173–191).
Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2012) Blodig Møteplass i et Splittet Nabolag, in Dyndal, Gjert Lage; & Torbjørn L. Knutsen, eds, Exit Afghanistan. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget (203–211).
Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2011) A Peace Nation in the War on Terror: The Norwegian Engagement in Afghanistan, in Hynek, Nik; & Péter Marton, eds, Statebuilding In Afghanistan: Multinational Contributions to Reconstruction. London: Routledge (157–173).
Borchgrevink, Kaja & Kristian Berg Harpviken (2010) Afghanistan: Civil Society Between Modernity and Tradition, in Civil Society and Peacebuilding: a Critical Assessment. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner (235–257).
Harpviken, Kristian Berg(2010) The Return of the Refugee Warrior: Migration and Armed Resistance in Herat Beyond the Wild Tribes: Understanding Modern Afghanistan and Its Diaspora. : (121–137).
Kjellman, Kjell Erling; & Harpviken, Kristian Berg(2010) Civil Society and the State Civil Society and Peacebuilding: a Critical Assessment. : Lynne Rienner Publishers(29–42).
Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2007) Afghanistans vei ut av minefeltet [The Afghan Path out of the Minefield], in En Framtid Uten Frykt For Miner: 10 År Med Minekonvensjonen. Oslo: Conflux (51–64).
Harpviken, Kristian Berg(2002) Afghanistan: Political System Encyclopedia of Modern Asia. : .
Harpviken, Kristian Berg(2002) Ethnic Conflict: Afghanistan Encyclopedia of Modern Asia. : .
Harpviken, Kristian Berg(2002) Landmines Encyclopedia of Modern Asia. : .
Harpviken, Kristian Berg(1998) The Hazara of Aghanistan: The Thorny Path Towards Political Unity, 1978-1992, in Atabaki, Touraj; & O'Kane, John, eds, Post-Soviet Central Asia. : I. B. Tauris(177–198).

Edited Volume

Harpviken, Kristian Berg (ed.) (2004) The Future of Humanitarian Mine Action. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Non-refereed Journal Article

Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2010)Troubled Regions and Failing States: Introduction , Comparative Social Research 271–23.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2009) Er NUPI der det hender? Oss femtiåringer imellom [Is NUPI Where Things Happen? Between us Fifty Year Olds] , Internasjonal Politikk 67(4): 755–759.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2001) Afghanistan: Capacity-building and the Emergency Label , Development Today 14(11): .

Popular Article

Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2013) Pris til nedrustningens møysommelighet [Rewarding the Painstaking Work of Disarmament], Dagbladet.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2012) Økende konfliktnivå i det fjerne Østen? [Increasing conflict in the far East?], Ukens Analyse, Atlanterhavskomiteen.No, 26 November.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg; & Naftalin, Mark (2012) Conflating Spaces: Syrian Rebels and Refugees in South Turkey , ISN Security Watch , 18 September.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg; & Naftalin, Mark (2012) Militarisering av flyktningene [Militarization amongst refugees] , Dagsavisen , 29 August.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg; & Skjelsbæk, Inger (2012) Kvinner skaper endring [Women create change], Flyktningregnskapet 2012, .
Skjelsbæk, Inger; & Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2011) Gledelig Fredspris [A Peace Prize to Celebrate], Dagbladet, 7 October.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2011) Noruega después del terror [Norway After the Terror], La Vanguardia, 31 July.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2011) Norjalla on edessään pitkä toipuminen [Norway After the Terror], Helsingin Sanomat, 29 September.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2011) Norge Etter Terroren [Norway After the Terror], Aftenposten, 26 July.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2010) Commentary: Liu Xiaobo's Vision, The Foreigner [Online News Service], 20 August 2010.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg; & Skjelsbæk, Inger (2010) Skjerp fredspolitikken! [Sharpen the Peace Policy!], Aftenposten, 29 November.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2010) På tide med nytenkning [Time for Change], Aftenposten, 21 October.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2010) Liu Xiaobos visjon [Liu Ziaobo's Vision], Dagbladet, 10 October.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2010) Verden er ikke tryggere [The World is Not Safer], Aftenposten, 13 July.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg;Suhrke, Astri; & Strand, Arne (2010) Tid for linjeskifte, Aftenposten, 3 July.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2010) Det norske fredsarbeidet [The Norwegian Peace Effort], Gudbrandsdølen Dagningen, 15 June.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2009) En uavhengig fredsforskning [Independent Peace Research], Morgenbladet, 30 October.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2009) Norges tapte uskyld [Norway's lost innocence], Dagsavisen, 11 July.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg; & Bergsmo, Morten (2009) Afghanistan og folkeretten II [Afghanistan and International Humanitarian Law II], VG, 24 June.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg; & Bergsmo, Morten (2009) Folkeretten og Afghanistan [International Humanitarian Law and Afghanistan], VG, 29 May.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2009) Nord-Sør: Forskningsetiske dilemmaer [North-South: Research Ethical Dilemmas], Forskningsetisk Bibliotek, 15 May.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2009) Exit Afghanistan?, Dagsavisen, 2 April.
Tønnesson, Stein;Aardal, Bernt; & Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2009) Rekruttering med mål, Aftenposten, 23 March.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg & Kaja Borchgrevink (2009) A Muted Voice? Religious Actors and Civil Society in Post-2001 Afghanistan, Afghanistan Info, 15 March.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2009) Obama og Afghanistans trøblete nabolag [Obama and Afghanistan's Troublesome Neighborhood], Forsvarets Forum, January/February.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2008) Peace Building and its Components – the State of the Art, Peacebuilding In Afghanistan: Local, Regional and Global Perspectives, 31 December.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg;Strand, Arne;Wimpelmann Chaudhary, Torunn; & Suhrke, Astri (2008) Noreg bør læra av Danmark [Norway Should Learn from Denmark], Bergens Tidende, 1 September.
Suhrke, Astri;Strand, Arne; & Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2008) En åpning mot fred [An Opening for Peace], Morgenbladet, 23 May.
Suhrke, Astri;Strand, Arne; & Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2008) Taliban vinner fotfeste [Taliban Strengthens its Position], Aftenposten, 16 January.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2007) Drapet på Benazir og den regionale kabalen [The Killing of Benazir and the Regional Puzzle], VG, 28 December.
Suhrke, Astri;Strand, Arne; & Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2006) Veien til fred [The Path to Peace], Dagbladet, 21 November.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2006) Talibans tilbakekomst [The Return of the Taliban], Dagbladet, 26 October.
Ruge, Christian H.;Henriksen, Svein; & Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2002) Halvgjort minejobb av Norge? [A Half-Finished Mine Job by Norway?], Dagbladet, 28 January.
Bakkevig, Trond & Kristian Berg Harpviken (2001) Forsoning i Afghanistan [Reconciliation in Afghanistan], Dagbladet, 9 December.
Strand, Arne; & Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2001) Kampen om det nye Afghanistan [The Battle over the New Afghanistan], Dagbladet, 27 November.
Strand, Arne; & Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2001) Dei gode hjelparane [The Good Helpers], Bergens Tidende, 22 October.
Strand, Arne; & Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2001) Hvem får makten i post-Taliban Afghanistan? [Who Gets Power in Post-Taliban Afghanistan? ], Aftenposten, 4 october.
Strand, Arne; & Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2001) Afghanistan:Gi makt til sivile [Afghanistan. Give Power to Civilians], Bistandsaktuelt (No. 8), 24 October.
Strand, Arne; & Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2001) Superterroristen Bin Ladens rolle? [The Role of Bin Laden, the Super-Terrorist], Bergens Tidende, 15 September.
Strand, Arne; & Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2001) Bare langsiktige løsninger? [Only Long-Term Solutions?], Bergens Tidende, 2 September.

PRIO Report

Harpviken, Kristian Berg; & Rebecca Roberts, eds, (2004) Preparing the Ground for Peace: Mine Action in Support of Peacebuilding, PRIO Report, 2. Oslo: PRIO.
Millard, Ananda S.; & Kristian Berg Harpviken (2001) Community Studies in Practice: Implementing a New Approach to Landmine Impact Assessment with Illustrations from Mozambique, PRIO Report, 1. Oslo: PRIO.
Millard, Ananda S.; & Kristian Berg Harpviken (2000) Reassessing the Impact of Humanitarian Mine Action. Illustrations from Mozambique, PRIO Report, 1. Oslo: PRIO.

Conference Paper

Harpviken, Kristian Berg 2010 Refugee Return and Violence in Afghanistan, presented at ISA Annual Convention 2010, , 17 February.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg; & Lischer, Sarah 2009 Refugee Return and Violence: An Analytical Framework, presented at Mobilizing Across Borders: Transnational Mechanisms of Civil War, , 16 October.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg 2009 Afghanistan and its Troublesome Neighbourhood, presented at Simons Series in the Social Dynamics of Peace and Conflict, , 14 October.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg 2009 Forskningsetiske dilemmaer: Fra forskerens dømmekraft til institusjonalisert kontroll? [Dilemmas of Research Ethics: Between Researchers' Judgement and Institutionalized Control], presented at Ta etikken tilbake! [Take back the ethics!], Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Oslo, , 4 May.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg 2009 Development and Conflict: Perpetuating Factors, presented at Development and Conflict, hosted by PRIO and the Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses (IDSA), , 17 April.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg 2009 Afghanistan: Domestic and Regional Dimensions, presented at The Naval War Academy, , 31 March.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg 2009 The Near Diaspora: What is Special About Refugee Mobilization?, presented at Global Migration and Transnational Politics, , 28 March.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg 2009 Repatriation and Violence, presented at Global Migration and Transnational Politics: Towards a New Policy Agenda , , 26 March.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg 2009 Conciliatory Approaches to the Insurgency in Afghanistan, presented at Civilian-military workshop, hosted by the Norwegian Atlantic Committee, , 13 March.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg 2009 The Transnationalization of the Taliban, presented at Beyond the State – Local Politics in Afghanistan, , 28 February.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg; & Lischer, Sarah 2009 Refugee Return and Violence: An Analytical Framework, presented at 50th Annual Convention of the International Studies Association, , 17 February.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg 2008 Regional Perspectives on Afghanistan’s Wars, presented at State Failure and Regional Insecurity, , 12 December.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg 2008 Return of ‘Refugee Warriors’ in Herat, Afghanistan, presented at Seminar on Return Policy and Peacebuilding, hosted by the Norwegian Peace Centre and PRIO, , 9 December.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg 2008 Going Home to Fight? Explaining Refugee Return and Violence, presented at Annual Conference of the Norwegian Association for Development Research, , 27 November.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg 2008 Going Home to Fight? Explaining Refugee Return and Violence, presented at POVPEACE Programme Conference, Research Council of Norway, , 5 November.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg; & Lischer, Sarah 2008 Refugee Return and Violence: What are the Mechanisms?, presented at CSCW, UiO & Syracuse University workshop "Transnationalism, Mechanisms and Civil War", , 18 October.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg 2008 The Impact and Implications of the India-Pakistan Rivalry for Afghanistan, presented at Human Security seminar, , 24 September.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg 2008What is Special about Refugee Warriors?, presented at Global Migation and Transnational Politics: Towards a New Policy Agenda18 April.
Borchgrevink, Kaja; & Harpviken, Kristian Berg 2008 Afghan Civil Society: Caught in Conflicting Agendas, presented at International Studies Association Annual Convention, , 27 March.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg 2008 Afghanistan: Torn between Regional Security Complexes, presented at International Studies Association Annual Convention, , 26 March.

PRIO Policy Brief

Harpviken, Kristian Berg & Benjamin Onne Yogev (2016) Syria’s Internally Displaced and the Risk of Militarization, PRIO Policy Brief, 6. Oslo: PRIO.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2016) Exile Socialization, PRIO Policy Brief, 7. Oslo: PRIO.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2016) ‘Voting with Their Feet’ or Returning to Fight?, PRIO Policy Brief, 9. Oslo: PRIO.
Naftalin, Mark & Kristian Berg Harpviken (2012) Rebels and Refugees: Syrians in Southern Turkey, PRIO Policy Brief, 10. Oslo: PRIO.
Tariq, Mohammed Osman; Kaja Borchgrevink & Kristian Berg Harpviken (2011) Building Trust and Institutions - Religious Institution-Building in Afghanistan: An Exploration, PRIO Policy Brief, 2. Oslo: PRIO.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2011) Power Prevails: The Failure of Whole-of-Government Approaches in Afghanistan, PRIO Policy Brief, 4. Oslo: PRIO.
Borchgrevink, Kaja & Kristian Berg Harpviken (2010) Teaching Religion, Taming Rebellion: Religious Education Reform in Afghanistan, PRIO Policy Brief, 7. Oslo: PRIO.
Kjellman, Kjell Erling & Kristian Berg Harpviken (2006) Meeting the Challenge: National Ownership in Mine Action, PRIO Policy Brief, 1. Oslo: PRIO.

PRIO Paper

Hedayat, Lida Nadery & Kristian Berg Harpviken (2014) Where Do Afghan Women Stand on Education and Economic Empowerment?, PRIO Paper. Oslo: PRIO.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2011) A Peace Nation Takes Up Arms: The Norwegian Engagement in Afghanistan, PRIO Paper. Oslo: PRIO.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2010) Afghanistan in a Neighbourhood Perspective: General Overview and Conceptualisation, PRIO Paper. Oslo: PRIO.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2010) Understanding Warlordism: Three Biographies from Southeastern Afghanistan, PRIO Paper. Oslo: PRIO.

Report - Other

Borchgrevink, Kaja; Kristian Berg Harpviken; Kanishka Nawabi; Mirwais Wardak; Astri Suhrke; & Arne Strand (2007) Disconnected and Discounted? Religious actors and Civil Society in Post - 2001 Afghanistan, PRIO-CPAU-CMI Policy Brief. Oslo/Bergen: PRIO/CPAU/CMI.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg; & Isaksen, Jan (2004) Reclaiming the Fields of War: Mainstreaming Mine Action in Development: PRIO/UNDP.

Report - External Series

Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2013) Initiatives to Foster an Afghan Peace Process, 2001-12: A Role for Norway? , NOREF Report Norwegian Peacebuilding Resource Centre (NOREF).
Borchgrevink, Kaja; & Kristian Berg Harpviken (2011) Taking Stock: Madrasa Reform in Pakistan , Noref Policy Brief, 4. Oslo: Norwegian Peacebuilding Resource Centre (NOREF).
Borchgrevink, Kaja; & Kristian Berg Harpviken (2010) Afghanistan’s Religious Landscape: Politicising the Sacred, Noref Policy Brief, 3. Oslo: Norwegian Peacebuilding Resource Centre (NOREF).
Suhrke, Astri;Wimpelmann Chaudhary, Torunn;Hakimi, Aziz;Harpviken, Kristian Berg;Sarwari, Akbar; & Strand, Arne (2009) Conciliatory Approaches to the Insurgency in Afghanistan: An Overview, CMI Report, 1. : Chr. Michelsen Institute.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2008) From 'Refugee Warriors' to 'Returnee Warriors: Militant Homecoming in Afghanistan and Beyond, Global Migration and Transnational Politics Working Paper , 5. Arlington, VA: Center For Global Studies, George Mason University.
Suhrke, Astri;Wimpelmann Chaudhary, Torunn;Harpviken, Kristian Berg;Sarwari, Akbar; & Strand, Arne (2008) Applied Social Science Research in Afghanistan: An Overview of the Institutional Landscape, CMI Report, 12. : Chr. Michelsen Institute.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg; & Kjellman, Kjell Erling (2008) Avtale om klasevåpen [Treaty on Cluster Munitions], Hvor hender det?, 4. : NUPI.
Strand, Arne;Akbari, Arghawan ;Wimpelmann Chaudhary, Torunn;Harpviken, Kristian Berg;Sarwari, Akbar; & Suhrke, Astri (2008) Return in Dignity, Return to What? Review of Voluntary Return Programme to Afghanistan , CMI Report, 6. : CMI.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg; & Røislien, Hanne Eggen (2005) Mapping the Terrain: The Role of Religion in Peacemaking, State of the Art Paper to the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, : PRIO.
Strand, Arne;Suhrke, Astri; & Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2004) Afghan Refugees in Iran: From Refugee Emergency to Migration Management, CMI Policy Brief, : CMI/PRIO.
Ask, Karin;Harpviken, Kristian Berg; & Strand, Arne (2002) Afghanistan and Civil Society, CMI Commissioned Report, : CMI.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg; Merete Taksdal; & Muhammad Suleman (2001) Strengthening the Self-Reliance of Returnee Communities: The Enjil Community Development Program, Herat Province, Afghanistan, Report from an Independent Mid-term Review for Ockenden International. Wooking, UK: Ockenden International.
Strand, Arne; Kristian Berg Harpviken; & Abdul Wasay Najimi (2001) Afghanistan: Current Humanitarian Challenges, CMI Report, 5. Bergen: CMI.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg;Millard, Ananda S.; & Strand, Arne (2001) Sida's Contributions to Humanitarian Mine Action, Sida Evaluation, : Sida.
Berg Harpviken, Kristian (1996) Political Mobilization among the Hazara of Afghanistan: 1978-1992 , Rapportserien ved Sosiologi, UiO , 9. Department of Sociology, University of Oslo.

Blog Posts

France’s Response to Terror

Posted by Kristian Berg Harpviken on Tuesday, 19 July 2016

Following the terror attack in Nice, the French President Hollande has responded to mounting criticism by sharpening both his rhetoric and the country’s proposed reactions to terror. But no society can be protected against all risks, and anti-terror efforts do not always have the intended effects. Within a split second, in the afternoon of 14 July, the beach promenade in Nice turned into a scene of terror . The weapon was an ordinary truck. The perpetrator was a petty criminal, a Tunisian citizen, with no known extremist propensities. It is not yet clear whether he carried out the attack alone, ...

Blair’s Global Vision – and Lacking Knowledge Base

Posted by Kristian Berg Harpviken on Tuesday, 12 July 2016

Tony Blair took the decision to take part in the military intervention in Iraq in 2003 more or less on his own, and based it on very scant knowledge. Are there reasons to fear the same happening again? The British Chilcot Commission has released a crushing verdict over former PM Tony Blair’s decision to stand side by side with the US in Iraq in 2003. How was it possible for such an important decision to be taken without serious consideration of its long-term consequences? Prior to the presentation of the Commission’s report, John Chilcot expressed that its aim was to ...

So, Who Will It Be This Year?

Posted by Kristian Berg Harpviken on Monday, 5 October 2015

It is that time of year again. No, I’m not talking about the announcement of this years’ winner of the Nobel Peace Prize, but rather the announcement of my shortlist of favorites. This is a tradition that won’t go away. I keep, as Foreign Policy put it, soldiering on, silently hoping this will be the year I get it just right. My favourite this year, as many of you will have noticed, is German Chancellor Angela Merkel. She tops a shortlist consisting of five candidates, each of whom I consider to have a fair shot at winning this year’s prize. ...

A Muted Voice? Religious Actors and Civil Society in Post-2001 Afghanistan

Posted by Kristian Berg Harpviken & Kaja Borchgrevink on Wednesday, 25 March 2015

In general, religious actors are not perceived as possible contributors to civil society. In Afghanistan, where religion permeates society and politics, and where religious leaders and networks bear considerable influence, this is particularly problematic. There is a need for a thorough rethink of what civil society is, and the role of religion within it. While knowledge is deficient in vital areas, what we do know merits a thorough reorientation of policy and practice. Religious actors are under double pressure. The Taliban, as the main armed opposition, see Islam as their main source of legitimacy. Religious leaders who express support for ...

Peace Processes Need Women

Posted by Kristian Berg Harpviken & Torunn L. Tryggestad on Tuesday, 18 November 2014

International peace processes are dominated by men and men’s perspectives. In general the approaches used have changed little in many decades. The focus is invariably on bringing the conflicting parties to the negotiating table, where their claims to power and strategic positions are renegotiated and defined. Amnesties for brutal attacks on civilian populations have been the rule rather than the exception, conveying a message that the route to power is through the actual or threatened use of armed force. People who distance themselves from the use of violence and endeavour to find alternative approaches to conflict resolution are seldom invited ...

What if the Nobel Peace Prize is awarded to Snowden?

Posted by Kristian Berg Harpviken on Tuesday, 7 October 2014

Edward Snowden’s nomination for this year’s Nobel Peace Prize has stirred controversy in Norway and internationally. Is Snowden a (US) traitor or a (global) saviour? Will Norway allow him to receive the prize, resisting US demands to arrest and hand him over? Along with previous years’ nominations of Julian Assange and Bradley (Chelsea) Manning, Snowden’s candidacy brings attention to one of the largest threats to liberal societies as we know them: traditional human – hence limited – intelligence is replaced or supported by seemingly limitless technology, electronic surveillance and big data. The debate about information technology and cyber warfare leads ...

Why Speculate on the Nobel Peace Prize?

Posted by Kristian Berg Harpviken on Monday, 6 October 2014

Why would anyone take it upon themselves to offer speculations on who is to win the Nobel Peace Prize every year? With close to 300 nominees, most of which are secret to everyone but the committee, and a virtually unlimited number of possible winners, the chance of getting it right seems slim. Foreign Policy listed my Nobel speculations as one of the 10 worst predictions in 2012. In a recent op-ed in Aftenposten, Norway’s leading national newspaper, Peace Prize Committee Chair Thorbjørn Jagland complains about the noise from a range of experts and commentators, against which the committee needs to ...

A New Afghan Spring?

Posted by Kristian Berg Harpviken on Monday, 29 September 2014

Sitting in Kabul today, watching the Presidential inauguration on local television, it is difficult to say whether we are seeing a new Afghan spring or the onset of a disaster. After weeks and weeks of quarrelling, the two main presidential contenders settled on a power-sharing formula: Ashraf Ghani is the new president, while Abdullah Abdullah takes up a newly established Prime Minister post. The latter also demanded a more prominent role during the inauguration, however, which led to a hot debate over the inaugural liturgy during the last few days. In fear of Abdullah abstaining, many sighed with relief when ...

The Taliban are an Organized Fighting Force

Posted by Kristian Berg Harpviken on Sunday, 8 June 2014

A new UN report blames the Taliban for a sharp rise in violence against civilians. The Taliban are an organized fighting force. They combine a relatively strong central command with a networked structure in which each of the various factions operate with considerable independence. Establishing control over certain territories has been a main rationale for the Taliban. While their military tactics have changed a lot, their ultimate objectives have not. For the Taliban, military capacity and the ability to control territory are key to their success. Read more about structure, tactics and aims of the militants in DW’s in-depth interview with ...

Business and Peace

Posted by Kristian Berg Harpviken & Harry Tzimitras on Wednesday, 14 May 2014

These days, the Business for Peace Symposium is happening in Oslo. Business leaders from all over the world are gathered to discuss how business can contribute to peace and hinder conflict. Some of the most distinguished guests have arrived from Cyprus, namely Manthos Mavrommatis, Honorary President of the Cyprus Chamber of Commerce and Industry and Vargin Varer, Vice President of the Turkish Cypriot Chamber of Commerce. The Cyprus issue is currently at its most critical conjuncture for at least a decade. It is indeed only the second time in 40 years that the prospects of a solution might actually be ...

Time for change in the Nobel Peace Prize Committee

Posted by Kristian Berg Harpviken on Thursday, 21 October 2010

It is time for the Norwegian Parliament to change its practice and appoint a Nobel Peace Prize Committee that includes both experts and internationals. The Nobel Peace Prize is considered one of the world’s strongest symbols; the prize shapes the public agenda and gives voice to peace activists all over the world. Members of the prize-awarding Nobel Committee are appointed by their political parties in the Storting, the Parliament of Norway. This strong link to Norwegian party politics threatens the legitimacy of the prize, and it is high time the Norwegian Storting changes its procedures and includes both experts and internationals in the committee. Alfred Nobel bestowed ...

A Bold Choice for the Nobel Peace Prize

Posted by Kristian Berg Harpviken on Sunday, 9 October 2016

The award of this year’s Nobel Peace Prize is a bold choice. It rewards President Santos of Colombia for his great political courage, and for his ability to think in a strategic, long-term and principled manner about what is needed to bring peace to his country. Santos is also a “classic” choice for the prize. In his will, Alfred Nobel stated that the prize was for “champions of peace”, and many of the prize awards that we remember best have been awards to statesmen, rebel leaders or peace negotiators who have contributed to the ending of wars. This year’s Peace ...

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