Wenche Iren Hauge

Senior Researcher

Wenche Iren Hauge
Email: Wenche_h@prio.org
Work phone: (+47) 22 54 77 36
Mobile phone: (+47) 906 87 034

Research Interests


Ongoing projects:

WOMENsPEACE: Gender Equality, Peace and Security in Nepal and Myanmar

​Funded by the Research Council of Norway (NORGLOBAL), the PRIO project Gender Equality, Peace and Security in Nepal and Myanmar (WOMENsPEACE) starts up in February 2016. It will be led by Wenche Iren Hauge and includes Åshild Kolås, and researchers in Nepal and Myanmar.

​This project focuses on the gender dimension of disarmament, demobilization and reintegration (DDR) processes in Nepal and Myanmar, and on the post-conflict political participation of female and male ex-combatants. In addition, it investigates the consequences of DDR processes for post-conflict gender equality, women and men's social inclusion and women's rights. A considerable amount of theoretical studies have been conducted on the gender dimension of DDR processes, but so far very few case studies exist. The WOMENsPEACE project is important - not only for providing new case studies - but also for bringing in case studies from two different types of conflict; the primarily ideological conflict in Nepal and the ethnic conflicts in Myanmar. With this new perspective, this project will contribute to moving the frontiers of knowledge on women, peace and security in particular and on post-conflict transformation in general. The WOMENsPEACE project is a collaborative effort between PRIO and the partner institutions Nepal Centre for Contemporary Research (NCCR ) in Nepal and Ar Yone Oo (AYO ) in Myanmar. In addition, the project will work with local women's associations in Nepal and Myanmar. In 2016 NCCR will organize a workshop in Kathmandu and in 2017 AYO will organize a workshop in Yangon. The objective of these workshops is to bring together women's organizations, female politicians, activists and civil society, to share experiences on the role of women in conflict, peace processes and post-conflict contexts. An international conference will also be organized in Bangkok in 2018. The conference will bring together all project partners in addition to key people from NGOs, multilateral organizations, relevant Norwegian embassies and researchers working on women's empowerment and gender equality in peace processes.


Past projects:

Conflict Prevention and Conflict Management in Haiti: Insight from Marginalized Communities
Project financed by the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
This project has its focus on local capacities for the prevention of violence in Haiti. The objective is to identify models of conflict prevention rooted in Haitian traditions or adaptable to the Haitian context.The project is divided into three phases, covering different geographical areas of Haiti, including Artibonite and Port-au-Prince (phase I - completed), the South, the South-East, Grande-Anse and Nippes (phase II - completed),  the North-West and North-East (phase III-ongoing). Reports in French and English are available from the project. (See list of publications!)

The Demobilization and Political Participation of Female Fighters in Guatemala.
Project financed by the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
This project aims at investigating how the female URNG ex-combatants fared in the demobilization and reintegration process in Guatemala and to what degree they have become socially and politically active in the post-conflict democratization and pecebuilding process.

Domestic Capabilities for Peaceful Conflict Management.
Project financed by the Research Council of Norway (POVPEACE).
This project focuses on the causes of peace. It seeks to investigate which contexts facilitate the existence of domestic capabilities for peaceful conflict management and why. Earlier research by Hauge has revealed that particular characteristics of civil-military relations, dialogue traditions and adherence to cultural concepts of nonviolence have constituted such capabilities in Madagascar. This project includes a comparative study of peaceful conflict management in Madagascar, Tunisia, Venezuela and Ecuador, and - in addition - a study of what kind of challenges frequent use of violence in Haiti represents to the development of a tradition for peaceful conflict management.


​​​​​​Languages spoken:

Norwegian, English, Spanish, French and basic German

Working experience:

Since 1995: Researcher at PRIO

Since Autumn 2003: Post-doctoral researcher

1997-2002: Doctoral candidate. Financed by a grant from the Norwegian Research Council, with additional funding from the Ford Foundation.

1998-2001: Member of the Editorial Committee of the Journal of Peace Research (JPR).

1990-95: Head of Information in the North/South Coalition.
This is a debate forum for gathering the research community, private organizations, media and government, interested in North/South and development issues.


Dr. Polit. (University of Oslo, 2003)
Cand Polit (University of Oslo, 1990)


PRIO started tracking events online in 2007. This listing is not complete. Past events may be mentioned in our news archive.

All Publications

Peer-reviewed Journal Article

Hauge, Wenche Iren; Rachelle Doucet & Alain Gilles (2015) Building peace from below – the potential of local models of conflict prevention in Haiti, Conflict, Security & Development 15(3): 259–282.
Hauge, Wenche Iren (2011) Madagascar between Peace and Conflict - Domestic Capabilities for Peaceful Conflict Management, Conflict, Security and Development 11(5): 509–531.
Hauge, Wenche Iren (2010) When Peace Prevails: The Management of Political Crises in Ecuador, Madagascar, Tunisia and Venezuela, Alternatives 35(4): 469–493.
Hauge, Wenche Iren (2009) A Latin American Agenda for Peace, International Peacekeeping 16(5): 685–698.
Hauge, Wenche Iren (2008) Group identity—a neglected asset: Determinants of social and political participation among female ex-fighters in Guatemala, Conflict, Security & Development 8(3): 295–316.
Hauge, Wenche Iren (2007) The Demobilization and Political Participation of Female Fighters in Guatemala, a Report to the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs: 36–.
Hauge, Wenche Iren (2006) Political Parties, Social Mobilization and Political Culture in Haiti, report to the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs: 57–.
Hauge, Wenche Iren (2005) Madagascar - Past and Present Political Crises: Resilience of Pro-Peace Structures and Cultural Characteristics, report to the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation: 35–.
Hauge, Wenche Iren (2003) Research on Sri Lanka in the Period 1998-2002: Future Challenges.
Hauge, Wenche Iren & Tanja Ellingsen (1998) Beyond Environmental Scarcity: Causal Pathways to Conflict, Journal of Peace Research 35(3): 299–317.

PhD Thesis

Hauge, Wenche Iren (2003) Causes and Dynamics of Conflict Escalation: The Role of Environmental Change and Economic Development Case Studies of Bangladesh, Haiti, Madagascar, Guatemala, Senegal and Tunisia. PhD thesis, Supervisors: Helge Hveem, UiO; Dan Smith, PRIO (submitted 13 December 2002, defended 26 September), University of Oslo.

Book Chapter

Hauge, Wenche Iren (2012) Haiti, in Latin-Amerikanske løsninger (Latin American Solutions). Oslo: Latin-Amerika Gruppene. Solidaritet Forlag (238–241).
Hauge, Wenche Iren (2011) Girl Soldiers in Guatemala, in Özerdem, Alpaslan; & Sukanya Podder, eds, Child Soldiers: from Recruitment to Reintegration. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan (91–103).
Hauge, Wenche Iren (2010) Haiti, in Julia Steen Loge, ed., Gull og grønne skoger. Oslo: Solidaritet Forlag: Latin-Amerikagruppene i Norge (224–228).
Hauge, Wenche Iren & Beate Thoresen (2008) The Fate of Former Combatants in Guatemala: Spoilers or Agents for Change?, in The Paradoxes of Peacebuilding Post-9/11. Toronto: University of British Colombia Press (210–235).
Hauge, Wenche Iren (2008) Petrocaribe: energisamarbeid for utvikling, in Anne Siri Gilsåmo Renå, ed., Oljetønner og kaffebønner: Kampen om naturressursene. Oslo: Latin-amerikagruppene i Norge (176–200).
Hauge, Wenche Iren & Tanja Ellingsen (2000) Causal Pathways to Conflict, in Environmental Conflict. Boulder, CO: (36–57).
Hauge, Wenche Iren (1999) The Role of Development and Environmental Change in Conflict Processes, in Ethnicity and Intrastate Conflict: Types, Causes and Peace Strategies. Aldershot: .
Hauge, Wenche Iren (1996) Development and Conflict, in Causes of Conflict in the Third World. Oslo: .

Non-refereed Journal Article

Hauge, Wenche Iren (2012) Haiti - Det brysame etterslepet frå 80-åra [Haiti - The Troublesome Baggage from the 1980s], LatinAmerika 17(3): 22–23.
Hauge, Wenche Iren (2008) Crisis politicas pasadas y presentes en Madagascar [Past and Present Political Crises in Madagascar], Temas(53): 24–32.
Hauge, Wenche Iren (1998) Development, Trade and Armed Conflict: The Vicious Circle of Marginalisation, ICDA Journal 5(1): 43–51.

Popular Article

Hauge, Wenche Iren (2013) Menneskerettighetene er udelelige, Aftenposten, 18 July.
Hauge, Wenche Iren (2010) Enkelt å manipulere om Venezuela [Easy to Manipulate about Venezuela], Dagbladet, 14 July.
Hauge, Wenche Iren (2010) Veldokumentert kupp [A Well Documented Coup], Dagbladet, 11 June.
Hauge, Wenche Iren (2010) Ein strategi for remilitarisering av det karibiske området [A Strategy for Remilitarising the Caribbean Region], Dag og Tid, 5 February.
Hauge, Wenche Iren (2010) Haiti Agenda, Dagbladet, 31 January.
Hauge, Wenche Iren (2009) Colombias fredskvinne [Colombia’s Woman of Peace], Bergens Tidende, 12 September.
Hauge, Wenche Iren (2009) Sviket mot tamilane [The Deception of the Tamils], Dagsavisen, 12 August.
Hauge, Wenche Iren (2009) Kampen om demokratiet [The Struggle for Democracy], Verdens Gang (VG), 18 July.
Bull, Benedicte & Wenche Iren Hauge (2009) Polariserende om Venezuela [Polarizing about Venezuela], Aftenposten, 20 February.
Hauge, Wenche Iren (2008) Fred på latin-amerikansk [Latin American Peace], Dagbladet, 15 August.
Hauge, Wenche Iren (2008) Haiti - historia bak matprotestane [Haiti - the Story behind the Food Riots ], Bistandsaktuelt, 30 June.
Hauge, Wenche Iren (2008) Venezuelas olje for utvikling [Venezuela's Oil for Development], Bergens Tidende, 26 March.
Hauge, Wenche Iren (2005) Madagaskar - ein fredsnasjon, Vårt Land, 15 August.
Hauge, Wenche Iren (2005) Madagaskar's evne til fredeleg konflikthandtering [Madagscar's Capability for Peaceful Conflict management], Madagaskar Forum, 1 February.
Hauge, Wenche Iren (2004) Om berre freden varer, Klassekampen, 18 December.
Frydenlund, Iselin & Wenche Iren Hauge (2004) Valg i et fragmentert Sri Lanka [Elections in a Fragmented Sri Lanka], Bergens Tidende, 2 April.

PRIO Report

Hauge, Wenche Iren; Rachelle Doucet; & Alain Gilles (2008) Conflict Prevention in a DDR Context in HaitiOslo.

Conference Paper

Hauge, Wenche Iren (2006) Desarme, Desmovilización y reconstrucción (DDR) en Guatemala [Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR) in Guatemala], presented at the international conference 'La construcción de la paz y prevención de conflictos: un reto para la cooperación española', Madrid, 4–5 October.
Hauge, Wenche Iren (2006) La Prevención de Conflictos y la Construcción de la Paz en el Marco de la Cooperación Noruega [Conflict Prevention and Peacebuilding in Norwegian Development Cooperation], presented at the international conference 'La construcción de la paz y prevención de conflictos: un reto para la cooperación española', Madrid, 4–5 October.
Hauge, Wenche Iren (2006) Desmovilización, Reintegración y Participación Politica en Guatemala [Demobilization, Reintegration and Political Participation in Guatemala], presented at the international conference '10 Años de paz en Guatemala, 10 Años de paz en el mundo', Barcelona, 6–8 November.

PRIO Policy Brief

Hauge, Wenche Iren (2016) Haiti’s Food Security Challenges, PRIO Policy Brief, 28. Oslo: PRIO.
Hauge, Wenche Iren (2015) Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration Processes (DDR): The Gender Asset, GPS Policy Brief, 1. Oslo: PRIO.

PRIO Paper

Hauge, Wenche Iren (2016) Gender Dimensions of Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR), PRIO Paper. Oslo: PRIO.

Report - External Series

Hauge, Wenche Iren (2015) Haitian migrant workers in the Dominican Republic: a different framework, NOREF Policy Brief. Oslo: NOREF.
Hauge, Wenche Iren (2015) Haitian migrant workers in the Dominican Republic: a different framework, NOREF Policy Brief. Oslo: NOREF.
Hauge, Wenche Iren (2004) Norwegian Peacebuilding Policies: Lessons Learnt and Challenges Ahead, Evaluation Report, 2. Oslo.

Blog Posts

The Gender Asset in Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration Processes (DDR)

Posted by Wenche Iren Hauge on Monday, 8 February 2016

The Potentials of Changing Gender Patterns. Both genders – female and male – can be actors as well as victims in armed conflict, depending on the context. Changed gender roles among ex-combatants of armed groups constitute a potential source of change towards more balanced gender relations in the larger post-conflict society. It is necessary to take into account the particular needs of victims of armed conflict, but it is equally important to bear in mind that female and male conflict actors also represent resources that bring their new skills and experiences into the post-conflict situation. Changing gender roles during armed ...

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