Scott Gates

Research Professor. Editor, International Area Studies Review

Scott Gates
Email: scott@prio.org
Work phone: +4722 54 77 32
Mobile phone: +47916 48 367

Research Interests

Applied Game Theoretic Analysis, International Relations Theory, International Political Economy, Formal Models of Bureaucracy, Economic Modeling.

Background

​​​​Languages spoken:

English, Norwegian

Working experience:

Director, CSCW, PRIO, August 2002-2012

Professor, University of Oslo, 2015--

Professor, Norwegian Univ of Science & Technology, 2003--

Michigan State University, Associate Professor, 1996-2003

PRIO, Program Leader and Research Professor, 1999-2002

PRIO, Visiting Research Fellow, 1997- 1999

Norwegian Univ. of Science and Technology, Visiting Scholar 96-97,98

Univ. of Trondheim, Visiting Associate Professor, 1994-95

Michigan State University, Assistant Professor, 1989-1996

Education:

PhD, Political Science, University of Michigan, 1989
MS, Applied Economics, University of Minnesota, 1985
MA, Political Science, University of Michigan, 1983
BA, Political Science, University of Minnesota, 1980
BA, Anthopology, University of Minnesota, 1980

Research Groups

Full member:

PRIO Departments

Current
Historical

PRIO Projects

Ongoing:
Finished:

Events

PRIO started tracking events online in 2007. This listing is not complete. Past events may be mentioned in our news archive.

Recent Publications

Bahgat, Karim; Kendra Dupuy; Scott Gates; Håvard Mokleiv Nygård; Siri Aas Rustad; Håvard Strand; Henrik Urdal; Gudrun Østby; Gray Barrett; & Solveig Hillesund (2017) Inequality and Armed Conflict: Evidence and Data.
Dupuy, Kendra; Scott Gates; Håvard Mokleiv Nygård; Ida Rudolfsen; Siri Aas Rustad; Håvard Strand & Henrik Urdal (2017) Trends in Armed Conflict, 1946–2016, Conflict Trends, 2. Oslo: PRIO.
Bahgat, Karim; Gray Barrett; Kendra Dupuy; Scott Gates; Solveig Hillesund; Håvard Mokleiv Nygård; Siri Aas Rustad; Håvard Strand; Henrik Urdal & Gudrun Østby (2017) Inequality and Armed Conflict: Evidence and Policy Recommendations, Conflict Trends, 1. Oslo: PRIO.

All Publications

Peer-reviewed Journal Article

Gates, Scott; Kristian Skrede Gleditsch & Anja Shortland (2016) Winner of the 2016 Lewis Fry Richardson Award, Paul Collier: Clarity and Compassion in the Study of Civil War, Peace Economics, Peace Science and Public Policy 22(4): 339–346.
Gates, Scott; Benjamin Graham; Yonatan Lupu; Håvard Strand & Kaare Strøm (2016) Power Sharing, Protection, and Peace, The Journal of Politics 78(2): 512–526.
Gates, Scott & Sukanya Podder (2015) Social Media, Recruitment, Allegiance, and the Islamic State, Perspectives on Terrorism 9(4): 107–116.
Kim, Woosang & Scott Gates (2015) Power Transition Theory and the Rise of China, International Area Studies Review 18(3): 219–226.
Brehm, John & Scott Gates (2015) Bureaucratic Politics Arising from, Not Defined by, a Principal-Agency Dyad, Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory 25(1): 27–42.
Nygård, Håvard Mokleiv & Scott Gates (2013) Soft power at home and abroad: Sport diplomacy, politics and peace-building, International Area Studies Review 16(3): 235–243.
Binningsbø, Helga Malmin; Cyanne Loyle ; Scott Gates & Jon Elster (2012) Armed Conflict and Post-Conflict Justice, 1946–2006: A Dataset, Journal of Peace Research 49(5): 731–740.
Gates, Scott; Håvard Hegre; Håvard Mokleiv Nygård & Håvard Strand (2012) Development Consequences of Armed Conflict, World Development 40(9): 1713–1722.
Butler, Christopher K. & Scott Gates (2012) African Range Wars: Climate, Conflict, and Property Rights, Journal of Peace Research 49(1): 23–34.
Rustad, Siri Aas; Halvard Buhaug; Åshild Falch & Scott Gates (2011) All Conflict Is Local: Modeling Sub-National Variation in Civil Conflict Risk, Conflict Management and Peace Science 28(1): 15–40.
Buhaug, Halvard; Scott Gates & Päivi Lujala (2009) Geography, Rebel Capability, and the Duration of Civil Conflict, Journal of Conflict Resolution 53(4): 544–569.
Butler, Christopher K. & Scott Gates (2009) Asymmetry, Parity, and (Civil) War: Can International Theories of Power Help Us Understand Civil War?, International Interactions 35(3): 330–340.
Gates, Scott; Håvard Hegre; Mark P. Jones & Håvard Strand (2006) Institutional Inconsistency and Political Instability: Polity Duration, 1800-2000, American Journal of Political Science 50(4): 893–908.
Fredriksson, Per G.; Eric Neumayer; Richard Damania & Scott Gates (2005) Environmentalism, Democracy, and Pollution Control, Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 49(2): 343–365.
Gates, Scott & S. Mansoob Murshed (2005) Spatial–Horizontal Inequality and the Maoist Insurgency in Nepal, Review of Development Economics 9(1): 121–134.
Gates, Scott (2002) Recruitment and Allegiance: The Microfoundations of Rebellion, Journal of Conflict Resolution 46(1): 111–130.
Buhaug, Halvard & Scott Gates (2002) The Geography of Civil War, Journal of Peace Research 39(4): 417–433.
Gleditsch, Nils Petter; Håvard Hegre; Tanja Ellingsen & Scott Gates (2001) Toward a Democratic Civil Peace? Democracy, Political Change and Civil War 1816–1992, American Political Science Review 95(1): 33–48.
Gates, Scott & Håvard Hegre (1999) Evolution in Democracy-War Dynamics, Journal of Conflict Resolution 43(6): 771–792.
Gates, Scott; Nils Petter Gleditsch; Håvard Hegre & Ranveig Gissinger (1998) Timing the Changes in Political Structures. A New Polity Database, Journal of Conflict Resolution 42(2): 231–242.
Gates, Scott; Torbjørn L. Knutsen & Jonathon W. Moses (1996) Democracy and Peace: A More Skeptical View, Journal of Peace Research 33(1): 1–10.

Monograph

Gates, Scott & Kaushik Roy (2014) Unconventional Warfare in South Asia, Shadow Warriors and Counterinsurgency. Farnham: Ashgate.
Brehm, John; & Gates, Scott (2008) Teaching, Tasks, and Trust - Functions of the Public Executive. : The Russel Sage Foundation Series on Trust.
Gates, Scott (1998) Game Theory Topics: Incomplete Information, Repeated Games and N-player Games. Thousand Oaks, CAQuantitative Applications in the Social Sciences Series.
Gates, Scott & John Brehm (1997) Working, Shirking and Sabotage: Bureaucratic Response to a Democratic Public. Ann Arbor, MI.
Humes, Brian D. & Scott Gates (1997) Games, Information and Politics: Applying Game Theoretic Models to Political Science. Ann Arbor, MI.

Book Chapter

Hendrix, Cullen; Scott Gates & Halvard Buhaug (2016) Environment and Conflict, in Mason, T. David; & Sara McLaughlin Mitchell, eds, What Do We Know About Civil Wars?. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield (231–246).
Gates, Scott; Håvard Hegre; Håvard Mokleiv Nygård & Håvard Strand (2016) Development Consequences of Armed Conflict, in Pérouse de Montclos, Marc-Antoine; Elizabeth Minor; & Samrat Sinha, eds, Violence, Statistics, and the Politics of Accounting For the Dead. Berlin: Springer (25–45).
Gates, Scott & Kaushik Roy (2015) lntroduction: Armies, Warfare and the State in Afghanistan from Pre-modern Times to the Present Era, in Gates, Scott; & Kaushik Roy, eds, War and State-Building In Afghanistan: Historical and Modern Perspectives. London: Bloomsbury (1–20).
Gates, Scott; Kaushik Roy; Marianne Dahl & Håvard Mokleiv Nygård (2015) Continuity and Change in Asymmetric Warfare in Afghanistan: From the Mughals to the Americans, in Gates, Scott; & Kaushik Roy, eds, War and State-Building in Afghanistan: Historical and Modern Perspectives. London: Bloomsbury (21–42).
Gates, Scott; & Roy, Kaushik(2011) Introduction Unconventional Warfare In South Asia, 1947 to the Present. : Ashgate(9–30).
Gates, Scott; & Roy, Kaushik(2011) Introduction Conventional Warfare In South Asia, 1947 to the Present. : Ashgate(9–30).
Gates, Scott; & Roy, Kaushik(2011) Introduction The Nuclear Shadow Over South Asia, 1947 to the Present. : Ashgate(9–28).
Gates, Scott (2011) Why Do Children Fight? Motivations and the Mode of Recruitment, in Özerdem, Alpaslan; & Sukanya Podder, eds, Child Soldiers: from Recruitment to Reintegration. Palgrave Macmillan (29–49).
Andvig, Jens Chr. & Scott Gates (2010) Recruiting Children for Armed Conflict, in Gates, Scott; & Simon Reich, eds, Child Soldiers in the Age of Fractured States. Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh Press (77–92).
Gates, Scott & Simon Reich (2010) Conclusion: Children and Human Security, in Gates, Scott; & Simon Reich, eds, Child Soldiers in the Age of Fractured States. Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh Press (247–254).
Gates, Scott & Simon Reich (2010) Child Soldiers in the Age of Fractured States: Introduction, in Gates, Scott; & Simon Reich, eds, Child Soldiers in the Age of Fractured States. Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh Press (3–13).
Butler, Christopher K. & Scott Gates (2010) The Technology of Terror: Accounting for the Strategic Use of Terrorism, in Reuveny, Rafael; & William R. Thompson, eds, Coping with Terrorism: Origins, Escalation, Counter Strategies and Responses. Buffalo, NY: State University of New York Press (53–73).
Aydin, Aysegul & Scott Gates (2008) Rulers as Mass Murderers: Political Institutions and Human Insecurity, in Saideman, Stephen M.; & Marie-Joëlle Zahar, eds, Intra-State Conflict, Governments and Security: Dilemmas of Deterrence and Assurance. London: Routledge (72–95).
Strand, Håvard & Scott Gates (2008) Military Intervention, Democratization, and Post-conflict Political Stability, in Resources, Governance and Civil Conflict. Abingdon: (147–162).
Gates, Scott & S. Mansoob Murshed (2006) Spatial Horizontal Inequality and the Maoist Insurgency in Nepal, in Spatial Disparities in Human Development. Tokyo: .
Hegre, Håvard; Tanja Ellingsen; Scott Gates & Nils Petter Gleditsch (2005) Toward a Democratic Civil Peace? Democracy, Political Change and Civil War, 1816-1992, in Paul F. Diehl, ed., War: SAGE Library of International Relations. London: SAGE (165–193).
Hegre, Håvard; Nils Petter Gleditsch; Scott Gates & Tanja Ellingsen (2005) Towards a Democratic Civil Peace, in War. Library of International Relations. London: (165–193).
Brehm, John & Scott Gates (2004) Supervisors as Trust Brokers, in Trust and Distrust in Organizations. New York: (41–64).
Gomez, Brad; Scott Gates & John Brehm (2003) Donut Shops, Speed Traps, and Paperwork, in Politics, Policy, and Organizations: Essays in the Scientific Study of Bureaucracy. Ann Arbor, MI: (133–159).
Gomez, Brad; Scott Gates & John Brehm (2001) Donut Shops, Speed Traps, and Paperwork, in Politics, Policy, and Organizations: Essays in the Scientific Study of Bureaucracy. Ann Arbor: .
Gates, Scott; Nils Petter Gleditsch & Håvard Hegre (2001) Democracy and Civil Conflict After the Cold War, in Perspectives on Democratic Consolidation in Central and Eastern Europe. New York: (185–194).

Edited Volume

Gates, Scott; & Kaushik Roy, eds, (2015) War and State-Building in Afghanistan: Historical and Modern Perspectives. London: Bloomsbury. Bloomsbury Studies in Military History.
Gates, Scott; & Kaushik Roy, eds, (2014) War and State-Building in Afghanistan: Historical and Modern Perspectives. London: Bloomsbury Academic. Bloomsbury Studies in Military History.
Gates, Scott; & Kaushik Roy, eds, (2011) Unconventional Warfare in South Asia to the Present. Farnham: Ashgate. Critical Essays on Warfare in South Asia, 1947 to the Present.
Gates, Scott; & Kaushik Roy, eds, (2011) The Nuclear Shadow over South Asia, 1947 to the Present. Farnham: Ashgate. Critical Essays on Warfare in South Asia, 1947 to Present.
Gates, Scott; & Kaushik Roy, eds, (2011) Conventioinal Warfare in South Asia, 1947 to the Present. Farnham: Ashgate. Critical Essays on Warfare in South Asia, 1947 to the Present.
Gates, Scott; & Simon Reich, eds, (2010) Child Soldiers in the Age of Fractured States. Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh Press. The Security Continuum.
Gates, Scott; Brad Gomez; & John Brehm, eds, (2003) Donut Shops, Speed Traps, and Paperwork. Ann Arbor. Politics, Policy, and Organizations: Essays in the Scientific Study of Bureaucracy.

Non-refereed Journal Article

Gates, Scott (2015) A letter from the Editor-in-Chief, International Area Studies Review 18(1): 3–3.
Gates, Scott & Simon Reich (2009) Think Again: Child Soldiers, Foreign Policy.
Buhaug, Halvard; Scott Gates; Håvard Hegre; Håvard Strand & Henrik Urdal (2009) Nils Petter Gleditsch: A Lifetime Achiever, European Political Science 8(1): 79–89.
Gates, Scott (2008) Mixing It Up: The Role of Theory in Mixed Method Research, Qualitative Methods: Newsletter of the American Political Science Association Organized Section for Qualitative and Multi-Method Research 6(1): 27–29.
Gates, Scott & Mark Lainer (1997) Incarcerated Youth at Risk: Evaluating the AIDS Risk Reduction Model, Journal of Criminal Justice 24(6): 537–548.

Popular Article

Gates, Scott & Simon Reich (2009) Sannheten om barnesoldater [The Truth about Child Soldiers], Dagbladet, 12 June.

Conference Paper

Strand, Håvard; Håvard Hegre; Scott Gates & Marianne Dahl (2012) Why Waves? Global Patterns of Democratization, 1816-2008, presented at 3rd International Conference on Democracy as Idea and Practice, Oslo, 12–13 January 2012.
Hegre, Håvard; Håvard Mokleiv Nygård; Håvard Strand; Scott Gates & Ranveig D. Flaten (2011) The Conflict Trap, presented at American Political Science Association Annual Meeting., Seattle, WA, October 11, 2011.
Butler, Christopher K.; & Gates, Scott 2010 Property Rights and Conflict, .
Gates, Scott;Hegre, Håvard;Nygård, Håvard Mokleiv; & Strand, Håvard 2010 Arab Exceptionalism -- How I Stopped Worrying and Learned to Trust my Secret Police, presented at Peace Science Society (International) , , 21–23 Oct.
Butler, Christopher K.; & Gates, Scott 2010 African Range Wars, .
Gomsrud, Lars Seland;Gates, Scott; & Strand, Håvard 2009 Surviving the Capitalist Peace: Leaders' Incentives and Economic Freedom, presented at 5th ECPR General Conference, , 10 September.
Rustad, Siri Aas; Halvard Buhaug; Åshild Falch & Scott Gates (2009) Subnational Variation in Civil Conflict Risk, presented at 50th Annual Convention of the International Studies Association, New York, NY, 15–18 February.
Gates, Scott; & Strøm, Kaare 2008 Power-sharing, Agency and Civil Conflict, presented at 2008 GROW-net meeting, , 15 September.
Gates, Scott & Aysegul Aydin (2008) From Repression to Genocide: Why Would a Leader Ever Commit Mass Murder?, presented at 49th Annual Meeting of the International Studies Association, San Francisco, CA, 26–29 March.
Gates, Scott; & Lektzian, David 2008 Drugs, Governance, and Civil Conflict, presented at International Studies Association, , 2008.
Binningsbø, Helga Malmin; Scott Gates & Tove Grete Lie (2007) Post-Conflict Justice and Sustainable Peace, presented at Conference on Management of Post-Conflict Transition: The Challenges of Institutional Reform, Khartoum, Sudan, 22–24 January .
Strand, Håvard; Mark P. Jones; Håvard Hegre & Scott Gates (2007) Democratic Waves? War, New States, and Global Patterns of Democratization, 1800 –2000, presented at Statsvitenskaplig Fagkonferanse, Trondheim, 3–5 March.
Gates, Scott 2007 Recruiting Child Soldiers, presented at the 48th Annual Metting of the International Studies Association, , 28 February–3 March.
Gates, Scott; & Aydin, Aysegul 2007 Why Do Rulers Commit Mass Murder? The Microfoundations of Human Insecurity, presented at the 48th Annual Metting of the International Studies Association, , 28 February–3 March.
Binningsbø, Helga Malmin; Scott Gates & Tove Grete Lie (2006) Post-Conflict Justice and Sustainable Peace, presented at Polarization and Conflict Workshop, Nicosia, Cyprus, 26–29 April.
Gates, Scott & Aysegul Aydin (2006) Rulers as Mass Murderers: Political Institutions and Human Insecurity, presented at the 47th Annual Conference of the International Studies Association (ISA), San Diego, CA, 22–25 March.
Gates, Scott; Tove Grete Lie & Helga Malmin Binningsbø (2006) Postconflict Justice and Sustainable Peace, presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association (APSA), Philadelphia, PA, 31 August–3 September.
Lektzian, David & Scott Gates (2005) Drugs, Governance and Civil Conflict, presented at the 46th Annual meeting of the International Studies Association, Honolulu, HI, 1–5 March.
Gates, Scott & Päivi Lujala (2005) Geography, Strategic Ambition, and the Duration of Civil Conflict, presented at International Conference on 'Mapping the Complexity of Civil Wars', Zürich, 15–17 September.
Gates, Scott & Håvard Strand (2004) Modeling the Duration of Civil Wars: Measurement and Estimation Issues, presented at Meeting of the Standing Group on International Relations, the Hauge, 9–11 September.
Jones, Mark; Scott Gates & Håvard Strand (2004) The Escalation Process from Political Instability to War, presented at the 45th Annual Convention of the International Studies Association, Montreal, 17–20 March.
Gates, Scott & David Lektzian (2004) Drugs, Governance and Civil Conflict, presented at a workshop on 'Resources, Governance Structures, and Civil War', Uppsala, 13–18 April.
Strand, Håvard & Scott Gates (2004) Military Intervention, Democratization, and Post-conflict Political Stability, presented at the 45th Annual Convention of the International Studies Association, Montreal, 17–20 March.
Gates, Scott & Päivi Lujala (2003) Lootable Natural Resources and the Duration of Armed Conflict, 1946–2001, presented at the Eleventh Norwegian National Conference in Political Science, Trondheim, 8–10 January.
Gates, Scott (2003) Modelling the Duration of Civil Wars: Selection Bias, Measurement and Estimation Issues, presented at Annual Meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association, Chicago, IL, 3–6 April.
Murshed, Mansoob & Scott Gates (2003) Spatial-Horizontal Inequality and the Maoist Insurgency in Nepal, presented at Paper prepared for the UNU/WIDER Project Conference on Spatial Inequality in Asia , United Nations University Centre, Tokyo, 28–29 March.
Moses, Jonathan; Jostein Vik; Scott Gates & Håvard Strand (2003) Mini-Skirts, Hula-Hoops and Exchange Rate Regimes: Information Cascades Across Central Banks, presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Philadeplphia, PA, 28 August.
Lujala, Päivi & Scott Gates (2002) Lootable Natural Resources and the Duration of Armed Civil Conflict, 1946-2001, presented at the 36th annual Peace Science Society (International) meeting, Tucson, Arizona, 11 March.
Gates, Scott & John Brehm (2001) Supervisors as Trust-Brokers: Alternative Functions of the Public Executive, presented at the Midwest Political Science Association, Chicago, 1 January.
Gates, Scott (2001) The Geography of Civil War, presented at the annual North American Meetings of the Peace Science Society (International), Atlanta GA, 1 January.
Gates, Scott (2001) A Synthesis of Research on Political Factors in Civil Conflict, presented at the World Bank Conference on the Economics and Politics of Civil War: Launching the Case-Study Project, Oslo, 1 January.
Gates, Scott (2001) Measuring Democracy, presented at the Midwest Political Science Association, Chicago, 1 January.
Strand, Håvard; Håvard Hegre; Scott Gates & Mark P. Jones (2001) On the Shoulders of Giants: A Multi-Dimensional Representation of Political Systems (MIRPS), presented at the Uppsala Conference on Data Collection, Uppsala, 1 January.

PRIO Policy Brief

Dupuy, Kendra; Scott Gates; Håvard Mokleiv Nygård; Ida Rudolfsen; Siri Aas Rustad; Håvard Strand & Henrik Urdal (2017) Trends in Armed Conflict, 1946–2016, Conflict Trends, 2. Oslo: PRIO.
Bahgat, Karim; Gray Barrett; Kendra Dupuy; Scott Gates; Solveig Hillesund; Håvard Mokleiv Nygård; Siri Aas Rustad; Håvard Strand; Henrik Urdal & Gudrun Østby (2017) Inequality and Armed Conflict: Evidence and Policy Recommendations, Conflict Trends, 1. Oslo: PRIO.
Gates, Scott; Håvard Mokleiv Nygård; Håvard Strand & Henrik Urdal (2016) Trends in Armed Conflict, 1946–2014, Conflict Trends, 1. Oslo: PRIO.
Gates, Scott; Marianne Dahl & Håvard Mokleiv Nygård (2016) Standing Idly by during the Revolution, PRIO Policy Brief, 15. Oslo: PRIO.
Gates, Scott; Håvard Mokleiv Nygård & Esther Trappeniers (2016) Conflict Recurrence, Conflict Trends, 2. Oslo: PRIO.
Dupuy, Kendra; Scott Gates & Håvard Mokleiv Nygård (2016) State Fragility and Armed Conflict, Conflict Trends, 7. Oslo: PRIO.
Dupuy, Kendra; Scott Gates; Håvard Mokleiv Nygård; Ida Rudolfsen; Håvard Strand & Henrik Urdal (2016) Trends in Armed Conflict, 1946–2015, Conflict Trends, 8. Oslo: PRIO.
Dahl, Marianne; Scott Gates; Håvard Mokleiv Nygård & Håvard Strand (2014) Ukraine and the Role of the Security Forces in Popular Uprisings, Conflict Trends, 2. Oslo: PRIO.
Gates, Scott; Håvard Hegre; Håvard Mokleiv Nygård & Håvard Strand (2014) Development Consequences of Internal Armed Conflict, Conflict Trends, 3. Oslo: PRIO.
Gates, Scott; Håvard Strand & Kaare Strøm (2010) Peace and Democracy – Can We Have Both?, CSCW Policy Brief, 3. Oslo: PRIO.
Strand, Håvard & Scott Gates (2008) Lessons Learned from Power-sharing in Africa, CSCW Policy Brief, 8. Oslo: PRIO.
Gates, Scott & Kaare Strøm (2008) Power-sharing and Civil Conflict, CSCW Policy Brief, 1. Oslo: PRIO.
Gates, Scott & Kaare Strøm (2007) Power-sharing, Agency and Civil Conflict - Power-sharing Agreements, Negotiations and Peace Processes, CSCW Policy Brief, 1. Oslo: PRIO.

Report - Other

Bahgat, Karim; Kendra Dupuy; Scott Gates; Håvard Mokleiv Nygård; Siri Aas Rustad; Håvard Strand; Henrik Urdal; Gudrun Østby; Gray Barrett; & Solveig Hillesund (2017) Inequality and Armed Conflict: Evidence and Data.
Buhaug, Halvard; Scott Gates; Håvard Hegre; & Håvard Strand (2007) Global Trends in Armed Conflict, Globale Norge - hva nå?. Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Gleditsch, Nils Petter; Håvard Hegre; & Scott Gates (2004) Towards a Global Civil Peace, background note to the United Nations Foundation. .

Report - External Series

Strand, Håvard; Håvard Hegre; Scott Gates; & Marianne Dahl (2012) Why Waves? Global Patterns of Democratization, Working paper. .
Gates, Scott; Håvard Hegre; Håvard Mokleiv Nygård; & Håvard Strand (2010) Consequences of Civil War, Background paper for World Development Report 2011. .
Rustad, Siri Aas; Åshild Falch; Scott Gates; & Halvard Buhaug (2009) Risk Assessment and Mitigation Measures for Natural and Conflict-Related Hazards in Asia-Pacific, NGI Report 200716001. Oslo: Norwegian Geotechnical Institute.

Blog Posts

Trends in Armed Conflict, 1946–2014

Posted by Scott Gates, Håvard Mokleiv Nygård, Håvard Strand & Henrik Urdal on Friday, 29 April 2016

Headlines from battlefields in Syria, Libya​​, Nigeria, Afghanistan, and Ukraine give the impression that the world is becoming ever more violent. Indeed, since 2013 the number of armed conflicts in the world and the number of battle deaths has risen. Fortunately, the long-term trends nevertheless driving the waning of war are still at work.​ Since the Korean War, battle casualties have been declining. As a result of the civil wars in Syria and Iraq, casualties have risen to the highest level in 25 years, but are still far below levels of the Cold War. The number of conflicts has also risen in 2013 and 2014, ...

The Consequences of Internal Armed Conflict for Development (part 1)

Posted by Scott Gates, Håvard Hegre, Håvard Mokleiv Nygård & Håvard Strand on Wednesday, 8 April 2015

War is a development issue. War kills, and its consequences extend far beyond deaths in battle. Armed conflict often leads to forced migration, long-term refugee problems, and the destruction of infrastructure. Social, political, and economic institutions can be permanently damaged. The consequences of war, especially civil war, for development are profound. In this two-part post, we examine the development consequences of internal armed conflict. Part 1 focuses on how conflict affects development. Part 2 turns to the conflict trap and the post-2015 development agenda. Development in reverse The Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO) has investigated the consequences of internal armed ...

Development Consequences of Internal Armed Conflict

Posted by Scott Gates, Håvard Hegre, Håvard Mokleiv Nygård & Håvard Strand on Wednesday, 17 September 2014

The development consequences of armed conflict are profound and far-reaching. While the direct victims of war understandably receive most attention, the effects of conflict extend far beyond battlefield casualties and refugee camps. Research has shown that conflict affects all aspects of development covered by the Millennium Development Goals, and that conflict has been an important impediment to achieving these goals.  The consequences of conflict extend far beyond the battlefield. PRIO has documented substantial negative effects of conflict on most developmental indicators. The indirect effects of conflict may be as great as the direct effects. There is a clear case for ...

Ukraine and the Role of the Security Forces in Popular Uprisings

Posted by Marianne Dahl, Scott Gates, Håvard Mokleiv Nygård & Håvard Strand on Thursday, 12 June 2014

The recent uprising in Ukraine echoes what happened in the earlier Orange Revolution. Much can be learned by comparing these events and looking at similar uprisings in other countries. This comparison clearly shows the important role played by security forces in determining whether brutal repression or successful regime change will follow. How the security forces react is intimately linked to the tactics employed by civil society. Brief Points: Nonviolent revolt is much more likely to succeed. This has been evident in Ukraine and the Arab Spring.  The actions of security forces largely determine the success of popular uprisings, as seen in ...

Four Reasons Why Interstate Conflict Scholars Don’t Read Intrastate Work and Why They are Wrong, Part 2

Posted by Christian Davenport & Scott Gates on Monday, 10 February 2014

Part 1 of this two-part series is here. Misconception #3 – “The Domestic Conflict Field is a Mess” Misconception #4 -”There is No Good Data on Civil Conflict“ Read more at Political Violence @ a Glance, published January 30, 2014

Nepal Moves Towards Democracy

Posted by Helge Holtermann & Scott Gates on Saturday, 8 February 2014

Democracy is to a large extent about parties being willing to accept electoral defeat. In Nepal the Maoist Party, previously engaged in guerrilla warfare, has done precisely this. A wave of election boycotts is sweeping across Asia. In Thailand’s election on 2 February the “Democrats” succeeded in preventing voting in enough constituencies to delay the result. Bangladesh’s New Year election descended into pure farce following a boycott by most of the opposition. Last year’s election in Malaysia triggered massive protests, while in Cambodia the opposition is refusing to accept the results of the 2013 election. While this unrest has attracted ...

Four Reasons Why Interstate Conflict Scholars Don’t Read Intrastate Work and Why They are Wrong, Part 1

Posted by Christian Davenport & Scott Gates on Friday, 31 January 2014

Misconception #1 – “Intrastate Conflict Is Just Not as Important as Interstate Conflict” Misconception #2 – “Intrastate Conflict Has No Relevance to Interstate Conflict” Read more at Political Violence @ a Glance, published on January 21, 2014

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