The Middle East is home to some of the most intense conflicts of our time. The conflicts in Syria and Yemen are protracted, deadly, and complex, and they have proven difficult to resolve. The region is also home to the Islamic State (IS), which has initiated multiple new conflicts and exacerbated several existing ones. But how have conflicts – and attempts to solve them – evolved over time in the Middle East? In this policy brief, we describe conflict trends in the Middle East between 1989 and 2019. We also present novel data on peace agreements in the region.