Nicholas Marsh

Researcher, NISAT

Nicholas Marsh
Email: nic@prio.org
Work phone: 4722 54 77 72
Twitter: @NISATprio

Research Interests

NISAT online database and archive of small arms transfers, production, and regulations. See www.NISAT.org

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Primary:

  • Global trade in small arms and light weapons.
    Data and methodology used to research the trade in small arms and light weapons.
  • Arms acquisition by non-state parties involved in civil war.
  • Arms export and transfer controlls.

 

Secondary:

  • The role of regional organisations (in the arms trade).
  • The EU's security and foreign policy (as concerns arms).
  • Multilateral diplomacy (concerning arms control).
  • Armed violence.
  • Homicide (with firearms).
  • Conflict deaths (with small arms and light weapons).

Background

​​​​Languages spoken:

English, learning Norwegian

Working experience:

2004 - 2008
Chairman, European research Network COST Action A25 'European Small Arms and the Perpetuation of Violence'

2001 - present
Researcher, International Peace Research Institute, Oslo

2001 - present
Consultant to the Small Arms Survey (work on the global trade in small arms and light weapons)

1995 - 2001
Consultant. Provided analysis of international affairs to a variety of clients.

Education:

MA International Conflict Analysis - University of Kent at Canterbury - 1994-1995
BSc Economics - International Relations and Area Studies (East Asia) - University of Wales, Aberystwyth - 1991-1994

Events

PRIO started tracking events online in 2007. This listing is not complete. Past events may be mentioned in our news archive.

Publications

​From 2012, PRIO Researchers will register their publications in a national database called CRISTIN. Go to Nic Marsh's CRISTIN page.

Recent publications

All publications

Peer-reviewed Journal Article

Marsh, Nicholas (2015) Firearms Seizures and Trafficking: A «Local» Phenomenon, The Strategic Trade Review 1(1): 73–87.
Hansen, Susanne & Nicholas Marsh (2014) Normative power and organized hypocrisy: European Union member states’ arms export to Libya, European Security. DOI: 10.1080/09662839.2014.967763.
Marsh, Nicholas (2007) Taming the Tools of Violence, Journal of Public Health Policy 28: 401–409.
Marsh, Nicholas (2007) Conflict Specific Capital: The Role of Weapons Acquisition in Civil War, International Studies Perspectives 8(1): 54–72.

Book Chapter

Marsh, Nicholas & Atina Karim (2015) Article 13 Reporting , in Wood, Brian; & Clare da Silva, eds, Weapons and International Law: the Arms Trade Treaty. Brussels, Ghent, Luxembourg, Paris: Larcier (213–230).
Grzybowski, Janis; Nicholas Marsh & Matt Schroeder (2012) Piece by Piece Authorized Transfers of Parts and Accessories, in Glenn MacDonald, ed., Small Arms Survey 2012: Moving Targets. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (240–281).
Herron, Patrick; Matt Schroeder ; Jasna Lazarevic & Nicholas Marsh (2011) Larger but Less Known: Authorized Light Weapons Transfers, in The Small Arms Survey 2011: States of Security. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (8–41).
Greene , Owen & Nicholas Marsh (2011) Conclusions and Priorities for Further Research, in Nicholas Marsh, ed., Small Arms, Crime and Conflict Global Governance and the Threat of Armed Violence. London: Routledge (248–262).
Marsh, Nicholas & Owen Greene (2011) Governance and Small Arms and Light Weapons, in Nicholas Marsh, ed., Small Arms, Crime and Conflict Global Governance and the Threat of Armed Violence. London: Routledge (163–182).
Jackson, Thomas & Nicholas Marsh (2011) Guns and Deaths: A Critical Review, in Nicholas Marsh, ed., Small Arms, Crime and Conflict Global Governance and the Threat of Armed Violence. London: Routledge (105–121).
Greene , Owen & Nicholas Marsh (2011) Introduction , in Nicholas Marsh, ed., Small Arms, Crime and Conflict Global Governance and the Threat of Armed Violence. London: Routledge (1–11).
Kreutz, Joakim ; Manuela Torre & Nicholas Marsh (2011) Regaining State Control: Arms and Violence in Post-conflict Countries, in Greene , Owen ; & Nicholas Marsh, eds, Small Arms, Crime and Conflict Global Governance and the Threat of Armed Violence. London: Routledge (64–76).
Kreutz, Joakim & Nicholas Marsh (2011) Lethal Instruments: Small Arms and Deaths in Armed Conflict, in Nicholas Marsh, ed., Small Arms, Crime and Conflict Global Governance and the Threat of Armed Violence. London: Routledge (43–63).
Greene , Owen & Nicholas Marsh (2011) Armed Violence within Societies, in Greene , Owen ; & Nicholas Marsh, eds, Small Arms, Crime and Conflict Global Governance and the Threat of Armed Violence. London and New York : Routledge (79–104).
Marsh, Nicholas; Patrick Herron ; Matt Schroeder & Jasna Lazarevic (2010) Emerging From Obscurity: The Global Ammunition Trade, in Small Arms Survey 2010 Gangs Groups and Guns. Cambridge : Cambridge (7–39).
Dreyfus, Pablo; Nicholas Marsh; Matt Schroeder & Jasna Lazarevic (2009) Sifting the Sources Authorized Small Arms Transfers, in Small Arms Survey 2009 Shadows of War. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (6–59).
Marsh, Nicholas (2006) The Nordic Countries and Conventional Arms Control: The Case of Small Arms and Light Weapons, in The Nordic Countries and the European Security and Defence Policy. Oxford: SIPRI .
Jackson, Thomas;Marsh, Nicholas; & Thurin, Anne(2005) The Efficacy of EU Export Control Measures Concerning Small Arms and Light Weapons Small Arms and Light Weapons Transfers. : UNIDIR(53–78).
Marsh, Nicholas & Aaron Karp (2003) Global Small Arms Transfers: Insights and Mysteries, in Small Arms Survey 2003: Development Denied. Oxford: Small Arms Survey (97–123).

Edited Volume

Greene , Owen ; & Nicholas Marsh, eds, (2011) Small Arms, Crime and Conflict: Global Governance and the Threat of Armed Violence. London: Routledge. Routledge Studies in Peace and Conflict.

Non-refereed Journal Article

Marsh, Nicholas (2013) What has the Arms Trade Treaty done for us?, Peace In Progress 16: 4–5.
Marsh, Nicholas (2003) Significant Exporters of Small Arms and Light Weapons, Human Security Bulletin 1(4).
Marsh, Nicholas (2002) Two Sides of the Same Coin? The Legal and Illegal Trade in Small Arms, Brown Journal of World Affairs 9(1).

Popular Article

Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora; Maral Mirshahi & Nicholas Marsh (2014) Killer robots – hvorfor ønsker man et forbud? [Killer Robots - The Quest for a Ban], NRK Ytring.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora & Nicholas Marsh (2014) Lethal Autonomous Weapons: Issues for the International Community, Security & Defence Agenda.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora; Nicholas Marsh & Maral Mirshahi (2014) The Struggle to Ban Killer Robots, Bullentin of Atomic Scientists.
Marsh, Nicholas (2013) Ambition and activism on the arms trade, Reinventing Peace.
Ormhaug, Christin Marsh & Nicholas Marsh (2006) Kontroll med våpenhandelen? [Control over the Arms Trade?], Dagbladet, 23 October.

Conference Paper

Marsh, Nicholas (2013) Aiming for Control: the need to include ammunition in the arms trade treaty, presented at Side event at the United Nations conference to negotiate the Arms Trade Treaty, United Nations, New York, 21.03.13 – 21.03.13.
Marsh, Nicholas (2013) Visualizing the Arms Trade: the need for public reporting, presented at Side event at the United Nations conference to negotiate the Arms Trade Treaty, United Nations, New York, 25.03.13 – 25.03.13.
Marsh, Nicholas 2008 Dangerous Dealings: Arms Brokering and Regulations in Southern Africa , presented at UN Biennial Meeting of States to Consider the Programme of Action on the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons, , 18 July.
Jackson, Thomas; & Marsh, Nicholas 2008 Causes and Costs of Gun Violence: A Critical Evaluation , presented at Armed Violence, , 17–19 March.
Jackson, Thomas; Nicholas Marsh & Julian Wagstaff (2007) Counting Guns - The NISAT Datasets on Small Arms Trade, presented at 11th Annual Conference on Economics and Security, Bristol, 5–7 July.
Marsh, Nicholas (2007) Disarm or Perish - Is Disarmament a Necessary Condition for Peace?, presented at COST Action A25 Working Group Meeting on Small Arms Acquisition and Conflict, Nicosia, 28–29 May.
Marsh, Nicholas (2007) Arms Transfers to Proxies in Darfur, presented at COST Action A25 Working Group Meeting on Small Arms Acquisition and Conflict, Nicosia, 28–29 May.
Marsh, Nicholas (2006) From Laws to Practice – Options for Regulatory Controls Over Arms Brokering, presented at a workshop on 'Control Over Brokering in SALW in SEE and the Caucasus', Zagreb, Croatia, 29–30 March.
Marsh, Nicholas (2006) Controlling Arms BrokeringPalias des Nations, Geneva, 27 November.
Marsh, Nicholas (2005) Brokering of Small Arms and Light Weapons, presented at Meeting of the Small Arms Working Group, New York, 13 April.

PRIO Policy Brief

Marsh, Nicholas (2014) Defining the Scope of Autonomy, PRIO Policy Brief, 2. Oslo: PRIO.

PRIO Paper

Marsh, Nicholas & Gugu Dube (2014) Preventing Diversion: The Importance of Stockpile Management, PRIO Paper. Oslo: PRIO.
Corney, Neil & Nicholas Marsh (2013) Aiming for Control: The need to include ammunition in the Arms Trade Treaty, PRIO Paper. Oslo: PRIO.

Report - Other

Karim, Atina; & Nicholas Marsh (2015) State positions and practices concerning reporting and the Arms Trade TreatyNew York: ATT Monitor.
Marsh, Nicholas; Aaron Karp; & Giorgio Ravalgi (2015) UNODC Study on Firearms 2015 Vienna: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime.
Marsh, Nicholas (2008) Small Arms Imports and Exports by Central American States 2000-6.
Marsh, Nicholas; & Thomas Jackson (2007) Weapons Acquisition by Armed Groups in the Sudan Conflict Complex – A Review of Open SourcesOslo: PRIO.
Marsh, Nicholas (2007) Narrative and Financial Report to the Royal Ministry of Foreign Affairs on the Activities of the NISAT Small Arms Project during 2006Oslo: PRIO.
Marsh, Nicholas; & Thomas Jackson (2007) Annual Progress Report for COST Action A25 European Small Arms and the Perpetutation of Violence.
Marsh, Nicholas; & Thomas Jackson (2006) Dataset of International Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons, for the EU Commission's Joint Research Centre. Oslo: PRIO.
Marsh, Nicholas (2006) Evading European Controls on Arms TransfersOslo: PRIO.
Dreyfus, Pablo; & Nicholas Marsh (2006) Tracking the Guns: International Diversion of Small Arms to Illicit Markets in Rio de JaneiroRio de Janeiro .
Marsh, Nicholas (2005) Accounting Guns: The Methodology Used in Developing Data Tables for the Small Arms Survey, Memorandum. Oslo: PRIO.
Marsh, Nicholas (2005) The Methodology Used in Creating a Comtrade Based Dataset of Small Arms TransfersOslo: PRIO.
Marsh, Nicholas (2005) Options for States Interested in Further Extending Regulatory Controls Over Brokering Small Arms and Light Weapons, Memorandum written for the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Oslo.
Marsh, Nicholas (2005) Chair’s Review of the First Two Years of COST Action 25Oslo.
Marsh, Nicholas (2003) Evidence from Open Sources of: Nammo Multipurpose Ammunition Being Used in an Anti-personnel Role, or Procured with that Intention; and the Proliferation of Nammo 12.7mm Multipurpose Ammunition.
Marsh, Nicholas (2003) Selling guns to murderersOslo.
Marsh, Nicholas (2003) Counting Guns - The Methodology of Aggregating Small Arms Customs DataOslo.

Report - External Series

Marsh, Nicholas;Owen, Taylor;Jackson, Thomas; & Thurin, Anne (2005) Who Takes the Bullet? – The Impact of Small Arms Violence, Understanding the Issues, 3. : .

Blog Posts

How did the San Bernardino Killers Obtain the Guns used to Commit the 2 December Massacre?

Posted by Nic Marsh on Monday, 7 December 2015

The guns were bought in a shop. How did the 13 November Paris Killers get their Guns? How did the Paris Killers Acquire their Guns?

How did the 13 November Paris Killers get their Guns?

Posted by Nic Marsh on Tuesday, 17 November 2015

Full details of the arms used in the 13 November massacres will emerge in time. This post provides some information on illicit automatic weapons, such as the Kalashnikov, in France, and how they reach illicit markets. Overall, it appears that there is a pool of several thousand illicit military style firearms in France and relatively small numbers are trafficked in from abroad. Such quantities mean that terrorists and criminals in France and neighbouring countries can obtain Kalashnikovs and similar weapons, and that should be a matter of great concern. Nevertheless, Europe is very far from being ‘awash’ with illegal Kalashnikovs ...

The Reality of Firearms Trafficking

Posted by Nic Marsh on Wednesday, 17 June 2015

The film The Lord of War and high profile trial of Victor Bout helped to seal in the public imagination the image of an illicit arms trafficker as being someone who smuggled planeloads of Kalashnikovs around the world and into war zones. Such characters do exist, but the reality of firearms trafficking (especially outside war zones) is very different. With two exceptions, the 48 participating countries did not have wars on their territories, so the study provides a picture of trafficking associated with criminality (and crime accounts for far more deaths than armed conflict).  Some of the findings from the study show ...

Surprising Trends Uncovered in New Homicide Visualization

Posted by Nic Marsh on Thursday, 21 May 2015

PRIO is a partner in a new global homicide monitor that has just been published. Hosted by the  Igarapé Institute in Brazil, the monitor presents counts and estimates of global homicide over the period 2000-2014 and is intended to provoke reflection and stimulate debate. The Monitor reports 437,000 homicides in 2012, the last year for which global estimates are available. A small number of countries account for a disproportionately large share of the global burden of homicide. For example, it is estimated that 2 out of every 5 people murdered around the world live in Brazil, Colombia, Mexico, Venezuela or South Africa. ...

The Effect of Proposed US Arms Supplies to Ukraine

Posted by Nic Marsh on Wednesday, 4 February 2015

A report published on Monday by the Atlantic Council, the Brookings Institution, and the Chicago Council on Global Affairs that calls for the US to supply Ukraine with arms has generated a lot of discussion on both sides of the Atlantic. Written by eight high ranking former US diplomats, defence and military personnel – Ivo Daalder, Michele Flournoy, John Herbst, Jan Lodal, Steven Pifer, James Stavridis, Strobe Talbott and Charles Wald – the report called for the supply by the USA of military equipment to Ukraine. Most of the equipment suggested is ‘non-lethal’, namely: radar that would identify the location ...

How did the Paris Killers Acquire their Guns?

Posted by Nic Marsh on Wednesday, 14 January 2015

At present we have very little information on the guns used last week by Saïd and Chérif Kouachi to commit a massacre at the offices of the publication Charlie Hebdo; and by Amedy Coulibaly in several shootings in Paris. They were armed with Kalashnikov pattern guns, however as nearly 200 different versions of the Kalashnikov have been produced around the world since the introduction of the AK-47, at the time of writing there isn’t enough information to start working out how they obtained the guns used in the attacks.  This blog post is intended to clarify one misconception that has ...

Fake Syria Video

Posted by Nic Marsh on Tuesday, 18 November 2014

Last week a video surfaced on YouTube which showed children being fired upon in a battleground in Syria. It shows a boy rescuing a girl from what looks like certain death. Dubbed the ‘hero boy’ video it was rapidly shared on social media and by the end of the week had been viewed millions of times. The film appeared to be a graphic depiction of a war crime – the deliberate attempt to kill non-combatant children. As you may have seen from the news coverage, on Friday it was revealed to be a fake, shot in Malta by Norwegian director ...

Lethal Autonomous Weapons: Issues for the International Community

Posted by Nic Marsh & Kristin B. Sandvik on Monday, 12 May 2014

On May 13-16 a United Nations (UN) expert meeting will discuss ‘questions relating to emerging technologies’ in lethal autonomous weapon systems. Such systems are distinguished by being mobile and selecting targets autonomously without direct human supervision. This type of expert meeting represents the lowest rung of the UN ladder. The Chair of the meeting will simply write up a report to be presented later in 2014 to the annual discussions by States on the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons. But the expert meeting in May could be the start of a process which might see the development of new national and international law to ...

Issues for the Campaign to Stop Killer Robots

Posted by Nic Marsh on Friday, 4 April 2014

The Campaign to Stop Killer Robots was launched in April 2013 with the objective of achieving a ban on the development, production and deployment of lethal autonomous weapons. In May 2014, the issue will be discussed by a UN expert meeting under the auspices of the Convention on Conventional Weapons (CCW) in Geneva. At this stage, it is inevitable that there will be much debate and discussion over the scope and meaning of any future prohibition. The Campaign is still being shaped, and what will be necessary for its success is that over the next few years a group of ...

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