Inequality and Armed Conflict: Evidence and Data

Report - Other

Bahgat, Karim; Kendra Dupuy; Scott Gates; Håvard Mokleiv Nygård; Siri Aas Rustad; Håvard Strand; Henrik Urdal; & Gudrun Østby (2017) Inequality and Armed Conflict: Evidence and Data.

​Inequality and conflict are inextricably linked. A considerable amount of research has been done attempting to understand the links between the two. Both vertical (between households or individuals) and horizontal inequality (between groups) as well as perceived inequality have been examined. In this report, we review and synthesize the large literature on inequality and conflict and perform a mapping exercise for data on vertical, horizontal, and perceived inequality. We show that while vertical (economic) inequality is at an all-time high, horizontal inequality has declined steadily throughout the world over the past 25-30 years. Indeed, in sharp contrast to vertical inequality, horizontal inequality is at the lowest levels on record.

Authors

Gudrun Østby

Gudrun Østby

Senior Researcher

Håvard Strand

Håvard Strand

Senior Researcher

Håvard Mokleiv Nygård

Håvard Mokleiv Nygård

Senior Researcher. Managing Editor, International Area Studies Review

Henrik Urdal

Henrik Urdal

Research Director; Research Professor; Editor, Journal of Peace Research

Karim Bahgat

Karim Bahgat

Research Assistant

Kendra Dupuy

Kendra Dupuy

Senior Researcher; Desk Editor, Journal of Peace Research

Scott Gates

Scott Gates

Research Professor. Editor, International Area Studies Review

Siri Aas Rustad

Siri Aas Rustad

Senior Researcher

Research Groups