Scott Gates

Research Professor. Editor, International Area Studies Review

Scott Gates
Email: scott@prio.org
Work phone: +4722 54 77 32
Mobile phone: +47916 48 367

Research Interests

Applied Game Theoretic Analysis, International Relations Theory, International Political Economy, Formal Models of Bureaucracy, Economic Modeling.

Background

​​​​Languages spoken:

English, Norwegian

Working experience:

Director, CSCW, PRIO, August 2002-2012

Professor, University of Oslo, 2015--

Professor, Norwegian Univ of Science & Technology, 2003--

Michigan State University, Associate Professor, 1996-2003

PRIO, Program Leader and Research Professor, 1999-2002

PRIO, Visiting Research Fellow, 1997- 1999

Norwegian Univ. of Science and Technology, Visiting Scholar 96-97,98

Univ. of Trondheim, Visiting Associate Professor, 1994-95

Michigan State University, Assistant Professor, 1989-1996

Education:

PhD, Political Science, University of Michigan, 1989
MS, Applied Economics, University of Minnesota, 1985
MA, Political Science, University of Michigan, 1983
BA, Political Science, University of Minnesota, 1980
BA, Anthopology, University of Minnesota, 1980

Research Groups

Full member:

PRIO Departments

Current
Historical

PRIO Projects

Ongoing:
Finished:

Events

PRIO started tracking events online in 2007. This listing is not complete. Past events may be mentioned in our news archive.

Publications

Recent publications

Gates, Scott; Marianne Dahl & Håvard Mokleiv Nygård (2016) Standing Idly by during the Revolution, PRIO Policy Brief, 15. Oslo: PRIO.
Hendrix, Cullen; Scott Gates & Halvard Buhaug (2016) Environment and Conflict, in Mason, T. David; & Sara McLaughlin Mitchell, eds, What Do We Know About Civil Wars?. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield (231–246).
Gates, Scott; Håvard Hegre; Håvard Mokleiv Nygård & Håvard Strand (2016) Development Consequences of Armed Conflict, in Pérouse de Montclos, Marc-Antoine; Elizabeth Minor; & Samrat Sinha, eds, Violence, Statistics, and the Politics of Accounting For the Dead. Berlin: Springer (25–45).

All publications

Peer-reviewed Journal Article

Kim, Woosang & Scott Gates (2015) Power Transition Theory and the Rise of China, International Area Studies Review 18(3): 219–226.
Brehm, John & Scott Gates (2015) Bureaucratic Politics arising from, Not Defined by, a Principal-Agency Dyad, Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory 25(1): 27–42.
Gates, Scott & Sukanya Podder (2015) Social Media, Recruitment, Allegiance, and the Islamic State, Perspectives on Terrorism 9(4): 107–116.
Nygård, Håvard Mokleiv; & Scott Gates (2013) Soft power at home and abroad: Sport diplomacy, politics and peace-building, International Area Studies Review 16(3): 235–243.
Binningsbø, Helga Malmin; Cyanne Loyle; Scott Gates; & Jon Elster (2012) Armed conflict and Post-conflict Justice, 1946–2006: A Dataset, Journal of Peace Research 49(5): 731–740.
Gates, Scott; Håvard Hegre; Håvard Mokleiv Nygård & Håvard Strand (2012) Development Consequences of Armed Conflict, World Development 40(9): 1713–1722.
Butler, Christopher K.; & Gates, Scott (2012)African Range Wars: Climate, Conflict, and Property Rights , Journal of Peace Research 49(1): 23–34.
Rustad, Siri Aas; Halvard Buhaug; Åshild Falch; & Scott Gates (2011) All Conflict Is Local: Modeling Sub-National Variation in Civil Conflict Risk, Conflict Management and Peace Science 28(1): 15–40.
Butler, Christopher K.; & Gates, Scott (2009) Asymmetry, Parity, and (Civil) War: Can International Theories of Power Help Us Understand Civil War? , International Interactions 35(3): 330 – 340.
Buhaug, Halvard; Scott Gates & Päivi Lujala (2009) Geography, Rebel Capability, and the Duration of Civil Conflict, Journal of Conflict Resolution 53(4): 544–569.
Gates, Scott; Håvard Hegre; Mark P. Jones; & Håvard Strand (2006) Institutional Inconsistency and Political Instability: Polity Duration, 1800-2000, American Journal of Political Science 50(4): 893–908.
Buhaug, Halvard & Scott Gates (2002) The Geography of Civil War, Journal of Peace Research 39(4): 417–433.

Monograph

Gates, Scott & Kaushik Roy (2014) Unconventional Warfare in South Asia, Shadow Warriors and Counterinsurgency. Farnham: Ashgate.
Brehm, John; & Gates, Scott (2008) Teaching, Tasks, and Trust - Functions of the Public Executive. : The Russel Sage Foundation Series on Trust.

Book Chapter

Hendrix, Cullen; Scott Gates & Halvard Buhaug (2016) Environment and Conflict, in Mason, T. David; & Sara McLaughlin Mitchell, eds, What Do We Know About Civil Wars?. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield (231–246).
Gates, Scott; Håvard Hegre; Håvard Mokleiv Nygård & Håvard Strand (2016) Development Consequences of Armed Conflict, in Pérouse de Montclos, Marc-Antoine; Elizabeth Minor; & Samrat Sinha, eds, Violence, Statistics, and the Politics of Accounting For the Dead. Berlin: Springer (25–45).
Gates, Scott; Kaushik Roy; Marianne Dahl & Håvard Mokleiv Nygård (2015) Continuity and Change in Asymmetric Warfare in Afghanistan: From the Mughals to the Americans, in Gates, Scott; & Kaushik Roy, eds, War and State-Building In Afghanistan: Historical and Modern Perspectives. London: Bloomsbury (21–42).
Gates, Scott & Kaushik Roy (2015) lntroduction: Armies, Warfare and the State in Afghanistan from Pre-modern Times to the Present Era, in Gates, Scott; & Kaushik Roy, eds, War and State-Building In Afghanistan: Historical and Modern Perspectives. London: Bloomsbury (1–20).
Gates, Scott(2011) Why Do Children Fight? Motivations and the Mode of Recruitment Child Soldiers: from Recruitment to Reintegration. : Palgrave Macmillan(29–49).
Gates, Scott; & Roy, Kaushik(2011) Introduction Unconventional Warfare In South Asia, 1947 to the Present. : Ashgate(9–30).
Gates, Scott; & Roy, Kaushik(2011) Introduction Conventional Warfare In South Asia, 1947 to the Present. : Ashgate(9–30).
Gates, Scott; & Roy, Kaushik(2011) Introduction The Nuclear Shadow Over South Asia, 1947 to the Present. : Ashgate(9–28).
Gates, Scott; & Butler, Christopher K.(2010) The Technology of Terror: Accounting for the Strategic Use of Terrorism Coping With Terrorism: Origins, Escalation, Counter Strategies and Responses. : (53—73).
Gates, Scott; & Reich, Simon(2010) Child Soldiers in the Age of Fractured States. Introduction Child Soldiers In the Age of Fractured States. : (3–13).
Gates, Scott; & Reich, Simon(2010) Conclusion: Children and Human Security Child Soldiers In the Age of Fractured States. : (247–254).
Andvig, Jens Chr.; & Gates, Scott(2010) Recruiting Children for Armed Conflict Child Soldiers In the Age of Fractured States. : (77–92).
Gates, Scott & Aysegul Aydin (2008) Rulers as Mass Murderers: Political Institutions and Human Insecurity, in Insecurity In Intra-State Conflicts: Governments, Rebels, and Outsiders. (72–95).

Edited Volume

Gates, Scott; & Kaushik Roy, eds, (2015) War and State-Building in Afghanistan: Historical and Modern Perspectives. London: Bloomsbury. Bloomsbury Studies in Military History.
Gates, Scott; & Kaushik Roy, eds, (2014) War and State-Building in Afghanistan: Historical and Modern Perspectives. London: Bloomsbury Academic. Bloomsbury Studies in Military History.
Gates, Scott; & Kaushik Roy, eds, (2011) Unconventional Warfare in South Asia to the Present. Farnham: Ashgate. Critical Essays on Warfare in South Asia, 1947 to the Present.
Gates, Scott; & Kaushik Roy, eds, (2011) The Nuclear Shadow over South Asia, 1947 to the Present. Farnham: Ashgate. Critical Essays on Warfare in South Asia, 1947 to Present.
Gates, Scott; & Kaushik Roy, eds, (2011) Conventioinal Warfare in South Asia, 1947 to the Present. Farnham: Ashgate. Critical Essays on Warfare in South Asia, 1947 to the Present.
Gates, Scott; Brad Gomez; & John Brehm, eds, (2003) Donut Shops, Speed Traps, and Paperwork. Ann Arbor. Politics, Policy, and Organizations: Essays in the Scientific Study of Bureaucracy.

Non-refereed Journal Article

Gates, Scott (2015) A letter from the Editor-in-Chief, International Area Studies Review 18(1).
Gates, Scott; & Reich, Simon (2009) Think Again: Child Soldiers , Foreign Policy .
Buhaug, Halvard; Scott Gates; Håvard Hegre; Håvard Strand; & Henrik Urdal (2009) Nils Petter Gleditsch: A Lifetime Achiever, European Political Science 8(1): 79–89.
Gates, Scott (2008) Mixing It Up: The Role of Theory in Mixed Method Research, in a Symposium: Bridging the Gap? Connecting Qualitative and Quantitative Methods in the Study of Civil War , Qualitative Methods 6(1): 27–29.

Popular Article

Gates, Scott; & Reich, Simon (2009) Sannheten om barnesoldater [The Truth about Child Soldiers], Dagbladet, 12 June.

Conference Paper

Hegre, Håvard;Nygård, Håvard Mokleiv;Strand, Håvard; & Gates, Scott 2012The Conflict Trap , presented at American Political Science Association Annual Meeting.
Hegre, Håvard 2012Why Waves? Global Patterns of Democratization, 1816-2008 , presented at 3rd International Conference on Democracy as Idea and Practice, Oslo, 12-13 January 2012.
Butler, Christopher K.; & Gates, Scott 2010 Property Rights and Conflict, .
Gates, Scott;Hegre, Håvard;Nygård, Håvard Mokleiv; & Strand, Håvard 2010 Arab Exceptionalism -- How I Stopped Worrying and Learned to Trust my Secret Police, presented at Peace Science Society (International) , , 21–23 Oct.
Butler, Christopher K.; & Gates, Scott 2010 African Range Wars, .
Gomsrud, Lars Seland;Gates, Scott; & Strand, Håvard 2009 Surviving the Capitalist Peace: Leaders' Incentives and Economic Freedom, presented at 5th ECPR General Conference, , 10 September.
Rustad, Siri Aas;Buhaug, Halvard;Falch, Åshild; & Gates, Scott 2009 Subnational Variation in Civil Conflict Risk, presented at 50th Annual Convention of the International Studies Association, , 15–18 February.
Gates, Scott; & Strøm, Kaare 2008 Power-sharing, Agency and Civil Conflict, presented at 2008 GROW-net meeting, , 15 September.
Gates, Scott; & Lektzian, David 2008 Drugs, Governance, and Civil Conflict, presented at International Studies Association, , 2008.
Gates, Scott; & Aydin, Aysegul 2008 From Repression to Genocide: Why Would a Leader Ever Commit Mass Murder?, presented at 49th Annual Meeting of the International Studies Association, , 26–29 March.
Gates, Scott 2007 Recruiting Child Soldiers, presented at the 48th Annual Metting of the International Studies Association, , 28 February–3 March.
Gates, Scott; & Aydin, Aysegul 2007 Why Do Rulers Commit Mass Murder? The Microfoundations of Human Insecurity, presented at the 48th Annual Metting of the International Studies Association, , 28 February–3 March.

PRIO Policy Brief

Gates, Scott; Marianne Dahl & Håvard Mokleiv Nygård (2016) Standing Idly by during the Revolution, PRIO Policy Brief, 15. Oslo: PRIO.
Gates, Scott; Håvard Mokleiv Nygård; Håvard Strand & Henrik Urdal (2016) Trends in Armed Conflict, 1946–2014, Conflict Trends, 1. Oslo: PRIO.
Gates, Scott; Håvard Mokleiv Nygård & Esther Trappeniers (2016) Conflict Recurrence, Conflict Trends, 2. Oslo: PRIO.
Gates, Scott; Håvard Hegre; Håvard Mokleiv Nygård & Håvard Strand (2014) Development Consequences of Internal Armed Conflict, Conflict Trends, 3. Oslo: PRIO.
Dahl, Marianne; Scott Gates; Håvard Mokleiv Nygård & Håvard Strand (2014) Ukraine and the Role of the Security Forces in Popular Uprisings, Conflict Trends, 2. Oslo: PRIO.
Gates, Scott; Håvard Strand & Kaare Strøm (2010) Peace and Democracy – Can We Have Both?, CSCW Policy Brief, 3. Oslo: PRIO.
Strand, Håvard & Scott Gates (2008) Lessons Learned from Power-sharing in Africa, PRIO Policy Brief, 8. Oslo: PRIO.
Gates, Scott & Kaare Strøm (2008) Power-sharing and Civil Conflict, CSCW Policy Brief, 1. Oslo: PRIO.
Gates, Scott & Kaare Strøm (2007) Power-sharing, Agency and Civil Conflict - Power-sharing Agreements, Negotiations and Peace Processes , CSCW Policy Brief, 1. Oslo: PRIO.

Report - Other

Buhaug, Halvard; Scott Gates; Håvard Hegre; & Håvard Strand (2007) Global Trends in Armed Conflict, Globale Norge - hva nå?. Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Report - External Series

Strand, Håvard;Hegre, Håvard;Gates, Scott; & Dahl, Marianne (2012) Why Waves? Global Patterns of Democratization , Working paper .
Gates, Scott;Hegre, Håvard;Nygård, Håvard Mokleiv; & Strand, Håvard (2010) Consequences of Civil War , Background paper for World Development Report 2011 .
Rustad, Siri Aas;Falch, Åshild;Gates, Scott; & Buhaug, Halvard (2009) Risk Assessment and Mitigation Measures for Natural and Conflict-Related Hazards in Asia-Pacific, NGI Report, 200716001. : Norwegian Geotechnical Institute.

Blog Posts

Trends in Armed Conflict, 1946–2014

Posted by Scott Gates, Håvard Mokleiv Nygård, Håvard Strand & Henrik Urdal on Friday, 29 April 2016

Headlines from battlefields in Syria, Libya​​, Nigeria, Afghanistan, and Ukraine give the impression that the world is becoming ever more violent. Indeed, since 2013 the number of armed conflicts in the world and the number of battle deaths has risen. Fortunately, the long-term trends nevertheless driving the waning of war are still at work.​ Since the Korean War, battle casualties have been declining. As a result of the civil wars in Syria and Iraq, casualties have risen to the highest level in 25 years, but are still far below levels of the Cold War. The number of conflicts has also risen in 2013 and 2014, ...

The Consequences of Internal Armed Conflict for Development (part 1)

Posted by Scott Gates, Håvard Hegre, Håvard Mokleiv Nygård & Håvard Strand on Wednesday, 8 April 2015

War is a development issue. War kills, and its consequences extend far beyond deaths in battle. Armed conflict often leads to forced migration, long-term refugee problems, and the destruction of infrastructure. Social, political, and economic institutions can be permanently damaged. The consequences of war, especially civil war, for development are profound. In this two-part post, we examine the development consequences of internal armed conflict. Part 1 focuses on how conflict affects development. Part 2 turns to the conflict trap and the post-2015 development agenda. Development in reverse The Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO) has investigated the consequences of internal armed ...

Development Consequences of Internal Armed Conflict

Posted by Scott Gates, Håvard Hegre, Håvard Mokleiv Nygård & Håvard Strand on Wednesday, 17 September 2014

The development consequences of armed conflict are profound and far-reaching. While the direct victims of war understandably receive most attention, the effects of conflict extend far beyond battlefield casualties and refugee camps. Research has shown that conflict affects all aspects of development covered by the Millennium Development Goals, and that conflict has been an important impediment to achieving these goals.  The consequences of conflict extend far beyond the battlefield. PRIO has documented substantial negative effects of conflict on most developmental indicators. The indirect effects of conflict may be as great as the direct effects. There is a clear case for ...

Ukraine and the Role of the Security Forces in Popular Uprisings

Posted by Marianne Dahl, Scott Gates, Håvard Mokleiv Nygård & Håvard Strand on Thursday, 12 June 2014

The recent uprising in Ukraine echoes what happened in the earlier Orange Revolution. Much can be learned by comparing these events and looking at similar uprisings in other countries. This comparison clearly shows the important role played by security forces in determining whether brutal repression or successful regime change will follow. How the security forces react is intimately linked to the tactics employed by civil society. Brief Points: Nonviolent revolt is much more likely to succeed. This has been evident in Ukraine and the Arab Spring.  The actions of security forces largely determine the success of popular uprisings, as seen in ...

Four Reasons Why Interstate Conflict Scholars Don’t Read Intrastate Work and Why They are Wrong, Part 2

Posted by Christian Davenport & Scott Gates on Monday, 10 February 2014

Part 1 of this two-part series is here. Misconception #3 – “The Domestic Conflict Field is a Mess” Misconception #4 -”There is No Good Data on Civil Conflict“ Read more at Political Violence @ a Glance, published January 30, 2014

Nepal Moves Towards Democracy

Posted by Helge Holtermann & Scott Gates on Saturday, 8 February 2014

Democracy is to a large extent about parties being willing to accept electoral defeat. In Nepal the Maoist Party, previously engaged in guerrilla warfare, has done precisely this. A wave of election boycotts is sweeping across Asia. In Thailand’s election on 2 February the “Democrats” succeeded in preventing voting in enough constituencies to delay the result. Bangladesh’s New Year election descended into pure farce following a boycott by most of the opposition. Last year’s election in Malaysia triggered massive protests, while in Cambodia the opposition is refusing to accept the results of the 2013 election. While this unrest has attracted ...

Four Reasons Why Interstate Conflict Scholars Don’t Read Intrastate Work and Why They are Wrong, Part 1

Posted by Christian Davenport & Scott Gates on Friday, 31 January 2014

Misconception #1 – “Intrastate Conflict Is Just Not as Important as Interstate Conflict” Misconception #2 – “Intrastate Conflict Has No Relevance to Interstate Conflict” Read more at Political Violence @ a Glance, published on January 21, 2014

Related pages