Negotiating the Nation: Implications of Ethnic and Religious Diversity for National Identity (NATION)

Negotiating the Nation: Implications of Ethnic and Religious Diversity for National Identity (NATION)
Led by Marta Bivand Erdal
Dec 2013 - Dec 2017

​​​​​ This research project investigates the role of ethnic and religious diversity in contemporary European nation building. National identity is not a fixed  entity, and through the parallel proces ses of globalization, immigration and secularization, traditional notions of national identity are under pressure.  NATION seeks to understand these issues by exploring how nationhood is negotiated in three European countries: Norway, France, and the United  Kingdom.

The increased ethnic and religious diversity within these countries' populations is seen to challenge the boundaries of national identity in particular  ways. Some aspects of diversity are seen as acceptable, while others are defined as 'problematic' for national identity. In current debates on  nationhood, the discourses of religion and ethnicity are intertwined. The changing social role of religion has implications for the negotiation of the  nation. While looking at the interaction between religion and ethnicity in nationhood contestations, NATION investigates these two issues in parallel.​

Please continue to the Project Summ​ary page for research questions and organization, and the NATION Update page​ for news on current activities. 

Staff members can access the PRIO intranet site for this project here

Research Groups


Peer-reviewed Journal Article

Kolås, Åshild (2017) How critical is the event? Multicultural Norway after 22 July 2011, Social Identities: Journal For the Study of Race, Nation and Culture 23(2).
Fangen , Katrine & Åshild Kolås (2016) The “Syria traveller”: Reintegration or legal sanctioning?, Critical Studies on Terrorism 9(3): 414–432.
Fangen , Katrine & Mari Vaage (2014) FrP-politikeres innvandringsretorikk i posisjon og opposisjon, Agora: Journal for metafysisk spekulasjon 31(34): 30–63.

Popular Article

Erdal, Marta Bivand (2016) Hverdagsintegrering for norskfødte [Everyday integration for the 'Norwegian-born'], Dagbladet.
Erdal, Marta Bivand & Rojan Tordhol Ezzati (2015) Når blir du norsk? [When do you become Norwegian?], Aftenposten.
Erdal, Marta Bivand & Rojan Tordhol Ezzati (2015) Evig innvandrer, aldri norsk [Eternal immigrant, never Norwegian], Bergens Tidende.
Erdal, Marta Bivand & Tove Heggli Sagmo (2014) Avleggs statsborgerskapslov [Outdated citizenship legislation], Dagens Næringsliv.

Conference Paper

Kolås, Åshild (2015) Sovereignty revisited: The Basque case, presented at International Workshop on ‘A Multidisciplinary Approach to Processes of Sovereignty Construction: The Basque Case’, Oñati International Institute for the Sociology of Law (IISL), 14–15 May 2015.

PRIO Policy Brief

Erdal, Marta Bivand & Mette Strømsø (2016) Norskhet i flertall [Plural Norwegianness], PRIO Policy Brief, 14. Oslo: PRIO.
Erdal, Marta Bivand & Cathrine Talleraas (2015) Becoming One of Us?, PRIO Policy Brief, 11. Oslo: PRIO.
Talleraas, Cathrine & Marta Bivand Erdal (2015) Contestations over National Identity and Diversity, PRIO Policy Brief, 10. Oslo: PRIO.

Upcoming Events

Past Events

Negotiating the Nation: Implications of Ethnic and Religious Diversity for National Identity (NATION)

Related pages