Security

Coordinator: Stine Bergersen

​​​​What does it mean to be secure in today’s world? The Security research group focuses on the changing landscape of security actors (state and non-state, the European Union, NATO, United Nations) and practices, aiming to recast and develop the concept of security through new approaches and methodologies.

​The Security research group promotes original analyses of:

  • Threats (political, military, societal)
  • Objects of security (individuals, communities, states, economic and ecological systems and infrastructures)
  • Security technologies (e.g. biometrics, explosive detection)
  • Methodologies (scenario-planning, risk assessment, preparedness, threat enactment).

Research themes

  • Societal security
  • Crisis management and resilience
  • Conflict prevention and peace-building
  • Security politics of humanitarianism and migration
  • Security foresighting and trend analysis
  • Human security
  • Cyber security
  • Financial security
  • Terrorism and radicalization 
  • Securitization
  • Gender and security
  • Media and security​

Discipline and methodology

The Security research group combines and invites researchers from diverse disciplinary backgrounds, such as political science, international relations/critical security studies, law, sociology, war and peace studies, philosophy, cultural studies, and criminology. Methodologically the group focuses on qualitative research such as interviews, document analyses and case studies. The group takes a critical approach to security, drawing on governmentality studies and genealogy, conceptual and cultural history, political philosophy, media studies, and social theory, and endorsing self-reflective and non- Euro-centric perspectives. 

We are interested in overarching research questions, such as:

  • What role do security rationalities, technologies and practices play in the governance of societies? 
  • How can we prevent and deal with conflict or crises?
  • How are threats framed and communicated?
  • What are the epistemic strategies employed in the governance of the future and how are they changing?
  • What are ethical challenges of contemporary security governance?
  • How are security problems perceived and approached in different regions of the world? 

 

Projects

Current Projects

Past Projects

Research Group News

Past Events

Publications

Recent publications

Bellanova, Rocco & J. Peter Burgess (2017) Introduction: Surveillance, privacy and security, in Burgess, J. Peter; & Rocco Bellanova, eds, Surveillance, Privacy and Security. Citizens’ Perspectives. London: Routledge (1–12).
Lidén, Kristoffer (2017) National Risk Assessments and the Politics of Public Risk Communication, PRIO Policy Brief, 7. Oslo: PRIO.
Bergersen, Stine (2017) Why Communicate Terror Threats to the Public?, PRIO Policy Brief, 5. Oslo: PRIO.
Kaufmann, Mareile (2017) Resilience, Emergencies and the Internet: Security In-Formation. New York: Routledge. Routledge Studies in Resilience.
Rødningen, Ida (2017) Not so Smart Cities? A Guide to Helping Cities Develop Ethical Data Strategies, LASIE Seminar Report, 3. Oslo: PRIO.
Rødningen, Ida (2017) From Risk Management to Security Culture: the Changing Organization of Security, LASIE Seminar Report, 4. Oslo.
Bellanova, Rocco; Stine Bergersen; Maral Mirshahi; Marit Moe-Pryce & J. Peter Burgess (2017) Exercising Access Rights in Norway, in Norris, Clive; Paul De Hert; Xavier L'Hoiry; & Antonella Galetta, eds, The Unaccountable State of Surveillance. Exercising Access Rights in Europe. Dordrecht: Springer.

Peer-reviewed Journal Article

Bellanova, Rocco (2016) Digital, politics, and algorithms: Governing digital data through the lens of data protection, European Journal of Social Theory. DOI: 10.1177/1368431016679167: 1–19.
Kaufmann, Mareile & Julien Jeandesboz (2016) Politics and 'the digital': From singularity to specificity, European Journal of Social Theory. DOI: 10.1177/1368431016677976: 1–20.
Reid-Henry, Simon (2016) Just Global Health?, Development and Change 47(4): 712–733.
Amicelle, Anthony & Elida K. U. Jacobsen (2016) The cross-colonization of finance and security through lists: Banking policing in the UK and India, Environment and Planning D: Society and Space 34(1): 89–106.
Kumar, Samrat Schmiem & Elida K. U. Jacobsen (2016) Cultures of Peace in India: Local visions, global values and possibilities for social change, Peaceworks 1(6): 1–13.
Lidén, Kristoffer; Nona Mikhelidze; Elena B. Stavrevska & Birte Vogel (2016) EU support to civil society organizations in conflict-ridden countries: A governance perspective from Bosnia and Herzegovina, Cyprus and Georgia, International Peacekeeping 23(2): 274–301.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2015) African Drone Stories, BEHEMOTH a Journal on Civilisation 8(2): 73–96.
Boy, Nina (2015) Sovereign safety, Security Dialogue 46(6): 530–547.
González Fuster, Gloria; Rocco Bellanova & Raphaël Gellert (2015) Nurturing Ob-Scene Politics: Surveillance Between In/Visibility and Dis-Appearance, Surveillance & Society 13(3): 512–527.
Kaufmann, Mareile (2015) Resilience governance and ecosystemic space: a critical perspective on the EU approach to Internet security, Environment and Planning D: Society and Space 33(3): 512–527.
Abrahamsen, Eirik Bjorheim; Kenneth Pettersen; Terje Aven; Mareile Kaufmann & Tony Rosqvist (2015) A framework for selection of strategy for management of security measures, Journal of Risk Research 20(3): 404–417.
Kaufmann, Mareile (2015) Resilience 2.0: social media use and (self-)care during the 2011 Norway attacks, Media, Culture & Society 37(7): 972–987.
Wright, David; Rowena Rodrigues; Charles Raab; Richard Jones; Ivan Szekely; Kirstie Ball; Rocco Bellanova & Stine Bergersen (2015) Questioning Surveillance, Computer Law & Security Review 31(2): 280–292.
Dunn Cavelty, Myriam; Mareile Kaufmann & Kristian Søby Kristensen (2015) Resilience and (in)security: Practices, subjects, temporalities, Security Dialogue 46(1): 3–14.
Kaufmann, Mareile (2015) Das Unbekannte regieren: Risiko trifft Resilienz, Kriminologisches Journal 47(4): 264–278.
Kaufmann, Mareile (2015) Exercising emergencies: Resilience, affect and acting out security, Security Dialogue 47(2): 99–116.
Bellanova, Rocco (2014) Data Protection, with Love, International Political Sociology 8(1): 112–115.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora; Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert; John Karlsrud & Mareile Kaufmann (2014) Humanitarian technology: a critical research agenda, International Review of the Red Cross 96(893): 219–242.
Bergersen, Stine (2014) Overvåkning og personvern: Om innsynsrett i teori og praksis, Materialisten. Tidsskrift for forskning, fagkritikk og teoretisk debatt 14(3): 47–65.
Tunander, Ola (2013) Subs and PSYOPs: The 1982 Swedish Submarine Intrusions, Intelligence and National Security 28(2): 252–281.
Kaufmann, Mareile (2013) Emergent self-organisation in emergencies: resilience rationales in interconnected societies, Resilience: International Policies, Practices and Discourses 1(1): 53–68.
Jacobsen, Elida K. U. (2012) Unique Identification: Inclusion and Surveillance in the Indian Biometric Assemblage, Security Dialogue 43(5): 457–474.
Baev, Pavel K. (2012) Russian Energy as a Challenge and a Bonus for European Security, Studia Diplomatica 64(1): 91–100.
Lohne, Kjersti (2012) The Norwegian Data Inspectorate: Between Governance and Resistance, Surveillance & Society 10(2): 182–196.
Vermeulen, Mathias & Rocco Bellanova (2012) European ‘Smart’ Surveillance: What’s at Stake for Data Protection, Privacy and Non-Discrimination?, Security and Human Rights 23(4): 297–311.
Bellanova, Rocco & Denis Duez (2012) A Different View on the 'Making' of European Security: The EU Passenger Name Record System as a Socio-Technical Assemblage, European Foreign Affairs Review 17(2): 109–124.
Boy, Nina; J. Peter Burgess & Anna Leander (2011) The Global Governance of Security and Finance: Introduction to the Special Issue, Security Dialogue 42(2): 115–122.
Carling, Jørgen & María Hernández Carretero (2011) Protecting Europe and Protecting Migrants? Strategies for Managing Unauthorised Migration from Africa, British Journal of Politics and International Relations 13(1): 42–58.
Carling, Jørgen (2007) Migration Control and Migrant Fatalities at the Spanish-African Borders, International Migration Review 41(2): 316–343.

PhD Thesis

Kaufmann, Mareile (2016) Resilience - governance and in/security in interconnected societies. PhD thesis, Criminology, Hamburg University.
Jacobsen, Elida K. U. (2015) Unique Biometric IDs: Governmentality and Appropriation in a Digital. PhD thesis, School of Global Studies, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
Lidén, Kristoffer (2014) Between Intervention and Sovereignty: Ethics of Liberal Peacebuilding and the Philosophy of Global Governance. PhD thesis, Department of Philosophy, Classics, History of Art and Ideas, University of Oslo, Oslo.
Boy, Nina (2013) The Security of Public Credit. PhD thesis, Department of Politics, Philosophy and Religion, Lancaster University, Lancaster.

Monograph

Kaufmann, Mareile (2017) Resilience, Emergencies and the Internet: Security In-Formation. New York: Routledge. Routledge Studies in Resilience.
Tunander, Ola (2004) The Secret War Against Sweden: US and British Submarine Deception in the 1980s. London & New York: Frank Cass.

Book Chapter

Bellanova, Rocco & J. Peter Burgess (2017) Introduction: Surveillance, privacy and security, in Burgess, J. Peter; & Rocco Bellanova, eds, Surveillance, Privacy and Security. Citizens’ Perspectives. London: Routledge (1–12).
Bellanova, Rocco; Stine Bergersen; Maral Mirshahi; Marit Moe-Pryce & J. Peter Burgess (2017) Exercising Access Rights in Norway, in Norris, Clive; Paul De Hert; Xavier L'Hoiry; & Antonella Galetta, eds, The Unaccountable State of Surveillance. Exercising Access Rights in Europe. Dordrecht: Springer.
Kloza, Dariusz (Darek) (2017) A behavioural alternative to the protection of privacy, in Svantesson, Dan J.B.; & Dariusz (Darek) Kloza, eds, Trans-Atlantic Data Privacy Relations as a Challenge for Democracy. Cambridge: Intersentia (451–505).
Svantesson, Dan J.B. & Dariusz (Darek) Kloza (2017) Landscape with the Rise of Data Privacy Protection, in Svantesson, Dan J.B.; & Dariusz (Darek) Kloza, eds, Trans-Atlantic Data Privacy Relations as a Challenge for Democracy. Cambridge: Intersentia (545–567).
Svantesson, Dan J.B. & Dariusz (Darek) Kloza (2017) Preface: Yet Another Book about Snowden and Safe Harbor?, in Svantesson, Dan J.B.; & Dariusz (Darek) Kloza, eds, Trans-Atlantic Data Privacy Relations as a Challenge for Democracy. Cambridge: Intersentia (9-21).
Kaufmann, Mareile (2016) Drone/body: the drone's power to sense and construct emergencies, in Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora; & Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert, eds, The Good Drone. Oxon: Routledge (168–194).
Kaufmann, Mareile (2016) The Digitization of Resilience, in Chandler, David; & Jon Coaffee, eds, The Routledge Handbook of International Resilience. London; New York: Routledge (106–118).
Jumbert, Maria Gabrielsen & Kristin Bergtora Sandvik (2016) Introduction: What Does It Take to Be Good?, in Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora; & Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert, eds, The Good Drone. London: Ashgate (1–25).
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2016) The Public Order Drone: Promises, Proliferation and Disorder in Civil Airspace, in Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora; & Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert, eds, The Good Drone. London: Ashgate (109–128).
Lidén, Kristoffer & Elida K. U. Jacobsen (2016) The local is everywhere: a postcolonial reassessment of cultural sensitivity in conflict governance, in Burgess, J. Peter; Oliver P. Richmond; & Ranabir Samaddar, eds, Cultures of Governance and Peace: a Comparison of EU and Indian Theoretical and Policy Approaches. Manchester: Manchester University Press (132–149).
Lidén, Kristoffer & Kristin Bergtora Sandvik (2016) Poison Pill or Cure-All: Drones and the Protection of Civilians, in Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora; & Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert, eds, The Good Drone. London: Ashgate. London: Ashgate (65–88).
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2016) The Political and Moral Economies of Dual Technology Transfers: Arming Police Drones, in Aleš Završnik, ed., Drones and Unmanned Aerial Systems: Legal and Social Implications for Security and Surveillance. Berlin: Springer International Publishing (45–66).
Boy, Nina (2015) Financial security, in Schlag, Gabi; Julian Junk; & Christopher Daase, eds, Transformations of Security Studies: Dialogues, Diversity and Discipline. Abingdon: Routledge (156–170).
Lidén, Kristoffer & Henrik Syse (2015) The Politics of Peace and Law: Realism, Internationalism and the Cosmopolitan Challenge, in Larsen, Kjetil M. ; & Cecilia Bailliet, eds, Promoting Peace Through International Law. Oxford: Oxford University Press (21–42).
Boy, Nina (2014) The backstory of the risk-free asset: how government debt became "safe", in Goodhart, Charles; Daniela Gabor; Ismail Ertuerk; & Jakob Vestergaard, eds, Central Banking at a Crossroads. London: Anthem Press (177–187).
Boy, Nina (2014) Oeffentlichkeit als public credit [The 'public' of public credit], in Langenohl, Andreas; & Dietmar J. Wetzel, eds, Finanzmarktpublika: Moralitaet, Krisen und Teilhabe in der oekonomischen Moderne/ Financial market publics: Morality, Crises and Participation in Economic Modernity. Wiesbaden: Springer VS/ Springer Science and Business Media B.V. (301–317).
Jacobsen, Elida K. U. & Samrat Schmiem Kumar (2014) The Plurality of Peace, Non-Violence and Peace works in India, in Kumar, Samrat Schmiem; & Priyankar Upadhyaya, eds, Peace and Conflict - the South Asian Experience. New Delhi: Cambridge University Press India.
Bellanova, Rocco & Paul De Hert (2014) Practices and Modes of Transatlantic Data-Processing. From Sorting Countries to Sorting Individuals?, in Body-Gendrot, Sophie; Mike Hough; Klara Kerezsi; René Lévy; & Sonja Snacken, eds, The Routledge Handbook of European Criminology. London: Routledge (514–535).
Duez, Denis & Rocco Bellanova (2014) Humains et non-humains dans la fabrique des frontières de l’Europe: une approche in medias res de l’européanisation [Humans and Non-Humans in the making of European Borders: A Proposal for a 'In Medias Res' Approach of Europeanization], in Duez, Denis; Olivier Paye; & Christophe Verdure, eds, L'européanisation - Sciences humaines et nouveaux enjeux. Bruxelles: Bruylant (223–247).
Jacobsen, Elida K. U. (2013) Preventing, predicting or producing risk? India's national biometric identification, in Kolås, Åshild; & Jason Miklian, eds, India's Human Security: Lost Debates, Forgotten People, Intractable Conflicts. New York: Routledge (135–148).
Brekke, Torkel (2012) Hinduism and Security, in Seiple, Chris; Dennis R. Hoover; & Pauletta Otis, eds, Routledge Handbook of Religion and Security. New York: Routledge (80–94).
Jacobsen, Elida K. U. & Kristoffer Lidén (2012) Theoretical Challenges for Assessing Socio-Cultural Sensitivity in Governance and Conflict Resolution [15 May], in Galvanek, Janel B.; Hans J. Giessmann ; & Mir Mubashir, eds, Norms and Premises of Peace Governance. Socio-Cultural Commonalities and Differences in Europe and India. Berlin: Berghof Foundation (25–30).
Tunander, Ola (2012) Dual State: The Case of Sweden, in Eric Wilson, ed., The Dual State: Parapolitics, Carl Schmitt and the National Security Complex. Farnham: Ashgate (171–192).
Carling, Jørgen (2011) The European Paradox of Unwanted Migration, in Burgess, J. Peter; & Serge Gutwirth, eds, A Threat Against Europe? Security, Migration and Integration. Brussels: Brussels University Press (VUB) (33–46).

Edited Volume

Svantesson, Dan J.B.; & Dariusz (Darek) Kloza, eds, (2017) Trans-Atlantic Data Privacy Relations as a Challenge for Democracy. Cambridge: Intersentia. European Integration and Democracy Series, Vol. 4.
Friedewald, Michael; J. Peter Burgess; Johann Čas; Rocco Bellanova; & Walter Peissl, eds, (2017) Surveillance, Privacy and Security. Citizens’ Perspectives. London: Routledge. PRIO New Security Studies.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora; & Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert, eds, (2016) The Good Drone. Oxon, New York: Routledge.

Non-refereed Journal Article

Carling, Jørgen (2007) The Merits and Limitations of Spain's High-Tech Border Control, Migration Information Source.

Popular Article

Lidén, Kristoffer (2016) Against the Merger of Humanitarianism with Development and Security, Norwegian Centre for Humanitarian Studies Blog, 31 May.
Sagmo, Tove Heggli; Marta Bivand Erdal; Rojan Tordhol Ezzati; Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert & Håvard Mokleiv Nygård (2015) Innvandringsdebatt på feil premisser [Wrong premises for the debate about immigration into Europe], NRK Ytring, 8 September.
Jumbert, Maria Gabrielsen (2014) Flytkningene er et felles ansvar [Refugees are a shared responsibility], NRK Ytring, 16 September.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora; Nicholas Marsh & Maral Mirshahi (2014) The Struggle to Ban Killer Robots, Bullentin of Atomic Scientists, 7 May.

Master Thesis

Jacobsen, Elida Kristine Undrum (2007) Norwegian Media Discourses and the Middle-Eastern Other. Identity and Security.Universitat Jaume 1, .
Jacobsen, Elida K. U. (2007) Norwegian Media Discourses and the Middle-Eastern Other. Identity and Security. MA thesis, Universitat Jaume 1, Castellón: Universitat Jaume 1.

Conference Paper

Lidén, Kristoffer (2015) Oiling the Machinery of European Security Technology? The role of ethics in EU Security Research, presented at International Studies Association, Annual Convention , New Orleans, 21 Februrary 2015.
Lidén, Kristoffer (2015) Luhmann goes to Juba: a systems theoretical perspective on the postliberal condition, presented at Worlds of Violence: 9th Pan-European Conference on International Relations, European International Studies Association, Giardini Naxos, Sicily, Italy , 26 September 2015.
Bellanova, Rocco & Stine Bergersen (2015) Credit scoring in Norway: Surveillance, (dis)trust and the possibility of critique, presented at Trust & Surveillance, University of Gothenburg, 05.– 06.10.2015 .
Lidén, Kristoffer (2015) What ‘society’ must be defended? The ethics of societal security in Norway, presented at Worlds of Violence: 9th Pan-European Conference on International Relations, European International Studies Association, Giardini Naxos, Sicily, Italy , 26 September.
Bergersen, Stine (2014) Risk, Security and New Threats: Counter Terrorism Policies in Norway 2001-2008, presented at From Schauman to Breivik: Terrorism, Political Violence and the Nordic Countries, Helsinki University, 16.–17.06.2014.
Bergersen, Stine (2014) Norwegian security- and intelligence arrangements: democratic oversight and EU- cooperation., presented at Security, intelligence and EU cooperation: Scotland's comparator countries., University of Edinburgh & ESRC (Economic & Social Research Council), 06.05.2014.
Kaufmann, Mareile (2013) Resilience Regulation and Networked SpacesAntwerp, Belgium, 23–24 January 2013.
Kaufmann, Mareile (2012) Resilience Governance and Networked Space, presented at Practices of Resilience Workshop, Copenhagen, 13.12.2012.
Kaufmann, Mareile 2012 Embracing unknowns: Emergency, resilience and the epistemology of complexity, presented at COST Action: IS1003 "Anticipatory Knowledge in International Law" , , 17.09.2012–18.09.2012.
Kaufmann, Mareile 2012 Networks, Security and Resilience, presented at ICTs and Global Governance, , 28.09.2012–29.09.2012.
Jacobsen, Elida Kristine Undrum 2012 Identification and Financial Inclusion: Gendering the biometric enrolment of homeless in Delhi, presented at 2012 annual NFU conference: Development for a Finite Planet: Grassroots perspectives and responses to climate change, resource extraction and economic development, , .
Lidén, Kristoffer 2012 In Love with a Lie? On the Political Preconditions for Global Peacebuilding Governance, presented at New Frontiers for Peacebuilding: Hybridity, Governance, and Local Agency, , 13–14 September 2012.
Jacobsen, Elida Kristine Undrum 2012 Ethical and Societal Implications of National Biometric Identification, presented at New Delhi: The High Level Privacy Conclave, , .
Jacobsen, Elida Kristine Undrum; & Lidén, Kristoffer 2011 Theoretical Challenges for Assessing Socio-Cultural Sensitivity in Conflict Governance, presented at CORE, , .
Kaufmann, Mareile (2011) Terrorism and Security in Norway - Recent Developments in Law and Intelligence Governance, presented at CASIS Annual Conference 2011, Ottawa, Canada, 09 November 2011.
Lohne, Kjersti (2010) Humanitarianism and International Criminal Justice, presented at New Landscapes of Justice and Security, University of Oslo, 14.06.2010.
Jacobsen, Elida Kristine Undrum 2008 Media Coverage of Islam, presented at Popular Lecture. Oslo: HL Senteret, , .
Jacobsen, Elida K. U. (2008) 'Our' values and the 'Other': The West, Islam, and (Counter) Discourses of Enmity in the Mass-Media, presented at Propaganda: War and Biopolitics, HL senteret; Oslo, 22 October.

PRIO Policy Brief

Lidén, Kristoffer (2017) National Risk Assessments and the Politics of Public Risk Communication, PRIO Policy Brief, 7. Oslo: PRIO.
Bergersen, Stine (2017) Why Communicate Terror Threats to the Public?, PRIO Policy Brief, 5. Oslo: PRIO.
Rasmussen , Joel & Øyvind Ihlen (2015) Lessons from Norwegian Emergency Authorities’ Use of Social Media, PRIO Policy Brief, 14. Oslo: PRIO.
Upadhyaya, Anjoo Sharan; Priyankar Upadhyaya & Ajay Kumar Yadav (2013) Interrogating peace in Meghalaya, CORE Policy Brief, 3. Oslo: PRIO.
Behera, Navnita Chadha (2013) Conflict, governance and peacebuilding in Kashmir, CORE Policy Brief, 10. Oslo: PRIO.
Amin, Imran & Amit Prakash (2013) Conflict, governance and development, CORE Policy Brief, 7. Oslo: PRIO.
Vogel, Birte & Oliver P. Richmond (2013) Enabling civil society in conflict resolution, CORE Policy Brief, 2. Oslo: PRIO.
Stavrevska, Elena B. (2013) Ensuring political representation in a restructured Bosnia and Herzegovina, CORE Policy Brief, 1. Oslo: PRIO.
DasGupta, Sumona & Priyanka Singh (2013) Village council elections in Jammu and Kashmir, CORE Policy Brief, 6. Oslo: Peace Research Institute Oslo.
Jacobsen, Elida K. U. & Priyanka Vij (2013) India's national biometric ID scheme, CORE Policy Brief, 4. Oslo: PRIO.
Ghosh, Atig (2013) Governing conflict and peacebuilding in India’s northeast and Bihar, CORE Policy Brief, 8. Oslo: PRIO.
Mikhelidze, Nona (2013) Opening the Russian–Georgian railway link through Abkhazia, CORE Policy Brief, 5. Oslo: PRIO.
Bernhard, Anna & Janel B. Galvanek (2013) The importance of dialogical relations and local agency in governance initiatives for conflict resolution, CORE Policy Brief, 9. Oslo: PRIO.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2012) Cyberwar as an Issue of International law, PRIO Policy Brief, 4. Oslo: PRIO.
Leander, Anna (2012) Silent and Irresponsible. European Approaches to Commercial Military Services, PRIO Policy Brief, 6. Oslo: PRIO.
Burgess, J. Peter (2012) The Societal Impact of Security Research, PRIO Policy Brief, 9. Oslo: PRIO.
Mironenko, Olga (2010) Data Protection and Security in Civil Aviation, PRIO Policy Brief, 8. Oslo: PRIO.
Burgess, J. Peter (2008) Human Values and Security Technologies, PRIO Policy Brief, 7. Oslo: PRIO.
Burgess, J. Peter & Naima Mouhleb (2008) International Collaboration on Societal Security: NATO, the EU, the UN and Norway, PRIO Policy Brief, 2. Oslo: PRIO.
Burgess, J. Peter (2008) Security after Privacy, PRIO Policy Brief, 5. Oslo: PRIO.
Burgess, J. Peter (2008) Security as Ethics, PRIO Policy Brief, 6. Oslo: PRIO.
Burgess, J. Peter & Sissel Haugdal Jore (2008) The Influence of Globalization on Societal Security: The International Setting, PRIO Policy Brief, 3. Oslo: PRIO.
Burgess, J. Peter & Sissel Haugdal Jore (2008) The Influence of Globalization on Societal Security: The Norwegian Context, PRIO Policy Brief, 4. Oslo: PRIO.
Burgess, J. Peter & Naima Mouhleb (2007) A Presentation of the State of Societal Security in Norway, PRIO Policy Brief, 9. Oslo: PRIO.
Burgess, J. Peter & Sonja Kittelsen (2007) Between Prevention and Preparedness: The European Commission’s Green Paper on Bio-preparedness, PRIO Policy Brief, 3. Oslo: PRIO.
Burgess, J. Peter & Naima Mouhleb (2007) Societal Security: Definitions and Scope for the Norwegian Setting, PRIO Policy Brief, 2. Oslo: PRIO.

Report - Other

Rødningen, Ida (2017) Not so Smart Cities? A Guide to Helping Cities Develop Ethical Data Strategies, LASIE Seminar Report, 3. Oslo: PRIO.
Rødningen, Ida (2017) From Risk Management to Security Culture: the Changing Organization of Security, LASIE Seminar Report, 4. Oslo.
Bergersen, Stine (2017) Artificial Police Agents: Looking Awry, LASIE Seminar Report, 2. Oslo: PRIO.
Kloza, Dariusz (Darek); Stine Bergersen; Rocco Bellanova; Ida Rødningen; Filipe Custódio; Apostolos Axenopoulos; & Sofia Trujillo (2016) Monitoring report on emerging ethical challenges and current societal debates (Deliverable D2.2), LASIE Deliverables, 2. Rome: EU FP7 LASIE project.
Lidén, Kristoffer; Nina Boy; & Elida K. U. Jacobsen (2016) Societal Ethics and Biometric Technologies, SOURCE Societal Security Network. Oslo: SOURCE.
Bergersen, Stine; & Mareile Kaufmann (2016) DRIVER Deliverable 91.3 Ethical procedures, risks and safeguards, Driving Innovation For Crisis Management For European Resilience (DRIVER). Oslo: PRIO.
Lidén, Kristoffer; & Benjamen Hayes (2015) Report on human values in threat analysis, SOURCE Deliverables, 6.1. SOURCE Virtual Centre of Excellence For Research Support and Coordination on Societal Security.
Lidén, Kristoffer (2015) Ethics Report 1, SOURCE Deliverables, 2. SOURCE Virtual Centre of Excellence For Research Support and Coordination on Societal Security.
Kaufmann, Mareile; & Stine Bergersen (2014) DRIVER Deliverable 93.1 - Identification of opportunities for positive societal impact of CM, Driving Innovation For Crisis Management For European Resilience (DRIVER). Oslo: PRIO.
Jumbert, Maria Gabrielsen (2012) Overview report on trans-national and European law and regulation relative to maritime border control13.2. : Protection of European Borders and Seas Through the Intelligent Use of Surveillance (PERSEUS).
Jumbert, Maria Gabrielsen (2012) Report on relevant legal, ethical and rights issues on data collection, retention and transmission13.5. : Protection of European Borders and Seas Through the Intelligent Use of Surveillance (PERSEUS).
Jumbert, Maria Gabrielsen; & Lidén, Kristoffer (2012) International survey of relevant national, EU and intergovernmental security policies13.1. : Protection of European Borders and Seas Through the Intelligent Use of Surveillance (PERSEUS).
Kaufmann, Mareile (2011) 3.2 ValueSec Catalogue of evaluated Methodologies and Tools available, which address security decisions FP7 Project "Mastering the Value Function of Security Measures" (Valuesec).
Kaufmann, Mareile (2011) 2.1 ValueSec Decision Domains, Concepts and Trends relevant for Security Decisions: FP7 Project "Mastering the Value Function of Security Measures" (Valuesec).
Kaufmann, Mareile (2011) 3.1 ValueSec Framework for the Assessment of Methods and Tools, which address security decisions: FP7 Project "Mastering the Value Function of Security Measures" (Valuesec).
Kaufmann, Mareile (2011) 3.3 ValueSec Evaluation of Methods and Tools, and the required improvements: FP7 Project "Mastering the Value Function of Security Measures" (Valuesec).

Report - External Series

Kloza, Dariusz (Darek); Niels van Dijk; Raphaël Gellert; István Böröcz; Alessia Tanas; Eugenio Mantovani; & Paul Quinn (2017) Data protection impact assessments in the European Union: complementing the new legal framework towards a more robust protection of individuals, d.pia.lab Policy Brief, 1. Brussels: Brussels Laboratory for Data Protection & Privacy Impact Assessments.
Sondergaard, Susanne; Giacomo Persi Paoli; Kate Robertson; Richard Warnes; Lindsay Clutterbuck; Rocco Bellanova; Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert; Ingrid Solberg; & Joanna Pilner (2015) TACTICS: Policy and strategic impacts, implications and recommendations, Research Reports. London: RAND.
Gräns, Jonas; & Sira, Inger Helene (2010) The Promotion of Human Security in EU Security Policies, INEX Policy Brief Series, 7. : .

Book Review

Jumbert, Maria Gabrielsen (2012) Review of Protecting Our Ports: Domestic and International Politics of Containerized Freight Security, in Journal of Peace Research 49(3): .
Jacobsen, Elida Kristine Undrum(2009) Review of European Security Culture: Language, Theory, Policy (Monica Gariup) 855.

Blog Posts

A More Comprehensive Measure of Women’s Wellbeing

Posted by Melanne Verveer on Tuesday, 28 November 2017

Despite major strides, women in many countries continue to face huge constraints in personal security, social and political inclusion, and legal protections that harm their wellbeing and hold back economies. The Index reflects a shared vision that countries are more peaceful and prosperous when women are accorded full and equal ... Read more »

Europe’s Quiet Offensive Against People Helping Refugees

Posted by Ben Hayes & Frank Barat on Thursday, 9 November 2017

A look back on three years since the end of Operation Mare Nostrum. Three years ago today, pressure by the European Union on Italy forced the end of one of the EU’s most successful humanitarian missions, Mare Nostrum, a search-and-rescue operation that in just one year brought 130,000 refugees safely ... Read more »

Sovereignty™

Posted by Åshild Kolås on Tuesday, 18 July 2017

In addition to states, a wide range of actors are involved in the performance of sovereignty today, including private security companies, civil society movements, militant groups, multinational corporations, international non-governmental organizations, and multilateral agencies. Terms such as popular, hybrid, public-private, graduated, shared, parallel and social sovereignty have been used to describe their state-like practices. As people, citizens and consumers, we are more ... Read more »

‘Our Values’ in Times of Terror

Posted by Rojan Tordhol Ezzati on Wednesday, 26 April 2017

Last fall I spent two months in Poitiers, France as a visiting researcher at Migrinter. The last time I lived in France before that was in 2008, just when the financial crisis fully hit. A lot has changed since then, some of it directly or indirectly linked to the financial ... Read more »

Trump and Threats to Truth, Democracy and Peace

Posted by Stein Tønnesson on Tuesday, 21 March 2017

Stein Tønnesson delivered this year’s The Fjord Memorial Lecture  at Inland Norway University of Applied Sciences, Lillehammer. The lecture discusses Trump’s team of advisors, calls for fighting the increasing use of lies in political campaigning, sees Trump’s election as having weakened democracy worldwide, and perceives a major risk to world ... Read more »

After Man? From Singularity to Specificity

Posted by Mareile Kaufmann on Thursday, 23 February 2017

When we discuss artificial intelligence, the digital technology that makes it happen, and singularity – the idea that both of them will exponentially take over the progression of society – we refer to them in singular. This is not a coincidence. Both, science and fiction have portrayed AI as a ... Read more »

Digital India: Less Cash, but not Cashless

Posted by Åshild Kolås & Elida Kristine Undrum Jacobsen on Wednesday, 30 November 2016

The past month has seen historic events in India. On Tuesday 8 November 2016, the Modi government announced without prior warning that all 500 and 1000 Indian rupee notes would be rendered valueless more or less overnight. In effect, this meant immediate withdrawal of the largest bank notes in circulation, ... Read more »

Get to Know Your Data Double!

Posted by Marit Moe-Pryce, Rocco Bellanova & Stine Bergersen on Wednesday, 23 November 2016

We all have a “data double”. But how well do you really know this other aspect of your identity? Unless you know what your entirely digital identity looks like, you should take responsibility for finding out and, at the same time, contribute to a digital drive to ensure that we ... Read more »

Give Us Your Phone and We May Grant You Asylum

Posted by Rocco Bellanova, Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert & Raphael Gellert on Monday, 17 October 2016

Images of refugees using smartphones have now become common in the Western media landscape, and everybody seems to have learned that refugees and migrants, too, use smartphones. Indicative of this awareness, European governments are now looking into how to make use of these assets in their identity checks and in ... Read more »

India’s Membership of the Missile Technology Control Regime

Posted by Rajiv Nayan & Åshild Kolås on Thursday, 18 August 2016

India became the 35th member of the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) on 27 June 2016. The MTCR is an informal and voluntary association of suppliers of ballistic and cruise missiles capable of delivering Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD), and other unmanned aerial vehicles. It was established in 1987 with ... Read more »

Several Securities at Stake in Rio?

Posted by Eric Cezne on Thursday, 4 August 2016

This Friday the iconic Maracanã stadium in Rio is set to host the opening ceremony of the 2016 Olympic Games. For the first time in South America, the world yet again comes together to celebrate sports, unity and diversity. Against the backdrop of turbulent times marked by all sorts of ... Read more »

Receding into the Background?

Posted by Henrik Syse on Wednesday, 20 July 2016

As 22 July 2011 becomes a more distant memory, we are overwhelmed with massacres and terrorist attacks in other parts of the world, including fierce attacks in Turkey, France, and the United States. At the time of writing, the terrorist attack in Nice, France, is the most recent. Many of ... Read more »

France’s Response to Terror

Posted by Kristian Berg Harpviken on Tuesday, 19 July 2016

Following the terror attack in Nice, the French President Hollande has responded to mounting criticism by sharpening both his rhetoric and the country’s proposed reactions to terror. But no society can be protected against all risks, and anti-terror efforts do not always have the intended effects. Within a split second, ... Read more »

Framing the UCLA Shooting Event

Posted by Francis Steen on Monday, 18 July 2016

Wednesday June 1st was my last day of Spring Quarter teaching at UCLA. At 9:50am, a BruinAlert trickled into my inbox announcing “Police Activity at Engineering Building 4. Avoid area until further notice” and a few minutes later “Shooting at Engineering 4. Go to secure location and deny entry (lockdown) ... Read more »

The Right to Decide: Exit and Basque Self-Determination

Posted by Åshild Kolås on Tuesday, 28 June 2016

Five years ago, the Basque militant group ETA (Basque Homeland and Freedom) announced a unilateral and permanent cessation of operations. Since then, the disappearance of political violence has given rise to a new debate on Basque nationhood: more inclusive, more open, more civic, and at the same time stronger in ... Read more »

Syria Travellers and Security Threats

Posted by Åshild Kolås & Katrine Fangen on Wednesday, 22 June 2016

Foreign fighters returning from Syria have emerged as a looming security threat in many European countries, so also in Norway. As well as preventive measures against radicalization and mobilization by the Islamic State, there have been calls for the withdrawal of citizenship and deportation of returned foreign fighters. This raises a number of questions: Are Norwegians more secure ... Read more »

The ‘Sovereign’ according to Ola Tunander

Posted by Åshild Kolås on Monday, 30 May 2016

On Friday 27 May 2016, PRIO celebrated Ola Tunander’s 30-year academic career with a seminar on ‘Sovereignty, Subs and PSYOPS’, and a reception. The celebration was, of course, focused on Ola and his work, spanning topics from the geopolitics and organic state theory of Rudolf Kjellén to the 27 October ... Read more »

The EU-Turkey Refugee Deal is Costly – Especially for the Refugees

Posted by Pinar Tank & Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert on Thursday, 7 April 2016

The agreement reflects the EU’s self-interest just as much as Turkey’s, but takes little account of the interests and rights of the refugees. On Friday 18 March, Turkey and the EU concluded a deal designed to put an end to refugees’ use of the sea route to travel from Turkey ... Read more »

From the House of Cards to House of Data?

Posted by Rocco Bellanova on Thursday, 10 March 2016

The fourth season of the Netflix series House of Cards was released worldwide on the 4th March. Which is to say, the week-end when many International Relations (IR) researchers are still rushing to finalize their conference paper for the annual convention of the International Studies Association (ISA). And, if you ... Read more »

Is Apple the New Global Dictator?

Posted by Hanne Eggen Røislien & Bjarte Malmedal on Friday, 26 February 2016

Apple, CISCO and Microsoft rule the world, and intend to do so. Imagine if CISCO or Apple held a general election. Billboards with potential board members smiling at us with an apple in one hand and a ballot in the other. Anyone who owns a computer or an iPad or ... Read more »

The Discreet Charm of Passenger Data: Big Data Surveillance Coming Home

Posted by Rocco Bellanova on Thursday, 14 January 2016

Several governments see in the mass-surveillance of passenger data the key tool of counter-terrorism. These data are generally known as PNR – Passenger Name Records, and their potential for law enforcement has been discussed at least since the 1990s. Now European Union (EU) debates about the creation of a European ... Read more »

How Much Should we Tolerate?

Posted by Henrik Syse on Friday, 27 November 2015

In his New Year’s Eve speech last year, King Harald used the expression “We should say kind words”. Some weeks later, many of us were saying “Je suis Charlie”, expressing solidarity with a periodical that published satire that many people certainly found was not kind at all. Can we reconcile ... Read more »

The Threat from ISIS is not Military

Posted by John Mueller on Wednesday, 25 November 2015

For more than a decade, alarmists have essentially argued that, because the 9/11 attackers proved to be good with box-cutters, they would soon be able to fabricate nuclear weapons. And now, after the dramatic and horrible Paris terror attacks, a similar process of alarmed exaggeration seems to be happening with ... Read more »

A Close Look at Border Security in the Mediterranean

Posted by Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert on Monday, 1 June 2015

The EU’s response to the increased flow of refugees crossing the Mediterranean has been to boost border security by means of Operation Triton, which is the responsibility of Frontex, the EU border agency. There is little one can do, however, to impose effective border controls at sea. Operation Triton does ... Read more »

Boko Haram does not have the Fire Power of the Islamic State

Posted by Marc-Antoine Pérouse de Montclos on Friday, 23 January 2015

Boko Haram’s influence and cruelty is still increasing. On the 3rd of January the Islamist group first attacked Baga, situated at the riverside of Lake Chad in the north of the State of Borno. They then came back several days later and demolished the entire city and its surrounding villages. ... Read more »

Surveillance Under Control?1/a>

Posted by Nils Petter Gleditsch on Wednesday, 21 January 2015

We cannot make do without surveillance, and even political actors must expect to be kept under observation if they espouse extreme positions. But we must keep surveillance under control. This article tells the story of the information about me that had lain in the files of the police security service ... Read more »

Refugees are a Shared Responsibility

Posted by Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert on Tuesday, 23 September 2014

A record number of refugees have arrived by boat in southern Europe this summer. Norway should voice its support for a common European solution to the issue of boat migrants crossing the Mediterranean. Last year this would have been front-page news, but now each new arrival – or each refugee ... Read more »

Edward Snowden: the last Big Brother?

Posted by Rocco Bellanova & Gloria González Fuster on Tuesday, 13 May 2014

Following last year’s revelations, Edward Snowden seems to be trapped in a role ironically reminiscent of another famous character – George Orwell’s Big Brother. You are being watched. This classical surveillance slogan hides a subtler, and more insidious message: you must believe you are always being watched, and you probably ... Read more »

The Syrian Refugee Crisis and Conflict Spillover

Posted by Kristian Skrede Gleditsch & Idean Salehyan on Tuesday, 11 February 2014

The Syrian refugee crisis has been heartbreaking to watch. According to the United Nations, over 2.4 million people have fled the country, and many more have been displaced internally. This human tragedy has shocked the world’s conscience and has led for appeals for humanitarian relief. However, does the influx of ... Read more »