Minister Dhieu Mathok Diing Wol from South Sudan visited PRIO today. He is in Oslo for the UN High Level Seminar on Gender and Inclusive Mediation Strategies, organized by PRIO this week.
PRIO researchers have contributed to a survey of seven cities around the world during the Covid-19 pandemic. This survey offers clues to how businesses handle crises, and the results are summed up in an article in Harvard Business Review.
The Norwegian Ministry of Foreign has asked PRIO to carry out an external review of its Strategy for Norway's efforts in the Sahel region 2018–2020 in Africa. The review will be conducted by research professor Øystein H. Rolandsen (PRIO), Professor Tor Arve Benjaminsen (NMBU and PRIO) and Senior researcher Tone Sommerfelt (PRIO).
How do political opposition groups in Myanmar and Thailand use popular culture and art to generate legitimacy for their political causes and propagate their messages?
Following an external academic evaluation, the PRIO Board has awarded Research Professor competence to Øystein H. Rolandsen.
Next Tuesday December 8th at 14.00 CET (Oslo time) we will have the PRIO Annual Peace Address, this time with young peacebuilders Hajer Sharief and Ilwad Elman.
On this occasion we wanted to highlight projects and research that focus on youth activism. We're sharing our work on young engagement in political change, because social movements that turn into positive societal transformation are not only initiated by people in power, but very often are initiated or inspired by youth trying to improve their communities. Here are some of the projects showing the importance of youth in peacebuilding.
The Sahel region is increasingly affected by transnational security threats which spill across national borders, such as insurgency, terror attacks, uncontrolled migration and illicit trafficking in commodities. A key reason for the persistence of those threats is the poor performance of the region’s security forces.
There is an open call for papers to the SFAssist panel at the European Conference of African Studies, 11-14 June 2019.
The panel is titled: International security assistance in Africa: views beyond the policy and is sponsored by the thematic group [CRG Violent Conflict].
December 5-7, PRIO hosted a workshop titled ‘Security Force Assistance in Fragile States’. Involving 30 leading academics and practitioners from around the world, the workshop provided fruitful and stimulating discussions and will stimulate future research agendas.
As part of the workshop, PRIO arranged an open seminar at Litteraturhuset on Wednesday 5 December titled ‘Military Capacity Building as a “One Size Fits All” Solution to Norway and NATO’s Security Challenges in Fragile States’. The seminar was chaired by PRIO senior researcher Øystein H. Rolandsen, and the panel consisted of: Michael Miklaucic, of the US National Defense University and editor of PRISM journal; Ruth Hanau Santini professor at the Università Orientale (Naples); Emily Knowles, director of the Remote Warfare Programme at the Oxford Research Group; and PRIO research professor Kristian Berg Harpviken. Henrik Urdal opened the seminar and welcomed the audience and participants.
On 1 November, PRIO Centre on Culture and Violent Conflict organized the lunch seminar Cieng, Kafka, and Malcolm X: how southern Sudanese displaced people in Khartoum worked out what liberation might mean.
On 27-29 August, PRIO hosted an academic workshop marking the formal launch of the PRIO Centre on Culture and Violent Conflict led by Øystein H. Rolandsen, Cindy Horst and Jacob Høigilt.
The announcement of the NORGLOBAL funds from the Research Council of Norway has been published, and PRIO is very happy to see three important projects receiving funding:
More information about these projects will soon be available at the PRIO website.
PRIO has launched a new Centre on Culture and Violent Conflict. The centre aims to study the relations between culture and violent conflict by initiating joint research projects, hosting seminars and workshops and encouraging cooperation between scholars and practitioners in the cultural field.
Championing interpretive research based on the humanities, the Centre is one of the few international efforts to create an academic environment dedicated to researching the nexus of culture and violent conflict. It comes at a time when such contributions are recognized as being important to understand and prevent violence. The Norwegian government's recent White Paper on the Humanities emphasizes that the contribution from the humanities is essential to research on conflict.
The PRIO Centre on Culture and Violent Conflict is located at the PRIO headquarters in Oslo, and is staffed by PRIO researchers. It actively seeks to collaborate with cultural events and festivals in Norway that treat topics of peace, conflict and violence.
Øystein H. Rolandsen is co-editor of a new volume highlighting the violent struggles of Eastern African nations from the end of colonialism and throughout the Cold War.
The NCHS Annual Report for 2014 is now available! You can read the report online or download it here.
The report gives an overview of the projects, events, blogs and publications of the Centre for 2014. Further information about NCHS researchers and affiliates is available here.
Over the 50 years between 1940 and 1990, the countries of eastern Africa were embroiled in a range of debilitating and destructive conflicts, starting with the wars of independence, but then incorporating rebellion, secession and local insurrection as the Cold War replaced colonialism. The articles gathered here illustrate how significant, widespread and dramatic this violence was. In these years, violence was used as a principal instrument in the creation and consolidation of the authority of the state, and it was also regularly and readily utilised by those who wished to challenge state authority through insurrection and secession. Why was it that eastern Africa should have experienced such extensive and intensive violence in the 50 years before 1990? Was this resort to violence a consequence of imperial rule, the legacy of oppressive colonial domination under a coercive and non-representative state system? Did essential contingencies such as the Cold War provoke and promote the use of violence? Or was it a choice made by Africans themselves and their leaders, a product of their own agency? This article focuses on these turbulent decades, exploring the principal conflicts in six key countries – Kenya, Uganda, Sudan, Ethiopia, Somalia and Tanzania.
The Research School on Peace and Conflict invites applications for the course 'Humanitarian Action and the Protection of Civilians' 28-30 October. The course is based on the research project Protection of Civilians: from principle to practice, organised in collaboration between CMI, NUPI and PRIO within the Norwegian Centre for Humanitarian Studies. It will be lectured by project members and coincide with a project workshop.
Enlightening papers enhancing debate were presented over four days at the conference “Struggles over emerging states in Africa: The impact of political governance violence on governance and society in North-East Africa, 1950-1980” in Durham in May. The papers and their main findings will be published in the forthcoming year, but here is a taste of some of the issues raised during the conference and master class.
8-11 May the Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO) in collaboration with the Department of History and the Global Security Institute of the University of Durham organised a successful conference in Durham (UK). More than 30 scholars gathered with the aim of exploring how, and to what degree, political violence shaped emerging independent states in northeast Africa in the ‘formative’ period between the 1950s and 1980.
The project “The Dynamics of State Failure and Violence: A comparative study of rebellion and peace processes in South Sudan’s contemporary history has received funding from the Research Council of Norway’s FRIPRO programme.
Øystein H. Rolandsen has published a PRIO Paper; From Guerilla Movement to Political Party: The Restructuring of Sudan's People Liberation Movement in Three Southern States. The report is a survey of SPLM’s recently established party structures and their political context in three Southern Sudanese states. Women and youth’s influence and opportunities for participation is given special attention.