Kristian Skrede Gleditsch

Professor, Department of Government, University of Essex

Kristian Skrede Gleditsch
Email: ksg@essex.ac.uk
Work phone: +44(0)1206 82 01 44
Kristian Skrede Gleditsch is an External Associate at PRIO.

Background

​​External homepage: 

Please see the external homepage at the University of Essex and his personal website​ for more information about this person.

Recent Publications

Polo, Sara M T & Kristian Skrede Gleditsch (2016) Twisting Arms and Sending Messages: Terrorist Tactics in Civil War, Journal of Peace Research 53(6): 815–829.

All Publications

Peer-reviewed Journal Article

Polo, Sara M T & Kristian Skrede Gleditsch (2016) Twisting Arms and Sending Messages: Terrorist Tactics in Civil War, Journal of Peace Research 53(6): 815–829.
Bove, Vincenzo; Kristian Skrede Gleditsch & Petros Sekeris (2016) Oil above Water: Economic Interdependence and Third-Party Intervention, Journal of Conflict Resolution 60(7): 1251–1277.
Gates, Scott; Kristian Skrede Gleditsch & Anja Shortland (2016) Winner of the 2016 Lewis Fry Richardson Award, Paul Collier: Clarity and Compassion in the Study of Civil War, Peace Economics, Peace Science and Public Policy 22(4): 339–346.
Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede & Sara M T Polo (2016) Ethnic Inclusion, Democracy, and Terrorism, Public Choice 169(3): 207–229.
C.M. Miranda, Luiz ; Leonel F. Perondi & Kristian Skrede Gleditsch (2016) The Evolution of Civil War Severity, 1816–2005, Peace Economics, Peace Science and Public Policy 22(3): 247–276.
Buhaug, Halvard; Lars-Erik Cederman & Kristian Skrede Gleditsch (2016) Ulikhet, eksklusjon og borgerkrig [Inequality, Exclusion, and Civil War], Politica 48(1): 12–29.
Beardsley, Kyle; Kristian Skrede Gleditsch & Nigel Lo (2015) Roving Bandits? The Geographical Evolution of African Armed Conflicts, International Studies Quarterly 59(3): 503–516.
Beardsley, Kyle & Kristian Skrede Gleditsch (2015) Peacekeeping as Conflict Containment, International Studies Review 17(1): 67–89.
Asal, Victor; Ken Cousins & Kristian Skrede Gleditsch (2015) Making Ends Meet: Combining Organizational Data in Contentious Politics, Journal of Peace Research 52(1): 134–138.
White, Peter B.; Dragana Vidovic; Belén González; Kristian Skrede Gleditsch & David Cunningham (2015) Nonviolence as a Weapon of the Resourceful: From Claims to Tactics in Mobilization, Mobilization 20(4): 471–491.
Buhaug, Halvard; Lars-Erik Cederman & Kristian Skrede Gleditsch (2014) Square Pegs in Round Holes: Inequalities, Grievances, and Civil War, International Studies Quarterly 58(2): 418–431.
Cunningham, David; Kristian Skrede Gleditsch & Idean Salehyan (2013) Non-state actors in civil wars: A new dataset, Conflict Management and Peace Science 30(5): 516–531.
Cederman, Lars-Erik; Kristian Skrede Gleditsch; Idean Salehyan & Julian Wucherpfenning (2013) Transborder Ethnic Kin and Civil War, International Organization 67(2): 389–410.
Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede & Michael D. Ward (2013) Forecasting is Difficult, Especially about the Future: Using Contentious Issues to Forecast Interstate Disputes, Journal of Peace Research 50(1): 17–30.
Cederman, Lars-Erik; Kristian Skrede Gleditsch & Simon Hug (2013) Elections and Ethnic Civil War, Comparative Political Studies 46(3): 387–417.
Celestino, Mauricio Rivera & Kristian Skrede Gleditsch (2013) Fresh carnations or all thorn, no rose? Nonviolent campaigns and transitions in autocracies, Journal of Peace Research 50(3): 385–400.
Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede & Nils Weidmann (2012) Richardson in the Information Age: Geographic Information Systems and Spatial Data in International Studies, Annual Review of Political Science 15(1): 461–481.
Deiwiks, Christa; Lars-Erik Cederman & Kristian Skrede Gleditsch (2012) Inequality and Conflict in Federations, Journal of Peace Research 49(2): 289–304.
Hendrix, Cullen & Kristian Skrede Gleditsch (2012) Civil War: Is it all About Disease and Xenophobia? A Comment on Letendre, Fincher & Thornhill, Biological Reviews 87(1): 163–167.
Wucherpfennig, Julian ; Nils W. Metternich; Lars-Erik Cederman & Kristian Skrede Gleditsch (2012) Ethnicity, the State, and the Duration of Civil Wars, World Politics 64(1): 79–115.
Buhaug, Halvard;Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede;Holtermann, Helge;Østby, Gudrun; & Tollefsen, Andreas Forø (2011) It's the Local Economy, Stupid! Geographic Wealth Dispersion and Conflict Outbreak Location , Journal of Conflict Resolution 55(5): 814–840.
Buhaug, Halvard; Kristian Skrede Gleditsch; Helge Holtermann; Gudrun Østby & Andreas Forø Tollefsen (2011) It’s the Local Economy, Stupid! Geographic Wealth Dispersion and Conflict Outbreak Location, Journal of Conflict Resolution 55(5): 814–840.
Salehyan, Idean; Kristian Skrede Gleditsch & David Cunningham (2011) Explaining External Support for Insurgent Groups, International Organization 66(4): 709–744.
Cederman, Lars-Erik; Nils Weidmann & Kristian Skrede Gleditsch (2011) Horizontal Inequalities and Ethno-nationalist Civil War: A Global Comparison, American Political Science Review 105(3): 478–495.
Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede; Julian Wucherpfenning; Simon Hug & Karina Reigstad (2011) Polygyny or Misogyny? Reexamining the ‘First Law of Intergroup Conflict’, Journal of Politics 73(1): 1–6.
Weidmann, Nils & Kristian Skrede Gleditsch (2010) Mapping and Measuring Country Shapes: The cshapes Package, R Journal 2(1): 18–24.
Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede & Andrea Ruggeri (2010) Political Opportunity Structures, Democracy, and Civil War, Journal of Peace Research 47(3): 299–310.
Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede (2010) On Ignoring Missing Data and the Robustness of Trade and Conflict Results: A Reply to Barbieri, Keshk, and Pollins, Conflict Management and Peace Science 27(2): 153–157.
Clauset, Aaron; Lindsay Heger; Maxwell Young & Kristian Skrede Gleditsch (2010) The Strategic Calculus of Terrorism: Substitution and Competition in the Israel-Palestine Conflict, Cooperation and Conflict 45(1): 6–33.
Weidmann, Nils; Doreen Kuse & Kristian Skrede Gleditsch (2010) The Geography of the International System: The CShapes Dataset, International Interactions 36(1): 86–106.
Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede; David Cunningham & Idean Salehyan (2009) It Takes Two: A Dyadic Analysis of Civil War Duration and Outcome, Journal of Conflict Resolution 53(4): 570–597.
Jensen , Peter Sandholt & Kristian Skrede Gleditsch (2009) Rain, Growth and Civil War: The Importance of Location, Defence and Peace Economics 20(5): 359–372.
Cederman, Lars-Erik; Kristian Skrede Gleditsch & Luc Girardin (2009) Ethnonationalist Triads: Assessing the Influence of Kin Groups on Civil Wars, World Politics 61(3): 403–437.
Goemans, Hein; Giacomo Chiozza & Kristian Skrede Gleditsch (2009) Introducing Archigos: A Dataset of Political Leaders, Journal of Peace Research 46(2): 269–283.
Buhaug, Halvard; & Kristian Skrede Gleditsch (2008) Contagion or Confusion? Why Conflicts Cluster in Space, International Studies Quarterly 52(2): 215–233.
Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede;Salehyan, Idean; & Schultz, Kenneth (2008) Fighting at Home, Fighting Abroad: How Civil Wars Lead to International Disputes , Journal of Conflict Resolution 52(4): 479–506.
Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede (2007) Transnational Dimensions of Civil War, Journal of Peace Research 44(3): 293–309.
Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede & Kyle Beardsley (2004) Nosy Neighbors - Third-party Actors in Central American Conflicts, Journal of Conflict Resolution 48(3): 379–402.
Cederman, Lars-Erik & Kristian Skrede Gleditsch (2004) Conquest and Regime Change: An Evolutionary Model of the Spread of Democracy and Peace, International Studies Quarterly 48(3): 603–629.
Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede (2002) Expanded Trade and GDP Data , Journal of Conflict Resolution 46(5): 712–724.
Ward, Michael D.; & Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede (2002) Location, Location, Location: An MCMC Approach to Modeling the Spatial Context of War and Peace , Political Analysis 10(3): 244–260.
Heagerty, Patrick;Ward, Michael D.; & Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede (2002) Windows of Opportunity: Window Subseries Empirical Variance Estimators in International Relations , Political Analysis 10(3): 304–317.
Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede (2001) Measuring Space: A Minimum Distance Database , Journal of Peace Research 38(6): 749–768.
Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede; & Ward, Michael D. (2000) Peace and War in Time and Space: The Role of Democratization , International Studies Quarterly 43(1): 1–29.
Enterline, Andrew J.; & Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede (2000) Threats, Opportunity, and Force: Leaders’ Externalization of Domestic Pressure , International Interactions 26(1): 21–53.
Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede; & Ward, Michael D. (1999) A Revised List of Independent States since 1816 , International Interactions 25(4): 393–413.
Ward, Michael D.;O'Loughlin, John;Cohen, Jordin S.;Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede;Brown, David S.;Reilly, David A.;Lofdahl, Corey L.; & Shin, Michael E. (1998) The Diffusion of Democracy, 1946-1994 , Annals of the Association of American Geographers 88(4): 545–574.
Santmire, Tara;Wilkenfeld, Jonathan;Kraus, Sarit;Holley, Kim M.;Santmire, Toni E.; & Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede (1998) Differences in Cognitive Complexity Levels among Negotiators and Crisis Outcomes , Political Psychology 19(4): 721–748.
Ward, Michael D.; & Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede (1998) Democratizing for Peace , American Political Science Review 92(1): 51–61.
Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede; & Ward, Michael D. (1997) Double Take: Reexamining Democracy and Autocracy in Modern Polities , Journal of Conflict Resolution 41(3): 361–383.
Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede (1994) Mot demokrati i Mexico? [Towards Democracy in Mexico?], Internasjonal Politikk 52(1): 89–104.

Monograph

Cederman, Lars-Erik; Kristian Skrede Gleditsch & Halvard Buhaug (2013) Inequality, Grievances, and Civil War. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Cambridge Studies in Contentious Politics.
Don Ward, Michael; & Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede (2008) Spatial Regression Models. : Quantitative Applications in the Social Sciences.
Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede (2002) All International Politics is Local: The Diffusion of Conflict, Integration, and Democratization. : .

Book Chapter

Cunningham, David; Kristian Skrede Gleditsch & Idean Salehyan (2016) Trends in Civil War Data: Geography, Organizations, and Events, in Mason, T. David; & Sara McLaughlin Mitchell, eds, What Do We Know about Civil Wars?. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield (247–260).
Cunningham, David; Kristian Skrede Gleditsch & Idean Salehyan (2016) Non-State Actors in Civil War, in Backer, David; Ravinder Bhavnani; & Paul Huth, eds, Peace and Conflict 2016. Abingdon: Routledge (50–56).
Metternich, Nils & Kristian Skrede Gleditsch (2016) Forecasting in International Relations, in Patrick James, ed., Oxford Bibliographies in International Relations. New York: Oxford University Press .
Theisen, Ole Magnus;Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede; & Buhaug, Halvard(2012) Climate Change and Armed Conflict, in Brown, Graham K.; & Langer, Arnim, eds, Elgar Handbook of Civil War and Fragile States. : Edward Elgar Publishing(125–138).
Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede (2011) Entries on “Civil War” and “Data, Spatial” , in Berg-Schlosser, Dirk; Leonardo Morlino; & Bertrand Badie, eds, International Encyclopedia of Political Science. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE .
Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede & Kyle Beardsley (2010) Core Issues in International Data Collection, in Diehl, Paul F.; & James D. Morrow, eds, International Studies Encyclopedia, Volume on Scientific Study of International Processes. New York: .
Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede (2008) The Spread of Civil War, in Bercovitch, Jacob; & Victor Kremenyuk, eds, The SAGE Handbook of Conflict Resolution. London: Sage Publications (595–612).
Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede & Idean Salehyan (2008) Civil War and Interstate Disputes, in Öberg, Magnus; & Kaare Strøm, eds, Resources, Governance and Civil Conflict. London: (58–76).
Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede (2008) Civil War and its Spread, in Handbook on Conflict Resolution. London: (597–614).
Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede (2008) Civil War, Yugoslavian, in International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences. Farmington Hills, MI: .
Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede & Michael D. Ward (2008) Diffusion and the Spread of Democratic Institutions, in Beth Simmons, ed., The Global Diffusion of Markets and Democracy. Cambridge: (261–302).
Young, Maxwell & Kristian Skrede Gleditsch (2007) On the Frequency of Severe Terrorist Events, in Statsvitenskaplig Fagkonferanse. Trondheim: .
Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede; Maxwell Young & Aaron Clauset (2007) On the Frequency of Severe Terrorist Events, in Journal of Conflict Resolution. Cambridge: (58–87).
Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede; & Ward, Michael D.(2005) Visualization in the Study of International Relations New Directions In International Relations. : (65–91).
Ward, Michael D.; & Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede(2004) Globalization and Broccoli: Globalization’s Impact on Poverty, Inequality, Conflict, and Democracy Globalization and Its Outcomes. : (159–181).
Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede(1997) Civilian Resistance in Norway 1940-45 Protest, Power, and Change: an Encyclopedia of Nonviolent Action from ACT-UP to Women’S Suffrage. : .

Non-refereed Journal Article

Ari, Baris; Kristian Skrede Gleditsch; Håvard Hegre & Tore Wig (2016) Democratization and Civil Conflict, American Political Science Association-Comparative Democratization (APSA-CD) 14(2): 1–7.
Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede & Vincenzo Bove (2011) 2010 Lewis Fry Richardson Lifetime Achievement Award: Ron P. Smith and the Economics of War and Peace, Peace Economics, Peace Science and Public Policy 17(1): 11–.
Cederman, Lars-Erik & Kristian Skrede Gleditsch (2009) Introduction to Special Issue on “Disaggregating Civil War”, Journal of Conflict Resolution 53(4): 487–495.
Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede (1995) Økonomiske Sanksjoner: En mer humanitær form for krigføring? [Economic Sanctions: A Humane Alternative to Warfare?] , Ikkevold (163): 21–25.
Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede (1994) Democide: Drept av egen regjering [Democide: Killed by one's own Government] , Ikkevold (159): 18–29.
Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede (1994) Høyreekstrem terrorisme, voldsbruk og lovverket [Extreme Right Terrorism, Violence, and the Law] , Ikkevold (161): 20–23.
Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede (1993) Humanitær intervensjon: The White Man's Burden? [Humanitarian Intervention: The White Man's Burden?] , Ikkevold (158): 14–27.

Conference Paper

Buhaug, Halvard;Cederman, Lars-Erik; & Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede 2011 Square Pegs in Round Holes: Inequalities, Grievances, and Civil War, presented at American Political Science Association (APSA), , 1–4 September.
Buhaug, Halvard;Cederman, Lars-Erik; & Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede 2010 Square Pegs in Round Holes: Grievances, Inequalities, and Civil War, presented at Peace Science Society (International), , 22–23 October.
Buhaug, Halvard; Kristian Skrede Gleditsch; Helge Holtermann & Gudrun Østby (2009) Poverty, Inequality, and Conflict: Using Within-Country Variation to Evaluate Competing Hypotheses, presented at 50th Annual Convention of the International Studies Association, New York, NY, 15–18 February.
Cunningham, David; Kristian Skrede Gleditsch & Idean Salehyan (2009) The Enemy of My Enemy Deserves My Support: Transnational Support for Insurgent Groups, presented at American Political Science Association, Toronto, Ontario, 4 September.
Buhaug, Halvard;Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede;Holtermann, Helge; & Østby, Gudrun 2008Poverty, Inequality, and Conflict: Using Within-Country Variation to Evaluate Competing Hypotheses, presented at Peace Science Society (International)24 October.
Ruggeri, Andrea & Kristian Skrede Gleditsch (2007) Political Opportunity Structures, Democracy, and Civil WarChicago, IL, 28 February–3 March.
Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede; Idean Salehyan & Kenneth Schultz (2007) The Civil Peace: Exploring the Relationship between Civil and International Conflict, presented at the 48th Annual Metting of the International Studies Association, Chicago, IL, 28 February–3 March.
Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede (2005) The Origin of Conflict Clusters: Contagion or Bad Neighborhoods?, presented at the ECPR general conference, Budapest, 8–10 September.

PRIO Policy Brief

Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede & Mauricio Rivera Celestino (2016) Non-Violence and Democratization, PRIO Policy Brief, 16. Oslo: PRIO.
Cunningham, David; Belén González; Kristian Skrede Gleditsch; Dragana Vidović & Peter B. White (2016) Violence and Non-Violence in Anti-Government Mobilization, PRIO Policy Brief, 21. Oslo: PRIO.
Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede; Han Dorussen; Nils Metternich & Andrea Ruggeri (2010) Transnational Dimensions and the Myth of Civil Wars as National Events, PRIO Policy Brief, 1. Oslo: PRIO.

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