PRIO Network


Coordinator: Mareile Kaufmann

​​What does it mean to be secure in today’s world? The Security research group focuses on the changing landscape of security actors (state and non-state, the European Union, NATO, United Nations) and practices, aiming to recast and develop the concept of security through new approaches and methodologies.

​The Security research group promotes original analyses of:

  • Threats (political, military, societal)
  • Objects of security (individuals, communities, states, economic and ecological systems and infrastructures)
  • Security technologies (e.g. biometrics, explosive detection)
  • Methodologies (scenario-planning, risk assessment, preparedness, threat enactment).

Research themes

  • Societal security
  • Crisis management and resilience
  • Conflict prevention and peace-building
  • Security politics of humanitarianism and migration
  • Security foresighting and trend analysis
  • Human security
  • Cyber security
  • Financial security
  • Terrorism and radicalization 
  • Securitization
  • Gender and security
  • Media and security​

Discipline and methodology

The Security research group combines and invites researchers from diverse disciplinary backgrounds, such as political science, international relations/critical security studies, law, sociology, war and peace studies, philosophy, cultural studies, and criminology. Methodologically the group focuses on qualitative research such as interviews, document analyses and case studies. The group takes a critical approach to security, drawing on governmentality studies and genealogy, conceptual and cultural history, political philosophy, media studies, and social theory, and endorsing self-reflective and non- Euro-centric perspectives. 

We are interested in overarching research questions, such as:

  • What role do security rationalities, technologies and practices play in the governance of societies? 
  • How can we prevent and deal with conflict or crises?
  • How are threats framed and communicated?
  • What are the epistemic strategies employed in the governance of the future and how are they changing?
  • What are ethical challenges of contemporary security governance?
  • How are security problems perceived and approached in different regions of the world? 


Current Projects

Past Projects

Peer-reviewed Journal Article

Kaufmann, Mareile (2015) Resilience governance and ecosystemic space: a critical perspective on the EU approach to Internet security, Environment and Planning D: Society and Space 33(3): 512–527.
Abrahamsen, Eirik Bjorheim; Kenneth Pettersen; Terje Aven; Tony Rosqvist & Mareile Kaufmann (2015) A framework for selection of strategy for management of security measures, Journal of Risk Research [Online First].
Kaufmann, Mareile (2015) Resilience 2.0: social media use and (self-)care during the 2011 Norway attacks, Media, Culture & Society [Online First]. DOI: 10.1177/0163443715584101.
Wright, David; Rowena Rodrigues; Charles Raab; Richard Jones; Ivan Szekely; Kirstie Ball; Rocco Bellanova & Stine Bergersen (2015) Questioning Surveillance, Computer Law & Security Review 31: 280–292.
Dunn Cavelty, Myriam; Mareile Kaufmann & Kristian Søby Kristensen (2015) Resilience and (in)security: Practices, subjects, temporalities, Security Dialogue 46(1): 3–14.
Bergersen, Stine (2014) Overvåkning og personvern: Om innsynsrett i teori og praksis, Materialisten. Tidsskrift For Forskning, Fagkritikk Og Teoretisk Debatt 14(3): 47–65.
Bellanova, Rocco (2014) Data Protection, with Love, International Political Sociology 8(1): 112–115.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora; Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert; John Karlsrud & Mareile Kaufmann (2014) Humanitarian technology: a critical research agenda, International Review of the Red Cross. DOI: 10.1017/S1816383114000344.
Tunander, Ola (2013) Subs and PSYOPs: The 1982 Swedish Submarine Intrusions, Intelligence and National Security 28(2): 252 – 281 (First published electronically 13 July 2012, pp. 30).
Kaufmann, Mareile (2013) Emergent self-organisation in emergencies: resilience rationales in interconnected societies, Resilience: International Policies, Practices and Discourses 1(1): 53–68.
Vermeulen, Mathias; & Rocco Bellanova (2012) European ‘Smart’ Surveillance: What’s at Stake for Data Protection, Privacy and Non-Discrimination?, Security and Human Rights 23(4): 297–311.
Bellanova, Rocco & Denis Duez (2012) A Different View on the 'Making' of European Security: The EU Passenger Name Record System as a Socio-Technical Assemblage, European Foreign Affairs Review 17(2): 109–124.
Jacobsen, Elida Kristine Undrum (2012)Unique Identification: Inclusion and Surveillance in the Indian Biometric Assemblage , Security Dialogue 43(5): 457–474.
Baev, Pavel K. (2012) Russian Energy as a Challenge and a Bonus for European Security, Studia Diplomatica 64(1): 91–100.
Boy, Nina;Burgess, J. Peter; & Leander, Anna (2011) The Global Governance of Finance and Security: Introduction to the Special Issue , Security Dialogue 42(2): 115–122.
Carling, Jørgen; & Hernández Carretero, María (2011) Protecting Europe and Protecting Migrants? Strategies for Managing Unauthorised Migration from Africa , British Journal of Politics and International Relations 13(1): 42–58.
Carling, Jørgen (2007) Migration Control and Migrant Fatalities at the Spanish-African Borders , International Migration Review 41(2): 316–343.

PhD Thesis

Jacobsen, Elida K. U. (2015) Unique Biometric IDs: Governmentality and Appropriation in a Digital . PhD thesis, School of Global Studies, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
Lidén, Kristoffer (2014) Between Intervention and Sovereignty: Ethics of Liberal Peacebuilding and the Philosophy of Global Governance. PhD thesis, Department of Philosophy, Classics, History of Art and Ideas, University of Oslo, Oslo.
Boy, Nina (2013) The Security of Public Credit. PhD thesis, Department of Politics, Philosophy and Religion, Lancaster University, Lancaster.


Book Chapter

Lidén, Kristoffer & Henrik Syse (2015) The Politics of Peace and Law: Realism, Internationalism and the Cosmopolitan Challenge, in Larsen, Kjetil M. ; & Cecilia Bailliet, eds, Promoting Peace Through International Law. Oxford: Oxford University Press .
Boy, Nina (2014) The backstory of the risk-free asset: how government debt became "safe", in Goodhart, Charles; Daniela Gabor; Ismail Ertuerk; & Jakob Vestergaard, eds, Central Banking at a Crossroads. London: Anthem Press (177–187).
Bellanova, Rocco & Paul De Hert (2014) Practices and Modes of Transatlantic Data-Processing. From Sorting Countries to Sorting Individuals?, in The Routledge Handbook of European Criminology. London: Routledge (514–535).
Boy, Nina (2014) Oeffentlichkeit als public credit [The 'public' of public credit], in Langenohl, Andreas; & Dietmar J. Wetzel, eds, Finanzmarktpublika: Moralitaet, Krisen Und Teilhabe In Der Oekonomischen Moderne/ Financial Market Publics: Morality, Crises and Participation In Economic Modernity. Wiesbaden: Springer VS/ Springer Science and Business Media B.V. (301–317).
Jacobsen, Elida K. U. & Samrat Schmiem Kumar (2014) The Plurality of Peace, Non-Violence and Peace works in India, in Upadhyaya, Priyankar; & Samrat Schmiem Kumar, eds, Peace and Conflict - the South Asian Experience. New Delhi: Cambridge University Press India .
Jacobsen, Elida K. U. (2013) Preventing, predicting or producing risk? India`s national biometric identification, in Kolås, Åshild; & Jason Miklian, eds, India`S Human Security. Lost Debates, Forgotten People, Intractable Conflicts. New York: Routledge .
Tunander, Ola (2012) Dual State: The Case of Sweden, in Eric Wilson, ed., The Dual State: Parapolitics, Carl Schmitt and the National Security Complex. Ashgate (171–192).
Jacobsen, Elida Kristine Undrum; & Lidén, Kristoffer (2012) Theoretical Challenges for Assessing Socio-Cultural Sensitivity in Governance and Conflict Resolution [15 May] Norms and Premises of Peace Governance. Socio-Cultural Commonalities and Differences In Europe and India . Berghof Foundation(25–30).
Carling, Jørgen(2011) The European Paradox of Unwanted Migration A Threat Against Europe? Security, Migration and Integration. : Brussels University Press (VUB)(33–46).

Non-refereed Journal Article

Carling, Jørgen (2007) The Merits and Limitations of Spain's High-Tech Border Control , Migration Information Source .

Popular Article

Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora; Nicholas Marsh & Maral Mirshahi (2014) The Struggle to Ban Killer Robots, Bullentin of Atomic Scientists.

Master Thesis

Jacobsen, Elida Kristine Undrum (2007) Norwegian Media Discourses and the Middle-Eastern Other. Identity and Security.Universitat Jaume 1, .

Conference Paper

Bergersen, Stine (2014) Risk, Security and New Threats: Counter Terrorism Policies in Norway 2001-2008, presented at From Schauman to Breivik: Terrorism, Political Violence and the Nordic Countries, Helsinki University, 16.–17.06.2014.
Bergersen, Stine (2014) Norwegian security- and intelligence arrangements: democratic oversight and EU- cooperation., presented at Security, intelligence and EU cooperation: Scotland's comparator countries., University of Edinburgh & ESRC (Economic & Social Research Council), 06.05.2014.
Kaufmann, Mareile (2013) Resilience Regulation and Networked SpacesAntwerp, Belgium, 23–24 January 2013.
Kaufmann, Mareile (2012) Resilience Governance and Networked Space, presented at Practices of Resilience Workshop, Copenhagen, 13.12.2012.
Kaufmann, Mareile 2012 Embracing unknowns: Emergency, resilience and the epistemology of complexity, presented at COST Action: IS1003 "Anticipatory Knowledge in International Law" , , 17.09.2012–18.09.2012.
Kaufmann, Mareile 2012 Networks, Security and Resilience, presented at ICTs and Global Governance, , 28.09.2012–29.09.2012.
Jacobsen, Elida Kristine Undrum 2012 Identification and Financial Inclusion: Gendering the biometric enrolment of homeless in Delhi, presented at 2012 annual NFU conference: Development for a Finite Planet: Grassroots perspectives and responses to climate change, resource extraction and economic development, , .
Lidén, Kristoffer 2012 In Love with a Lie? On the Political Preconditions for Global Peacebuilding Governance, presented at New Frontiers for Peacebuilding: Hybridity, Governance, and Local Agency, , 13–14 September 2012.
Jacobsen, Elida Kristine Undrum 2012 Ethical and Societal Implications of National Biometric Identification, presented at New Delhi: The High Level Privacy Conclave, , .
Jacobsen, Elida Kristine Undrum; & Lidén, Kristoffer 2011 Theoretical Challenges for Assessing Socio-Cultural Sensitivity in Conflict Governance, presented at CORE, , .
Kaufmann, Mareile 2011 Terrorism and Security in Norway - Recent Developments in Law and Intelligence Governance, presented at CASIS Annual Conference 2011, , 09 November 2011.
Jacobsen, Elida Kristine Undrum 2008 'Our' values and the 'Other': The West, Islam, and (Counter) Discourses of Enmity in the Mass-Media, presented at Propaganda: War and Biopolitics, Oslo: HL Senteret, , .
Jacobsen, Elida Kristine Undrum 2008 Media Coverage of Islam, presented at Popular Lecture. Oslo: HL Senteret, , .

PRIO Policy Brief

Vogel, Birte & Oliver P. Richmond (2013) Enabling civil society in conflict resolution, CORE Policy Brief, 2. Oslo: PRIO.
Behera, Navnita Chadha (2013) Conflict, governance and peacebuilding in Kashmir, CORE Policy Brief, 10. Oslo: PRIO.
Amin, Imran & Amit Prakash (2013) Conflict, governance and development, CORE Policy Brief, 7. Oslo: PRIO.
Stavrevska, Elena B. (2013) Ensuring political representation in a restructured Bosnia and Herzegovina, CORE Policy Brief, 1. Oslo: PRIO.
DasGupta, Sumona & Priyanka Singh (2013) Village council elections in Jammu and Kashmir, CORE Policy Brief, 6. Oslo: Peace Research Institute Oslo.
Jacobsen, Elida K. U. & Priyanka Vij (2013) India's national biometric ID scheme, CORE Policy Brief, 4. Oslo: PRIO.
Ghosh, Atig (2013) Governing conflict and peacebuilding in India’s northeast and Bihar, CORE Policy Brief, 8. Oslo: PRIO.
Upadhyaya, Anjoo Sharan; Priyankar Upadhyaya & Ajay Kumar Yadav (2013) Interrogating peace in Meghalaya, CORE Policy Brief, 3. Oslo: PRIO.
Mikhelidze, Nona (2013) Opening the Russian–Georgian railway link through Abkhazia, CORE Policy Brief, 5. Oslo: PRIO.
Bernhard, Anna & Janel B. Galvanek (2013) The importance of dialogical relations and local agency in governance initiatives for conflict resolution, CORE Policy Brief, 9. Oslo: PRIO.
Leander, Anna (2012) Silent and Irresponsible. European Approaches to Commercial Military Services, PRIO Policy Brief, 6. Oslo: PRIO.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora (2012) Cyberwar as an Issue of International law, PRIO Policy Brief, 4. Oslo: PRIO.
Burgess, J. Peter (2012) The Societal Impact of Security Research, PRIO Policy Brief, 9. Oslo: PRIO.
Mironenko, Olga (2010) Data Protection and Security in Civil Aviation, PRIO Policy Brief, 8. Oslo: PRIO.
Burgess, J. Peter (2008) Human Values and Security Technologies, PRIO Policy Brief, 7. Oslo: PRIO.
Burgess, J. Peter & Naima Mouhleb (2008) International Collaboration on Societal Security: NATO, the EU, the UN and Norway, PRIO Policy Brief, 2. Oslo: PRIO.
Burgess, J. Peter (2008) Security after Privacy, PRIO Policy Brief, 5. Oslo: PRIO.
Burgess, J. Peter (2008) Security as Ethics, PRIO Policy Brief, 6. Oslo: PRIO.
Burgess, J. Peter & Sissel Haugdal Jore (2008) The Influence of Globalization on Societal Security: The International Setting, PRIO Policy Brief, 3. Oslo: PRIO.
Burgess, J. Peter & Sissel Haugdal Jore (2008) The Influence of Globalization on Societal Security: The Norwegian Context, PRIO Policy Brief, 4. Oslo: PRIO.
(2007) A Presentation of the State of Societal Security in Norway, PRIO Policy Brief, 9. Oslo: PRIO.

Report - Other

Bergersen, Stine; Mareile Kaufmann; & Merle Missoweit (2014) DRIVER Deliverable 91.3 – Ethical Procedures, Risks and SafeguardsDRIVER - Driving Innovation For Crisis Management For European Resilience.
Kaufmann, Mareile; & Stine Bergersen (2014) DRIVER Deliverable 92.11 - Report on the Creations of Secondary InsecuritiesDRIVER - Driving Innovation For Crisis Management For European Resilience.
Kaufmann, Mareile; & Stine Bergersen (2014) DRIVER Deliverable 92.21 - Report on Societal Costs and Negative Impacts on SocietyDRIVER - Driving Innovation For Crisis Management For European Resilience.
Kaufmann, Mareile (2014) DRIVER Derliverable 92.21 – Planning for Ethical ApprovalsDRIVER - Driving Innovation For Crisis Management For European Resilience.
Kaufmann, Mareile; & Stine Bergersen (2014) DRIVER Deliverable 93.1 - Identification of opportunities for positive societal impact of CMDRIVER - Driving Innovation For Crisis Management For European Resilience.
Jumbert, Maria Gabrielsen (2012) Overview report on trans-national and European law and regulation relative to maritime border control13.2. : Protection of European Borders and Seas Through the Intelligent Use of Surveillance (PERSEUS).
Jumbert, Maria Gabrielsen (2012) Report on relevant legal, ethical and rights issues on data collection, retention and transmission13.5. : Protection of European Borders and Seas Through the Intelligent Use of Surveillance (PERSEUS).
Jumbert, Maria Gabrielsen; & Lidén, Kristoffer (2012) International survey of relevant national, EU and intergovernmental security policies13.1. : Protection of European Borders and Seas Through the Intelligent Use of Surveillance (PERSEUS).
Kaufmann, Mareile (2011) 3.2 ValueSec Catalogue of evaluated Methodologies and Tools available, which address security decisions FP7 Project "Mastering the Value Function of Security Measures" (Valuesec).
Kaufmann, Mareile (2011) 2.1 ValueSec Decision Domains, Concepts and Trends relevant for Security Decisions: FP7 Project "Mastering the Value Function of Security Measures" (Valuesec).
Kaufmann, Mareile (2011) 3.1 ValueSec Framework for the Assessment of Methods and Tools, which address security decisions: FP7 Project "Mastering the Value Function of Security Measures" (Valuesec).
Kaufmann, Mareile (2011) 3.3 ValueSec Evaluation of Methods and Tools, and the required improvements: FP7 Project "Mastering the Value Function of Security Measures" (Valuesec).

Report - External Series

Gräns, Jonas; & Sira, Inger Helene (2010) The Promotion of Human Security in EU Security Policies, INEX Policy Brief Series, 7. : .

Book Review

Jumbert, Maria Gabrielsen (2012) Review of Protecting Our Ports: Domestic and International Politics of Containerized Freight Security, in Journal of Peace Research 49(3): .
Jacobsen, Elida Kristine Undrum(2009) Review of European Security Culture: Language, Theory, Policy (Monica Gariup) 855.