NISAT online database and archive of small arms transfers, production, and regulations. See http://nisat.prio.org
Twitter account on the small arms trade at @NisatPrio
- Global trade in small arms and light weapons.
- Relationship between arms, governance and violence.
- Arms trafficking.
- Data and methodology used to research the trade in small arms and light weapons.
- Arms acquisition by non-state parties involved in civil war.
- Arms export and transfer controlls.
- The role of regional organisations (in the arms trade).
- The EU's security and foreign policy (as concerns arms).
- Multilateral diplomacy (concerning arms control).
- Armed violence.
- Homicide (with firearms).
- Conflict deaths (with small arms and light weapons).
English, learning Norwegian
2014 - 2015
Consultant to the UN Office on Drugs and Crime, worked on a global report on firearms trafficking.
2004 - 2008
Chair, European research Network COST Action A25 'European Small Arms and the Perpetuation of Violence'
2001 - present
Research Fellow, International Peace Research Institute, Oslo
2001 - present
Consultant to the Small Arms Survey (work on the global trade in small arms and light weapons)
1995 - 2001
Several positions, including work for the UK Defence Forum.
MA International Conflict Analysis - University of Kent at Canterbury - 1994-1995
BSc Economics - International Relations and Area Studies (East Asia) - University of Wales, Aberystwyth - 1991-1994
Posted by Nic Marsh on Monday, 7 December 2015
The guns were bought in a shop. How did the 13 November Paris Killers get their Guns? How did the Paris Killers Acquire their Guns?
Posted by Nic Marsh on Tuesday, 17 November 2015
Full details of the arms used in the 13 November massacres will emerge in time. This post provides some information on illicit automatic weapons, such as the Kalashnikov, in France, and how they reach illicit markets. Overall, it appears that there is a pool of several thousand illicit military style firearms in France and relatively small numbers are trafficked in from abroad. Such quantities mean that terrorists and criminals in France and neighbouring countries can obtain Kalashnikovs and similar weapons, and that should be a matter of great concern. Nevertheless, Europe is very far from being ‘awash’ with illegal Kalashnikovs ...
Posted by Nic Marsh on Wednesday, 17 June 2015
The film The Lord of War and high profile trial of Victor Bout helped to seal in the public imagination the image of an illicit arms trafficker as being someone who smuggled planeloads of Kalashnikovs around the world and into war zones. Such characters do exist, but the reality of firearms trafficking (especially outside war zones) is very different. With two exceptions, the 48 participating countries did not have wars on their territories, so the study provides a picture of trafficking associated with criminality (and crime accounts for far more deaths than armed conflict). Some of the findings from the study show ...
Posted by Nic Marsh on Thursday, 21 May 2015
PRIO is a partner in a new global homicide monitor that has just been published. Hosted by the Igarapé Institute in Brazil, the monitor presents counts and estimates of global homicide over the period 2000-2014 and is intended to provoke reflection and stimulate debate. The Monitor reports 437,000 homicides in 2012, the last year for which global estimates are available. A small number of countries account for a disproportionately large share of the global burden of homicide. For example, it is estimated that 2 out of every 5 people murdered around the world live in Brazil, Colombia, Mexico, Venezuela or South Africa. ...
Posted by Nic Marsh on Wednesday, 4 February 2015
A report published on Monday by the Atlantic Council, the Brookings Institution, and the Chicago Council on Global Affairs that calls for the US to supply Ukraine with arms has generated a lot of discussion on both sides of the Atlantic. Written by eight high ranking former US diplomats, defence and military personnel – Ivo Daalder, Michele Flournoy, John Herbst, Jan Lodal, Steven Pifer, James Stavridis, Strobe Talbott and Charles Wald – the report called for the supply by the USA of military equipment to Ukraine. Most of the equipment suggested is ‘non-lethal’, namely: radar that would identify the location ...
Posted by Nic Marsh on Wednesday, 14 January 2015
At present we have very little information on the guns used last week by Saïd and Chérif Kouachi to commit a massacre at the offices of the publication Charlie Hebdo; and by Amedy Coulibaly in several shootings in Paris. They were armed with Kalashnikov pattern guns, however as nearly 200 different versions of the Kalashnikov have been produced around the world since the introduction of the AK-47, at the time of writing there isn’t enough information to start working out how they obtained the guns used in the attacks. This blog post is intended to clarify one misconception that has ...
Posted by Nic Marsh on Tuesday, 18 November 2014
Last week a video surfaced on YouTube which showed children being fired upon in a battleground in Syria. It shows a boy rescuing a girl from what looks like certain death. Dubbed the ‘hero boy’ video it was rapidly shared on social media and by the end of the week had been viewed millions of times. The film appeared to be a graphic depiction of a war crime – the deliberate attempt to kill non-combatant children. As you may have seen from the news coverage, on Friday it was revealed to be a fake, shot in Malta by Norwegian director ...
On May 13-16 a United Nations (UN) expert meeting will discuss ‘questions relating to emerging technologies’ in lethal autonomous weapon systems. Such systems are distinguished by being mobile and selecting targets autonomously without direct human supervision. This type of expert meeting represents the lowest rung of the UN ladder. The Chair of the meeting will simply write up a report to be presented later in 2014 to the annual discussions by States on the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons. But the expert meeting in May could be the start of a process which might see the development of new national and international law to ...
Posted by Nic Marsh on Friday, 4 April 2014
The Campaign to Stop Killer Robots was launched in April 2013 with the objective of achieving a ban on the development, production and deployment of lethal autonomous weapons. In May 2014, the issue will be discussed by a UN expert meeting under the auspices of the Convention on Conventional Weapons (CCW) in Geneva. At this stage, it is inevitable that there will be much debate and discussion over the scope and meaning of any future prohibition. The Campaign is still being shaped, and what will be necessary for its success is that over the next few years a group of ...