Assistance to Mine-Affected Communities (AMAC)

Led by Kjell Erling Kjellman
Jan 1999 - Dec 2009
The AMAC project was active 1999-2009.

This project explores the political and social aspects of mine action, with the aim of informing policy and generating a better understanding of how to improve mine action practices.

Assistance to Mine-Affected Communities project (AMAC) undertakes studies of communities affected by landmines, with the aim of exploring the potential offered by local resources and local competence in humanitarian mine action (HMA). AMAC works in close partnership with HMA practitioners, both in order to learn from their experiences and to engage in a dialogue that can have an immediate impact on their field operations.

The project is based on the conviction that improved assistance to mine-affected communities must start with a deeper understanding of local responses to landmines: it is imperative for the successful design of HMA projects that community capacities are properly understood. Rather than viewing people in such communities as passive victims, AMAC acknowledges their importance as active subjects. The challenge is then to find ways in which social structures and dynamics within which mine action agencies operate can act as resources in the mine action process.

The project conducts case studies in mine-affected countries, including Angola, Afghanistan, Cambodia, Mozambique, Sri Lanka and Sudan. Four sets of issues are at the core of the study:

    • the impact of landmines on the community
    • the community in the demining process
    • the organization of humanitarian demining
    • the peacebuilding role of mine action   

The project is funded by the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Additional funding sources are currently being sought.

Project leader of the AMAC project has been Kristian Berg Harpviken, from the start in 1999 to 01 May 2006. From this date, Harpviken is still project researcher, while Kjell Erling Kjellman takes over as leader of AMAC.

Publications

Peer-reviewed Journal Article

Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2003) Guides to Humanitarian Mine Action , Third World Quarterly 24(5): 967–976.
Skåra, Bernt (2003) Risky Business or Constructive Assistance? Community Engagement in Humanitarian Mine Action , Third World Quarterly 24(5): 839–853.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg;Kjellman, Kjell Erling;Millard, Ananda S.; & Strand, Arne (2003) Acting as One? Co-ordinating responses to the landmine problem , Third World Quarterly 24(5): 855–871.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg; Ananda S. Millard; Kjell Erling Kjellman & Bernt Skåra (2003) Measures for Mines: Approaches to Impact Assessment in Humanitarian Mine Action, Third World Quarterly 24(5): 889–908.
Skåra, Bernt; & Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2003)Humanitarian Mine Action and Peacebuilding: Exploring the Relationship , Third World Quarterly 24(5): 809–822.

Monograph

Dupuy, Kendra & Krijn Peters (2009) War and Children: A Reference Handbook. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO/Greenwood. Contemporary Military, Strategic, and Security Issues.

Book Chapter

Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2007) Afghanistans vei ut av minefeltet [The Afghan Path out of the Minefield], in En Framtid Uten Frykt For Miner: 10 År Med Minekonvensjonen. Oslo: Conflux (51–64).
(2004) The Future of Humanitarian Mine Action: Introduction, in The Future of Humanitarian Mine Action. Basingstoke: Macmillan (1–4).
(2004) Humanitarian Mine Action and Peace Building: Exploring the Relationship, in The Future of Humanitarian Mine Action. Basingstoke: Macmillan (33–46).
(2004) Balancing the Risk: Village De-mining in Cambodia, in The Future of Humanitarian Mine Action. Basingstoke: Macmillan (47–61).
(2004) Acting as One? Co-ordinating Responses to the Landmine Problem, in The Future of Humanitarian Mine Action. Basingstoke: Macmillan (79–95).
(2004) Measures for Mines: Approaches to Impact Assessment in Humanitarian Mine Action, in The Future of Humanitarian Mine Action. Basingstoke: Macmillan (113–132).
(2004) Guides to Humanitarian Mine Action, in The Future of Humanitarian Mine Action. Basingstoke: Macmillan (191–200).
(2004) Risky Business or Constructive Assistance? Community Engagement in Humanitarian Mine Action, in The Future of Humanitarian Mine Action. Basingstoke: Macmillan (63–77).

Edited Volume

Harpviken, Kristian Berg (ed.) (2004) The Future of Humanitarian Mine Action. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Non-refereed Journal Article

Wallacher, Hilde (2009) Gender in Community Consultations , The Journal of ERW and Mine Action 12(2): –.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg (2003) The Future of Humanitarian Mine Action: Introduction , Third World Quarterly 24(5): 777–780.

Popular Article

Harpviken, Kristian Berg; & Kjellman, Kjell Erling (2006) Kampen mot klasevåpen [The Fight Against Cluster Ammunition], Dagbladet, 2 May.

PRIO Report

Millard, Ananda S.; & Kristian Berg Harpviken (2001) Community Studies in Practice: Implementing a New Approach to Landmine Impact Assessment with Illustrations from Mozambique, PRIO Report, 1. Oslo: PRIO.
Millard, Ananda S.; & Kristian Berg Harpviken (2000) Reassessing the Impact of Humanitarian Mine Action. Illustrations from Mozambique, PRIO Report, 1. Oslo: PRIO.
Roberts, Rebecca; & Gary Littlejohn (2005) Maximizing the Impact: Tailoring Mine Action to Development Needs, PRIO Report, 5. Oslo: PRIO.
Harpviken, Kristian Berg; & Rebecca Roberts, eds, (2004) Preparing the Ground for Peace: Mine Action in Support of Peacebuilding, PRIO Report, 2. Oslo: PRIO.
Bottomley, Ruth (2003) Crossing the Divide: Landmines, Villagers and Organizations, PRIO Report, 1. Oslo: PRIO.
Millard, Ananda S. (2002) Avaliação do Impacto das Minas Terrestres ao Nível da Comunidade - Um Manual de Formação [Assessing Landmine Impact at the Community Level - A Training Manual], PRIO Report. Oslo: PRIO.

PRIO Policy Brief

Wallacher, Hilde & Kjell Erling Kjellman (2008) Gender Mainstreaming in Mine Action in Conflict Situations, PRIO Policy Brief, 10. Oslo: PRIO.
Kjellman, Kjell Erling & Kristian Berg Harpviken (2006) Meeting the Challenge: National Ownership in Mine Action, PRIO Policy Brief, 1. Oslo: PRIO.

PRIO Paper

Miklian, Jason (2008) Mine Action in Nepal: Overviewing Progress and Challenges, PRIO Paper. Oslo: PRIO.
Kjellman, Kjell Erling (2008) Conceptualizing National Ownership: The Case of Mine Action, PRIO Paper. Oslo: PRIO.
Wallacher, Hilde (2007) Gender Mainstreaming in Mine Action - A Critical Background Analysis, PRIO Paper. Oslo: PRIO.

Report - Other

Roberts, Rebecca (2006) Developing National Mine Action Capacity in Sudan: The Impact of Conflict, Politics, and International AssistanceOslo.
Frilander, Mads; & Roberts, Rebecca (2004) Village Experiences of Peace and Violence in the Nuba Mountains, Sudan: .
Harpviken, Kristian Berg; & Isaksen, Jan (2004) Reclaiming the Fields of War: Mainstreaming Mine Action in Development: PRIO/UNDP.

Report - External Series

Harpviken, Kristian Berg; & Kjellman, Kjell Erling (2008) Avtale om klasevåpen [Treaty on Cluster Munitions], Hvor hender det?, 4. : NUPI.

Past Events

Projects

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