Kristin Bergtora Sandvik

Research Professor in Humanitarian Studies

Kristin Bergtora Sandvik
Email: bergtora@prio.org
Work phone: 22 54 77 92

Research Interests

What I am doing at the moment: Spring 2017

I am a Research Professor in Humanitarian Studies at PRIO, and the coordinator for the Humanitarianism research group. I have previously been the Director for the Norwegian Centre for Humanitarian Studies.  My main affiliation is now with the University of Oslo, where I am a professor at the faculty of Law (Sociology of Law) and writing a legal sociology of humanitarianism. At PRIO, I lead the project "Aid in Crisis? Rights-Based Approaches and Humanitarian Outcomes".  I am also a member of PRIOs new project on Humanitarian Borders.  As part of the BraGS project, I am wrapping up work on an edited volume on "Resettlement as humanitarian governance" with Adele Garnier and Liliana Jubilut. I am continuing my collaboration with Julieta Lemaitre at Universidad de Los Andes (Colombia) on transitional justice and legal mobilization in violent context.  Finally, I continue to work on humanitarian and military technology.

The Political Sociology of Humanitarianism

  • The Law of Humanitarian Action
  • Soft Law and Rules of Engagement (RoE)
  • Legal Mobilization in Violent Context
  • Feminist Legal Studies
  • Transitional Justice

Emergent Military and Humanitarian Technology

  • Regulation of Drones and Robotics
  • Cybersecurity and the Ethics of Big Data
  • The regulatory modalities of technology during crisis
  • Humanitarian Experimentation

Forced Displacement

  • UNHCR
  • Accountability in Refugee Management
  • Resettlement
  • IDP's in Colombia

Background

Personal profiles on other sites

The University of Oslo

LinkedIn

Academia.edu

Norwegian Centre for Humanitarian Studies

Work experience

2009 –Senior Researcher, PRIO
2016 –​Coordinator, Humanitarianism Research Group, PRIO
2016 –​Professor, Department of Criminology and Sociology of Law, University of Oslo
2012 – 2016​Director for the Norwegian Centre for Humanitarian Studies

Education

  • Doctor of Juridical Sciences, S.J.D Harvard Law School 2008
  • Visiting Fellowship, RSC, University of Oxford 2006
  • Visiting Researcher,  Refugee Law Project, Uganda 2005
  • Candidata Juris, Masters in Women's Law, University of Oslo 2002

I am a board member of the International Humanitarian Studies association, a deputy board member at NORAGRIC and an editorial board member of Security Dialogue.

Events

PRIO started tracking events online in 2007. This listing is not complete. Past events may be mentioned in our news archive.

Publications

 

Recent Publications

Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora & Julieta Lemaitre (2017) Finding the Roads to Justice? Examining Trajectories of Transition for Internally Displaced Women in Colombia, Stability: International Journal of Security and Development 6(1): 1–18.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora & Nathaniel A. Raymond (2017) Beyond the Protective Effect: Towards a Theory of Harm for Information Communication Technologies in Mass Atrocity Response, Genocide Studies and Prevention: an International Journal 11(1): 9–24.

All Publications

Peer-reviewed Journal Article

Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora & Julieta Lemaitre (2017) Finding the Roads to Justice? Examining Trajectories of Transition for Internally Displaced Women in Colombia, Stability: International Journal of Security and Development 6(1): 1–18.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora & Nathaniel A. Raymond (2017) Beyond the Protective Effect: Towards a Theory of Harm for Information Communication Technologies in Mass Atrocity Response, Genocide Studies and Prevention: an International Journal 11(1): 9–24.
Lohne, Kjersti & Kristin Bergtora Sandvik (2017) Bringing Law into the Political Sociology of Humanitarianism, Oslo Law Review 4(1): 4–27.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora & Kristian Hoelscher (2017) The Reframing of the War on Drugs as a “Humanitarian Crisis”: Costs, Benefits and Consequences, Latin American Perspectives 44(4): 168–182.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2016) The humanitarian cyberspace: shrinking space or an expanding frontier?, Third World Quarterly 37(1): 17–32.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2015) African Drone Stories, BEHEMOTH a Journal on Civilisation 8(2): 73–96.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora & Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert (2015) Les drones humanitaires [Humanitarian drones], RIS La Revue Internationale et Strategique 98(2): 139–146.
Lemaitre, Julieta & Kristin Bergtora Sandvik (2015) Shifting Frames, Vanishing Resources, and Dangerous Political Opportunities: Legal Mobilization among Displaced Women in Colombia, Law & Society Review 49(1): 5–38.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora; Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert; John Karlsrud & Mareile Kaufmann (2014) Humanitarian technology: a critical research agenda, International Review of the Red Cross 96(893): 219–242.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora & Kjersti Lohne (2014) The Rise of the Humanitarian Drone: Giving Content to an Emerging Concept, Millennium Journal of International Studies 43(1): 145–164.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora; Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert & John Karlsrud (2014) Ny humanitær teknologi - en kritisk forskningsagenda [New humanitarian technologies - a critical research agenda], Internasjonal Politikk(2): 224–233.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2014) Teknologi og det humanitære fornyelsesprosjektet [Technology and the Humanitarian Renewal Project], Internasjonal Politikk(2): 272–281.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2014) Regulating War in the Shadow of Law: Toward a Re-Articulation of ROE, Journal of Military Ethics 13(2): 118–136.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora & Julieta Lemaitre (2014) Beyond Sexual Violence in Transitional Justice: Political Insecurity as a Gendered Harm, Feminist Legal Studies 22(3): 243–261.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora; Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert; John Karlsrud & Mareile Kaufmann (2014) Technologie humanitaire: pour un programme de recherche critique [Humanitarian technology: a critical research agenda], Revue Internationale de la Croix-Rouge, Sélection francaise 96(1): 179–204.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora & Julieta Lemaitre (2013) Internally Displaced Women as Knowledge Producers and Users in Humanitarian Action: The View from Colombia, Disasters 37(1): 36–50.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora & Hans-Inge Giske Langø (2013) Cyberspace og sikkerhet, Internasjonal Politikk 71(2): 221–228.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2013) Cyberkrig og internasjonal rett, Internasjonal Politikk 71(2): 252–262.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2012) Negotiating the Humanitarian Past: History, Memory, and Unstable Cityscapes in Kampala, Uganda, Refugee Survey Quarterly 31(1): 108–122.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2011) Blurring Boundaries: Refugee Resettlement in Kampala—between the Formal, the Informal, and the Illegal, PoLAR: Political and Legal Anthropology Review 34(1): 11–32.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2010) Unpacking World Refugee Day: Humanitarian Governance and Human Rights Practice?, Journal of Human Rights Practice 2(2): 287–298.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2010) A Legal History: the Emergence of the African Resettlement Candidate in International Refugee Management, International Journal of Refugee Law 22(1): 20–47.

Book Chapter

Lemaitre, Julieta & Kristin Bergtora Sandvik (2016) Structural Remedies and the One Million Pesos: On the Limits of Court-Ordered Social Change for Internally Displaced Women in Colombia, in Rubenstein, Kim; & Katharine G. Young, eds, The Public Law of Gender from the Local to the Global. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (99–122).
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2016) Stronger, Faster, Better: Three Logics of Humanitarian Futureproofing, in Heins, Volker; Kai Koddenbrock; & Christine Unrau, eds, Humanitarianism and Challenges of Cooperation. London: Routledge (97–112).
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2016) How accountability technologies shape international protection: results-based management and rights-based approaches revisited, in Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora; & Katja Lindskov Jacobsen, eds, UNHCR and the Struggle for Accountability, Technology, law and results-based management. London: Routledge Humanitarian Studies (138–158).
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2016) Law in the militarization of cyber space: framing a critical research agenda, in Friis, Karsten; & Jens Ringsmose, eds, Conflict in Cyber Space: Theoretical, strategic and legal perspectives. Abingdon: Routledge (175–197).
Lindskov Jacobsen, Katja & Kristin Bergtora Sandvik (2016) Introduction: The Quest for an Accountability Cure, in Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora; & Katja Lindskov Jacobsen, eds, UNHCR and the Struggle for Accountability, Technology, law and results-based management. London: Routledge Humanitarian Studies (1–25).
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora; Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert & Kjersti Lohne (2016) Drones for Good: Conceptualizing the Role of Drones in Global Governance, in China International Strategy Review 2016. Beijing: Long River Press Peking.
Jumbert, Maria Gabrielsen & Kristin Bergtora Sandvik (2016) Introduction: What Does It Take to Be Good?, in Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora; & Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert, eds, The Good Drone. London: Ashgate (1–25).
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2016) The Public Order Drone: Promises, Proliferation and Disorder in Civil Airspace, in Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora; & Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert, eds, The Good Drone. London: Ashgate (109–128).
Lidén, Kristoffer & Kristin Bergtora Sandvik (2016) Poison Pill or Cure-All: Drones and the Protection of Civilians, in Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora; & Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert, eds, The Good Drone. London: Ashgate. London: Ashgate (65–88).
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2016) The Political and Moral Economies of Dual Technology Transfers: Arming Police Drones, in Aleš Završnik, ed., Drones and Unmanned Aerial Systems: Legal and Social Implications for Security and Surveillance. Berlin: Springer International Publishing (45–66).
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora & Julieta Lemaitre (2015) From IDPs to Victims in Colombia: A Bottom-Up Reading of Law in Post-Conflict Transitions, in Saul, Matthew; & James A. Sweeney, eds, International Law and Post-Conflict Reconstruction Policy. London and New York: Routledge (251–271).
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2013) The Multiple Tracks of Human Rights and Humanitarianism, in Derman, Bill; Anne Hellum; & Kristin Bergtora Sandvik, eds, Worlds of Human Rights. the Ambiguities of Rights Claiming in Africa. Leiden: Brill.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2013) Rights-Based Humanitarianism as Emancipation or Stratification? Rumors and Procedures of Verification in Urban Refugee Management in Kampala, Uganda, in Derman, Bill; Anne Hellum; & Kristin Bergtora Sandvik, eds, Worlds of Human Rights. the Ambiguities of Rights Claiming in Africa. Leiden: Brill.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2013) Ethnographic and Historical Perspectives on Rights Claiming on the African Continent, in Derman, Bill; Anne Hellum; & Kristin Bergtora Sandvik, eds, Worlds of Human Rights, the Ambiguities of Rights Claiming In Africa. Leiden: Brill.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2013) The Risks of Technological Innovation, in World's Disaster Report (2013) Technology and the Future of Humanitarian Action. Geneva: IFRC.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora(2010) Rapprochement and Misrecognition: Humanitarianism as Human Rights Practice The New International Law. : (139–157).
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2010) On the Social Life of International Organisations: Framing Accountability in Refugee Resettlement, in Wouters, Jan; Eva Brems; Stefaan Smis; & Pierre Schmitt, eds, Accountability for Human Rights Violations of International Organisations. Mortsel: Intersentia Publishers (287–310).
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2010) International Law and Security, in J. Peter Burgess, ed., The Routledge Handbook of New Security Studies. London: (110–120).
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora(2009) The physicality of legal consciousness: suffering and the production of credibility in refugee resettlement Humanitarianism and Suffering the Mobilization of Empathy (Wilson & Brown Eds). : Cambridge University Press.

Edited Volume

Garnier, Adèle ; Liliana Lyra Jubilut ; & Kristin Bergtora Sandvik, eds, (2017) Refugee Resettlement: Power, Politics and Humanitarian Governance. New York: Berghahn.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora; & Katja Lindskov Jacobsen, eds, (2016) UNHCR and the Struggle for Accountability Technology, law and results-based management. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge. Routledge Humanitarian Studies.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora; & Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert, eds, (2016) The Good Drone. Oxon, New York: Routledge.
Derman, Bill; Anne Hellum; & Kristin Bergtora Sandvik, eds, (2013) Worlds of Human Rights: The Ambiguities of Rights Claiming in Africa. Leiden-Boston: Brill. Afrika-Studiecentrum Series.

Popular Article

Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2016) Futureproofing humanitarianism for permanent emergencies: unpacking the promise of cooperation, A Quest for Humanitarian Effectiveness, 15 March.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora & Kristian Hoelscher (2016) Is The War on Drugs a Humanitarian Crisis?, ATHA.SE, 4 March.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2016) The Refugee Crisis as a Global Humanitarian Challenge, European Council of Foreign Relations, 3 February.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora & Julieta Lemaitre (2015) From IDPs to Victims in Colombia: Transition from Humanitarian Crisis through Law Reform?, Reliefweb, 1 December.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora & Kjersti Lohne (2015) What's wrong with the idea that 'robots don't rape'?, Open Democracy, 1 November.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora & Kjersti Lohne (2015) Lethal Autonomous Weapons: Killing the ‘Robots-don’t-Rape’ Argument, IntLawGrrls, 5 August.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora & Julieta Lemaitre (2015) Beyond Sexual Violence: Gendered Political Insecurity as a Threat to Peace, IntLawGrrls, 8 April.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2015) Evaluating Ebola: the politics of the military response narrative, EISF, 16 March.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2015) Conundrums in the Embrace of the Private Sector, ATHA.SE, 18 February.
Jumbert, Maria Gabrielsen; John Karlsrud & Kristin Bergtora Sandvik (2014) Bedre nødhjelp [Better aid], Dagens Næringsliv, 24 July.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora; John Karlsrud & Chris Wilson (2014) A Humanitarian Technology Policy Agenda for 2016, ATHA.SE the Advanced Training Program on Humanitarian Action, 30 June.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora; Maral Mirshahi & Nicholas Marsh (2014) Killer robots – hvorfor ønsker man et forbud? [Killer Robots - The Quest for a Ban], NRK Ytring, 12 May.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora & Nicholas Marsh (2014) Lethal Autonomous Weapons: Issues for the International Community, Security & Defence Agenda, 9 May.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora; Nicholas Marsh & Maral Mirshahi (2014) The Struggle to Ban Killer Robots, Bullentin of Atomic Scientists, 7 May.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora; Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert & John Karlsrud (2014) Blir humanitære organisasjoner de nye overvåkerne? [Will Humanitarian Organizations Become the New Surveillance Monitors?], Bistandsaktuelt, 12 February.
Jumbert, Maria Gabrielsen; John Karlsrud & Kristin Bergtora Sandvik (2013) Vil aggressive fredsoperasjoner løse Malis humanitære krise? [Will Aggressive Peace Operations Solve the Humanitarian Crisis in Mali?], Bistandsaktuelt, 20 September.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2013) Fra ubemannede fly til drapsroboter, NRK Ytring, 18 July.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora & Kjersti Lohne (2013) The promise and perils of ‘disaster drones’, Humanitarian Exchange Magazine 58, 1 July.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2013) Fra ubemannede fly til drapsroboter [From UAVs to killer robots], NRK Ytring, 27 May.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2012) Droner truer demokratiet, Klassekampen, .
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2011) Morgendagens Kriger [Tomorrow's Wars], Aftenposten, 20 June.

PRIO Report

Lemaitre, Julieta; Kristin Bergtora Sandvik; & Juliana Vargas Gómez (2014) Organización comunitaria y derechos humanos. La movilización legal de las mujeres desplazadas en Colombia. [Community organization and human rights. Legal mobilization of displaced women in Colombia.], PRIO Report, 10. Colombia: Universidad de los Andes (Justica Global).
Lemaitre, Julieta; Kristin Bergtora Sandvik; Eva Sol López; Juan Pablo Mosquera; Juliana Vargas Gómez; & Patricia Guerrero (2014) Sueño de vida digna” La Liga de Mujeres Desplazadas: Estudio de caso en mejores prácticas de organización de base para el goce efectivo de derechos. [Dream about a decent life. The League of Displaced Women: A Case Study of best practices organization based on the full enjoyment of rights], PRIO Report, 7. Colombia: Universidad de los Andes (Justica Global).
Lemaitre, Julieta; Kristin Bergtora Sandvik; Luz Estella Romero Villalba; Ana Manuela Ochoa Arias; Valentina González Villegas; & Sandra Vargas Mahecha (2014) Defensoras de derechos humanos Tres estudios de casos de ONG y su respuesta al desplazamiento forzado [Human rights defenders, Three studies of NGO's and response to forced displacement], PRIO Report, 9. Colombia: Universidad de los Andes (Justica Global).
Lemaitre, Julieta; Eva Sol López; Juan Pablo Mosquera; Kristin Bergtora Sandvik; & Juliana Vargas Gómez (2014) De desplazados a víctimas. Los cambios legales y la participación de la Mesa de Víctimas de Mocoa, Putumayo. [Displaced victims. Legal changes and involvement of the Bureau of Victims of Mocoa, Putumayo.], PRIO Report, 8. Colombia: Universidad de los Andes (Justica Global).

Conference Paper

Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2016) ‘Now Is the Time to Deliver’: Understanding Humanitarian Innovation as Buzzword, presented at The World Conference on Humanitarian Studies on Changing Crises and the Quest for Adequate Solutions, Addis Ababa, 05/03/2016.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2016) The refugee crisis: a common challenge?, presented at Europe, China and the UN in an Age of Crises, Peking University, 14.01.2016–15.01.2016.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2015) Humanitarian Drones?, presented at MSF (Doctors Without Borders) Brussels, Brussels, 27 May 2015.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2015) Resettlement comments Alexander Betts, presented at Resettlement, Regional Solutions and Humanitarian Assistance, Oslo, 12 June 2015.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2015) Drones for Humanitarian «Interventions», presented at Drones: From Technology to Policy, Security to Ethics, Zürich, 30.01.2015.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2015) Humanitarian Cyberspace: Expanding Frontiers or Shrinking Space?, presented at Virtual Zones of Peace and Conflict, Copenhagen, 13.01.2015.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2015) Actors, agendas and legal categories in post-war Colombia. Armed Non State Actors and Access to Health in Armed Conflict, presented at Armed Non State Actors and Access to Health in Armed Conflict, Oslo, 12.02.2015.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2015) From IDPs to victims in Colombia: Reflections on durable solutions in the post-conflict setting, presented at From beneficiaries to actors: Exploring displaced persons’ roles in resolution processes, McGill University, 14.12.2015–15.12.2015.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora & Astri Suhrke (2013) The Future of Armed Drones- How to Protect Civilians, presented at Breakfast Seminar, Bergen, 16/05/13.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2013) Drone Pilots, Humanitarians and the Videogame Analogy: Unpacking the ConversationTrondheim, 5–7 February.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2013) The Birth of the Humanitarian Combat Drone: A Preliminary Typology, presented at An Open World: Niels Bohr Conference 2013, Copenhagen, 04.12.13 – 06.12.13.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2013) Armed Humanitarian Drones? Paradoxes and Pitfalls, presented at The Future of Warfare, Oslo, 01/11/13 – 02/11/13.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2013) Breakfast Seminar: Return to Somalia: A New Era?, presented at Breakfast Seminar: Return to Somalia: A New Era?, Oslo, 21/03/13.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2013) Panel Challenges in Humanitarian Innovation: Emerging Risks to the Principled and Secure Use of Information in Humanitarian Response -, presented at The World Conference on Humanitarian Studies, Istanbul, 24/10/13 – 27/10/13.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2013) Righteous trajectory: From Killer Drone to Disaster Drone Pilot, presented at The World Conference on Humanitarian Studies, Istanbul, 24/10/13 – 27/10/13.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2013) ‘Unblocking Colombia: the Practice and Politics of lifting bans’, presented at The Politics of the List: Law, Security, Technology, Canterbury, 31/10/13 – 01/11/13.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2013) UNHCR Reforms Revisited: Rights-based versus Results-based, presented at The World Conference on Humanitarian Studies, Istanbul, 24/10/13 – 27/10/13.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora; Mareile Kaufmann; Kjersti Lohne; & John Karlsrud (2013) Big data, data protection and humanitarian decision making: challenges to accountability and transparency, presented at Disaster Drones: Promises and Pitfalls for Humanitarian Action, Oslo, 22/04/13.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2013) “Now the Law Says You Are a Victim”: From Humanitarian Crisis to Transitional Justice in Colombia, presented at Protection of Civilians (PoC) seminar, Bergen, 04/11/13 – 05/11/13.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2013) Folkerettslige problemstillinger knyttet til fenomenet. Er miltærmakt svaret? Betyr det noe hvordan stater møter utfordringene?, presented at Frokostmøte: Cyberkrig – hva skjer?, Oslo, 11/04/13.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2013) Unmanned Aerial Vehicles and Autonomous Weapons-, presented at PhD Course: Emerging Military Technologies - New Normative Challenges, Oslo, 13/11/13 – 15/11/13.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2013) Utenriksministerens sikkerhetspolitiske utvalg-Briefing om droneproblematikken, presented at Utenriksministerens sikkerhetspolitiske utvalg, Oslo, 15/04/13.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2013) Fra dronekrig til UAV i det sivile luftrom - Globale trender og utfordringerLuftfartskonferansen 2013, Bodø.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2013) Structural Litigation during Ongoing Conflict: The Constitutional Court and Displaced Women’s Organizations in Colombia, presented at Law and Society Association, annual Meeting, Boston, 2 June 2013.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora 2013Does Legal Mobilization Work in Conflict Zones? A Study of Displaced Women’s Organizations in Colombia, presented at Law and Society Association, annual meeting.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora 2013Internasjonal rett og militariseringen av cyberspace, presented at Fokus: Cyberspace og sikkerhet.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2013) The War on Drugs as “Humanitarian Crisis": Examining the Latin American Experience, presented at Seventh Annual Conference of the International Society for the Study of Drug Policy, Bogota.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2013) Framtidas Krig, presented at Framtidas Krig, Bergen, 16/10/13.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2013) Relief and Disaster Drones: Commercial Logic as Humanitarian Logic?, presented at Spy in the Sky: Regulatory Issues of Drones and Unmanned Aerial Systems, Ljubliana, Slovenia, May 23, 2013.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora; & Lohne, Kjersti 2012 Technology Transfers from the Military to the Humanitarian Field: the Rise of the Humanitarian Drone, presented at Humanitarianism: Past, Present, Future, , .
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora & Julieta Lemaitre (2012) The Courts and the Women: Female IDP Organisations and Human Rights Litigation in Colombia, presented at Engendering Governance Workshop (CIPL Workshop), Canberra, 6–8 August.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora; & Lohne, Kjersti 2012 Robot Technology and the Drone Stare: Seeing or Unseeing Humanitarian Suffering?, presented at Political Theatres of Suffering: Humanitarian Politics and Representation of Distant Suffering, , .
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora 2011 The Quest for Credible Resettlement Claims: Navigating Collective Identity and Personal Encounters in Kampala, Uganda, presented at La fabrique institutionnelle de l'asile et de la protection des réfugiés, , .
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora;Kaufmann, Mareile; & Lohne, Kjersti 2011 Terror Threats, Data Protection and Human Security: A Shifting Interface in Norwegian Law?, presented at ECPR Conference, , 27 August.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2011) Collaborative Feminist Methodologies - In the Emergency Zone?, presented at The Second World Conference of Humanitarian Studies, Tufts University, Medford, MA, 2–5 June.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora 2010 Negotiating the Humanitarian Past: Officializing UNHCR Practice in Uganda, presented at The Anthropology of International Institutions: How Ethnography Contributes to Understanding Mechanisms of Global Governance, , 11 June.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora 2009 The Legitimacy of Humanitarian Governance: On the Relationship between Indicators, Law, and Rights, presented at 2009 Annual Meeting the Law and Society Association (LSA), , 30 May.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2009) The Politics and Possibilities of Victimhood, A Cosmopolitan Perspective, presented at Cosmopolitan Justice and its Discontents Interdisciplinary Conference, Voksenåsen Hotel, Oslo, 16 October.

PRIO Policy Brief

Lemaitre, Julieta & Kristin Bergtora Sandvik (2016) Tailoring Protection of Civilians to State Capacity, PRIO Policy Brief, 8. Oslo: PRIO.
Fladvad Nielsen, Brita; Kristin Bergtora Sandvik & Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert (2016) How Can Innovation Deliver Humanitarian Outcomes?, PRIO Policy Brief, 12. Oslo: PRIO.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora & Kristian Hoelscher (2016) Is the War on Drugs a “Humanitarian Crisis”?, PRIO Policy Brief, 2. Oslo: PRIO.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2012) International Human Rights and Humanitarian Law in the Global Legal Order, PRIO Policy Brief, 1. Oslo: PRIO.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2012) Cyberwar as an Issue of International law, PRIO Policy Brief, 4. Oslo: PRIO.

PRIO Paper

Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2012) Towards a Militarization of Cyberspace-Cyberwar as an Issue of International Law, PRIO Paper. Oslo: PRIO.

Report - External Series

Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2013) Drone Pilots, Humanitarians and the Videogame Analogy: Unpacking the Conversation, UAV – bare ny teknologi eller en ny strategisk virkelighet? Luftkrigsskolens skriftserie volum 29 , 29. Trondheim: Luftkrigsskolen.

Book Review

Donini, Antonio (2013) Review of Review of Kristin Bergtora Sandvik, ed., The Golden Fleece: Manipulation and Independence in Humanitarian Action, in Journal of Peace Research 50(3): 426–427.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2009) Review of Gunnarsson, Asa; Eva-Maria Svensson ; & Margaret Davies, eds, Exploiting the Limits of Law: Swedish Feminism and the Challenge to Pessimism, in NORA - Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research 17(2): 129–132.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2009) Review of Routledge, P.; & A. Cumbers, eds, Global Justice Networks, Geographies of Transnational Solidarity, in Forum for Development Studies 36(2): 341–343.

Blog Posts

Building a Sociology of Law for the Humanitarian Field

Posted by Kjersti Lohne & Kristin B. Sandvik on Thursday, 31 August 2017

Legal sociology has paid significant attention to human rights, but in contrast to legal anthropology, little focus has been given to humanitarianism. In this contribution, we ask, what does a legal sociological research agenda for the humanitarian field look like? Humanitarianism is many things to many people. As described by ... Read more »

The Myth of ICT’s Protective Effect in Mass Atrocity Response

Posted by Kristin B. Sandvik & Nathaniel A. Raymond on Tuesday, 20 June 2017

Information Communication Technologies (ICTs) are now being employed as a standard part of mass atrocity response, evidence collection, and research by non-governmental organizations, governments, and the private sector. Deployment of these tools and techniques occur for a variety of stated reasons, most notably the ostensible goal of “protecting” vulnerable populations. ... Read more »

Most Importantly a Nobel for the Colombian People and the Victims of the Civil War

Posted by Kristin B. Sandvik on Friday, 7 October 2016

The Norwegian Nobel Committee emphasizes that the award of the 2016 Nobel Peace Prize to the Colombian president Juan Manuel Santos is not only a prize given in recognition of his own personal efforts to end the more than 50 year old civil war in the country, but that this ... Read more »

Refugee Resettlement as Humanitarian Governance: The Need for a Critical Research Agenda

Posted by Adèle Garnier, Kristin B. Sandvik & Liliana Lyra Jubilut on Wednesday, 14 September 2016

This blog post suggests understanding refugee resettlement as an instrument of humanitarian governance from the selection of refugees to their long-term integration. It presents a five-point research agenda aiming to investigate resettlement’s power dynamics in multiscalar perspective, with a focus on: political economy; the UNHCR’s competing goals; and the role ... Read more »

African Drone Proliferation: The Meaning of Leapfrogging

Posted by Kristin B. Sandvik on Tuesday, 7 June 2016

The ongoing drone proliferation throughout Africa has received little critical attention. However, African drone proliferation has become a vehicle for the production and distribution of forms of legitimacy and of resources that have implications for drone proliferation both within and outside Africa.  More specifically, the percep­tion of Africa as being ... Read more »

The Humanitarian Quest for Accountability: Examining the role of UNHCR

Posted by Kristin B. Sandvik & Katja Lindskov Jacobsen on Monday, 23 May 2016

The European refugee crisis has been a difficult experience for the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). On the one hand, UNHCR has been criticized by civil society and the humanitarian community for not being present on Greek islands. On the other hand, the organization has experienced difficulties in ... Read more »

Insecurity in the Humanitarian Cyberspace: A Call for Innovation

Posted by Kristin B. Sandvik on Monday, 9 May 2016

Humanitarian practitioners and scholars are currently struggling with how to analyse the opportunities and challenges of technological innovation. This includes not only what technological innovation can do for humanitarianism but also what it does to humanitarian action. Over the last two decades, innovations have fueled the creation of a humanitarian ... Read more »

Is The War on Drugs a Humanitarian Crisis?

Posted by Kristin B. Sandvik & Kristian Hoelscher on Friday, 18 March 2016

Humanitarian actors increasingly look to frame the failure of the War on Drugs as an imperative for renewed engagement in Latin America. When leaders meet at UNGASS 2016 in April, legalization will be central in discussions, but issues of humanitarian encroachment should also be on the table. In Latin America, ... Read more »

Futureproofing Humanitarianism for Permanent Emergencies: Unpacking the Promise of Cooperation

Posted by Kristin B. Sandvik on Wednesday, 16 March 2016

Despite the strong growth of the humanitarian sector, there is an increasing operational and financial deficit in the capacity of governments and humanitarian organizations to respond. This has led to calls for changes in the way such crises are understood and managed. As humanitarians grapple with what is increasingly imagined ... Read more »

New Developments in Drone Proliferation: How Africa was Deployed to Rescue Drones

Posted by Kristin B. Sandvik on Wednesday, 24 February 2016

Debates on global drone proliferation tend to assume that adoption and adaptation of drones follow a universal logic and that the drone industry is a singular thing, geographically concentrated in the Global North. In this blog post I argue that these assumptions make it difficult to critically assess the growth ... Read more »

An Academic New Year’s Resolution for Colombia: Understanding Continued Gendered Violence as a Threat to Positive Peace

Posted by Kristin B. Sandvik on Wednesday, 16 December 2015

Over the last decade, Colombia has been host to the world’s largest population of internally displaced people (IDP). In 2016, it is expected that the Colombian government and FARC will reach a peace agreement, marking the formal end of more than 50 years of civil war. It is widely recognized ... Read more »

What’s Wrong with the Idea that ‘Robots don’t Rape’?

Posted by Kristin B. Sandvik & Kjersti Lohne on Wednesday, 2 December 2015

The politics of rape denunciation is fast becoming the politics of lobbyists, vendors and military manufacturers seeking access to new customers and markets. The recognition of wartime rape as a fundamental violation of international law has been a hard-fought victory. Ending rape and other forms of sexual violence in war ... Read more »

Lethal Autonomous Weapons: Killing the ‘Robots-don’t-Rape’ Argument

Posted by Kristin B. Sandvik & Kjersti Lohne on Thursday, 13 August 2015

Earlier this spring, we debated a law professor who insisted that lethal autonomous weapons (LAWS) could clean up war. The professor posited that a war fought with autonomous weapons would be a war without rape. Taking humans out of the loop would, the argument goes, lead to more humane war. ... Read more »

From IDPs to Victims in Colombia: Transition from Humanitarian Crisis through Law Reform?

Posted by Kristin B. Sandvik & Julieta Lemaitre on Wednesday, 1 July 2015

What are the challenges of responding to displacement as a problem of transitional justice? In the Colombian context, pervasive violent conflict coexists with constitutional democracy. In recent years, the legal framework for dealing with internal displacement has been altered by the 2011 Victims’ Law. Based on newly published work on ... Read more »

Beyond Sexual Violence: Gendered Political Insecurity as a Threat to Peace

Posted by Kristin B. Sandvik & Julieta Lemaitre on Monday, 13 April 2015

Based on extensive field research in Colombia, our new article “Beyond Sexual Violence in Transitional Justice: Political Insecurity as a Gendered Harm” examines political insecurity as a specifically gendered harm that must be addressed in the ongoing Colombian transitional justice process. In a previous blogpost we described the tragic plight ... Read more »

Evaluating Ebola: the Politics of the Military Response Narrative

Posted by Kristin B. Sandvik on Wednesday, 18 March 2015

While the humanitarian community is still struggling to help end the Ebola epidemic, talk about lessons learned and the need for critical evaluations have been on the way for some time already. Here, I suggest that humanitarians must pay keen attention to the post-Ebola narrative of military victory that is ... Read more »

Conundrums in the Embrace of the Private Sector

Posted by Kristin B. Sandvik on Thursday, 19 February 2015

The humanitarian sector faces an unprecedented number of crises globally. The growing operational and financial deficit in the capacity of governments and humanitarian organizations to respond has led to calls for changes in the way such crises are understood and managed. This involves a strong focus on cooperation and partnerships ... Read more »

Fighting the War with the Ebola Drone

Posted by Kristin B. Sandvik on Friday, 12 December 2014

A particularly interesting and puzzling corner of the War on Ebola imaginary is inhabited by the triad consisting of Ebola, humanitarian governance, and unmanned technology, drones more precisely. Out of this triad has emerged what will here be called ´the Ebola Drone`. The Ebola Drone has materialized from a confluence ... Read more »

Humanitarian Innovation, Humanitarian Renewal?

Posted by Kristin B. Sandvik on Wednesday, 12 November 2014

The continued evolution of the humanitarian innovation concept needs a critical engagement with how this agenda interacts with previous and contemporary attempts to improve humanitarian action. Accountability and transparency have been central to discussions of humanitarian action over the past two decades. Yet these issues appear generally to be given ... Read more »

New NATO Cyber Defense Policy: Unclear on Key Issues

Posted by Kristin B. Sandvik on Saturday, 18 October 2014

Against the background of increasing dependence on technology and on the internet, NATO is advancing its efforts to confront the wide range of cyber threats. Presented at the organization’s 2014 summit in Wales, on 4 September 2014, a new defense policy states that there is no distinction between cyber attack ... Read more »

Ebola: A Humanitarian Crisis or a Crisis of Humanitarian Governance?

Posted by Kristin B. Sandvik on Wednesday, 15 October 2014

With more than 8,000 confirmed, suspected and probable cases of Ebola and nearly 4,000 deaths, mainly in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone, the impact of this Ebola outbreak far surpasses all previous outbreaks registered since the disease was identified in 1976. But what type of crisis is this? Is this just another humanitarian crisis in ... Read more »

New Technology – Better Disaster Relief?

Posted by Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert, John Karlsrud & Kristin B. Sandvik on Sunday, 17 August 2014

New technology has become central to relief efforts in humanitarian crises. This may make relief efforts more effective, but we can’t assume that the technology will have only a beneficial impact on the recipients of emergency aid. Today, mobile phones, social media, crisis mapping, online volunteering, and pre-paid cards are ... Read more »

A Humanitarian Technology Policy Agenda for 2016

Posted by Kristin B. Sandvik on Thursday, 10 July 2014

The World Humanitarian Summit in 2016 will feature transformation through innovation as a key theme. Leading up to the summit, OCHA has voiced the need to “identify and implement….positions that address operational challenges and opportunities” (OCHA 2013) relating to the use of information technology, big data and innovations in humanitarian ... Read more »

Lethal Autonomous Weapons: Issues for the International Community

Posted by Nic Marsh & Kristin B. Sandvik on Monday, 12 May 2014

On May 13-16 a United Nations (UN) expert meeting will discuss ‘questions relating to emerging technologies’ in lethal autonomous weapon systems. Such systems are distinguished by being mobile and selecting targets autonomously without direct human supervision. This type of expert meeting represents the lowest rung of the UN ladder. The Chair of ... Read more »

The Promise and Perils of ‘Disaster Drones’

Posted by Kristin B. Sandvik & Kjersti Lohne on Monday, 2 December 2013

The dire humanitarian consequences of the use of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs, or drones) in conflict have become all too familiar. In contrast, there has been much less public discussion about the potential humanitarian uses of drones. So-called ‘disaster drones’ offer humanitarian agencies a range of possibilities in relation to ... Read more »

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